Study Quantifies Whether Weight Loss Surgery Cures Diabetes

A study recently published in the Annals of Surgery gives much more insight into oft-repeated claims that weight loss surgery cures diabetes.The study can be found here:Can Diabetes Be Surgically Cured? Long-Term Metabolic Effects of Bariatric Surgery in Obese Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.   Brethauer, Stacy A. et al. Annals of Sugery, 10/13/2013. doi: 10.1097/SLA.0b013e3182a5034bThe study followed  217 people with Type 2 Diabetes who had had weight loss surgery for a period lasting between 5 and 9 years. One hundred and sixty-two had the radical Roux-en-Y gastric bypass operation, which irreversibly reroutes the path of food through the stomach and small intestine. Thirty-two had the potentially reversible gastric banding procedure where a band limits the site of the stomach, and 23 had the irreversible amputation of part of the stomach sleeve known as sleeve gastrectomy.Complete remission--i.e. a cure--was defined as the patient having an A1C less than 6% and a fasting blood glucose less than 100 mg/dL while taking no diabetic medications. It is worth noting that many people with Type 2 are able to achieve these same numbers by cutting down their carbohydrate intake, without exposing themselves to any of the significant long-term risks that come with these major surgical interventions.The Long Term ResultsOnly 24% of those who had these surgeries met the definition of "complete remission." This, of course, means that 76% still had abnormal...
Source: Diabetes Update - Category: Diabetes Authors: Source Type: blogs

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In 2019, the Congressional Black Caucus convened an emergency Taskforce to examine Black Youth Suicide and Mental Health. The Taskforce released its report in December 2019, highlighting several recommendations for increased research, intervention development, and community engagement. In collaboration with the Office of Behavioral Health Equity at SAMHSA, this 90-minute interactive roundtable webinar featured co-authors of the Taskforce report, including the leader of the Taskforce, answering our most pressing questions about Black youth suicide.
Source: National Institute of Mental Health - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 4 June 2020Source: Obesity Research &Clinical PracticeAuthor(s): Diego Moriconi, Stefano Masi, Eleni Rebelos, Agostino Virdis, Maria Laura Manca, Salvatore De Marco, Stefano Taddei, Monica Nannipieri
Source: Obesity Research and Clinical Practice - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research
Intervertebral disc and endplate cells response to IL-1β inflammatory cell priming and identification of molecular targets of tissue degeneration. Eur Cell Mater. 2020 Jun 02;39:227-248 Authors: De Luca P, de Girolamo L, Kouroupis D, Castagnetta M, Perucca Orfei C, Coviello D, Coco S, Correa D, Brayda-Bruno M, Colombini A Abstract Inflammation represents an important factor leading to metabolic imbalance within the intervertebral disc (IVD), conducive to degenerative changes. Therefore, a thorough knowledge of the IVD and endplate (EP) cell behaviour in such pathological environments is essential ...
Source: European Cells and Materials - Category: Cytology Tags: Eur Cell Mater Source Type: research
Authors: Roselli V, Tarsitani L, Mandarelli G, Maraone A, Magliocchetti V, Bersani FS, Biondi M, Pasquini M Abstract PURPOSE: One of the most consistent models investigating the relationship between premorbid personality and depression was described by Tellenbach. According to this model, concern with orderliness, conscientiousness, hyper/hetereonomia and intolerance of ambiguity are the core features of Typus Melancholicus (TM). Previous studies showed a relationship between unipolar depression and TM. The primary hypothesis of this study was that patients affected by unipolar depressive disorders bare more of TM-...
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with severe SI and SA may represent different variants of the same clinical entity. Given the high frequency of the explored features in the whole suicidal sample, this diagnostic methodology may be helpful and informative in all the high-risk adolescents with mood disorders, namely with NSSI. PMID: 32489194 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Rivista di Psichiatria - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Riv Psichiatr Source Type: research
Conclusions: There is a lack of convincing evidence to suggest that true inter-individual response differences exist with respect to aerobic exercise training and changes in fat mass and percent body fat in overweight and obese children and adolescents. PMID: 32486838 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Childhood Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research
Conclusions: Child and family characteristics more strongly predicted initial engagement with a PWMC than completion. Future research should examine how targeting these predictors (e.g., referring at younger age) can improve PWMC engagement. PMID: 32484761 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Childhood Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research
Conclusions: This study shows that BMI status may not be associated with childhood asthma control. Given the inconsistency in current evidence, more studies are needed in the future to investigate this association. PMID: 32484760 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Childhood Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The results of this experiment suggest the possibility of swimming exercise in urological diseases that are difficult to treat. Swimming exercises can be considered for relief of symptom in incurable multiple sclerosis. PMID: 32482056 [PubMed]
Source: International Neurourology Journal - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Int Neurourol J Source Type: research
According to Mental Health America (MHA), the number of people who screened positively for depression and anxiety using MHA ’s free and anonymousonline screening tool hasshot up dramatically since the COVID-19 pandemic began.Using November 2019 to January 2020 average results as a baseline, MHA determined that 88,405 more people screened positive on depression and anxiety screenings than expected between mid-to-late February and May.More than 211,000 people took the screenings in May, compared with 69,626 in April, yet “severity continued to track equal to or higher than our pre-pandemic baselines,” accor...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: anxiety COVID-19 depression Mental Health America online screening tool pandemic Patient Health Questionnaire-9 Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders Patient Health Questionnaire Source Type: research
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