Effect of the ASPAN Guideline on Perioperative Hypothermia Among Patients With Upper Extremity Surgery Under General Anesthesia: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

CONCLUSIONS: The American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses guideline is applicable for preventing hypothermia under general anesthesia, which, in turn, aids in patient recovery through the suppression of various hypothermia-related complications. PMID: 32005604 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: J Perianesth Nurs Source Type: research

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ConclusionsThe differential antagonism of rate ‐decreasing and hypothermic effects implicates differential involvement of nAChR subtypes. The decreased capacity of mecamylamine and DHβE to antagonize nicotine during chronic nicotine treatment may indicate that their effectiveness as smoking cessations might vary as a function of nicotine tole rance and dependence.
Source: Brain and Behavior - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
Abstract We assessed the ability of high-risk criteria developed by Boston Health Care for the Homeless Program to identify increased mortality during a 10-year cohort study (January 2000-December 2009) of 445 unsheltered adults. To qualify as high-risk for mortality, an individual slept unsheltered for six consecutive months or longer plus had one or more of the following characteristics: tri-morbidity, defined as co-occurring medical, psychiatric, and addiction diagnoses; one or more inpatient or respite admissions; three or more emergency department visits; 60 years old or older; HIV/AIDS; cirrhosis; renal fail...
Source: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: J Health Care Poor Underserved Source Type: research
THURSDAY, Oct. 3, 2019 -- Moderate therapeutic hypothermia for 24 hours is associated with improvement in favorable neurologic outcome at 90 days among patients with persistent coma who have been resuscitated from cardiac arrest with nonshockable...
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
According to the latest numbers, roughly 9 million Americans — 4% of U.S. adults — use prescription sleep aids, or medications that can help with insomnia and other sleep issues. And now, some of the most popular prescription sleep drugs must carry stronger safety warnings. In April, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) mandated black-box warnings — which the agency uses to “call attention to serious or life-threatening risks” — on three sedative-hypnotic sleep aids: eszopiclone (often sold under the brand name Lunesta), zaleplon (Sonata) and zolpidem (Ambien). Hypnotic drugs, which ar...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Drugs Source Type: news
In this study, we examined the benefits of early-onset, lifelong AET on predictors of health, inflammation, and cancer incidence in a naturally aging mouse model. Lifelong, voluntary wheel-running (O-AET; 26-month-old) prevented age-related declines in aerobic fitness and motor coordination vs. age-matched, sedentary controls (O-SED). AET also provided partial protection against sarcopenia, dynapenia, testicular atrophy, and overall organ pathology, hence augmenting the 'physiologic reserve' of lifelong runners. Systemic inflammation, as evidenced by a chronic elevation in 17 of 18 pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokin...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
This article explores new research from the past year in pediatric trauma, starting with the physiologic differences in pediatric red blood cells and coagulation profiles. We also looked at the dramatic change in thinking over the past decade in the tolerable level of anemia in critically ill pediatric patients, as well as scales for determining the need for massive transfusion and exploring if the concepts of damage control resuscitation apply to children. Other strategies, such as avoiding hypothermia, and the selective administration of antifibriniolytics, are important in pediatric trauma as well. Future research that ...
Source: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: TRAUMA AND TRANSFUSION: Edited by Corey S. Scher Source Type: research
Early assessment of the potential for neurologic recovery in comatose cardiac arrest patients (CCAP) has been a challenge despite significant evolution in management and imaging techniques. The purpose of study was to determine if the use of computed tomography perfusion (CTP) in CCAPs is feasible and if this technique can predict the likelihood that CCAPs will have a devastating outcome at hospital discharge. We prospectively enrolled 10 newly admitted comatose adults who had an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and were treated with standard therapeutic hypothermia protocols.
Source: The American Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
This study included 647 patients 80 to 106 years of age who had audiometric evaluations at an academic medical center (141 had multiple audiograms). The degree of hearing loss was compared across the following age brackets: 80 to 84 years, 85 to 89 years, 90 to 94 years, and 95 years and older. From an individual perspective, the rate of hearing decrease between 2 audiograms was compared with age. The researchers found that changes in hearing among age brackets were higher during the 10th decade of life than the 9th decade at all frequencies for all the patients (average age, 90 years). Correspondingly, the annual rate of ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Introduction The likelihood of incidents involving chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear agents has increased in recent years, due to advances in technology, and the increased willingness of terrorists to use unconventional weapons (1,2,3). While such incidents are still relatively low probability, evidence suggests that if an incident of this type were to occur, it would have a high impact on society. CBRN agents are invisible, consequences of exposure are often unknown, and there is the potential for delayed effects from contamination (4,5,6); they therefore score highly in terms of so-called dread risk (define...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - Category: Global & Universal Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Lim SH, Lee W, Park J, Kim MH, Cho K, Lee JH, Cheong SH, Lee KM Abstract BACKGROUND: Hypothermia is common during arthroscopic shoulder surgery under general anesthesia, and anesthetic-impaired thermoregulation is thought to be the major cause of hypothermia. This prospective, randomized, double-blind study was designed to compare perioperative temperature during arthroscopic shoulder surgery with interscalene brachial plexus block (IBPB) followed by general anesthesia vs. general anesthesia alone. METHODS: Patients scheduled for arthroscopic shoulder surgery were randomly allocated to receive IBPB fol...
Source: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Anesthesiol Source Type: research
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