Outcomes of online mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for patients with residual depressive symptoms: a randomized clinical trial - Segal ZV, Dimidjian S, Beck A, Boggs JM, Vanderkruik R, Metcalf CA, Gallop R, Felder JN, Levy J.

IMPORTANCE: Patients with residual depressive symptoms face a gap in care because few resources, to date, are available to manage the lingering effects of their illness. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness for treating residual depressive symp...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Media, Marketing, and Internet Issues Source Type: news

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CONCLUSIONS: There is evidence that for women who experience IPV, psychological therapies probably reduce depression and may reduce anxiety. However, we are uncertain whether psychological therapies improve other outcomes (self-efficacy, post-traumatic stress disorder, re-exposure to IPV, safety planning) and there are limited data on harm. Thus, while psychological therapies probably improve emotional health, it is unclear if women's ongoing needs for safety, support and holistic healing from complex trauma are addressed by this approach. There is a need for more interventions focused on trauma approaches and more rigorou...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Increasing social support may improve treatment retention, and pre-emptively reducing sources of boredom and increasing self-control during treatment might improve outcomes for older adults with hoarding disorder. PMID: 32609947 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Australasian Journal on Ageing - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Australas J Ageing Source Type: research
Abstract Arabic-speaking immigrants and refugees constitute one of the largest immigrant groups in Sweden. Previous research on Arabic-speaking immigrants indicates elevated levels of psychological disorders, including depression and anxiety. The aim of the present pilot study was to examine the efficacy of an internet-delivered cognitive behavioural treatment (ICBT) in an Arabic-speaking immigrant population. The intervention was individually tailored based on self-described problems and consisted of nine modules targeting areas such as depression, anxiety and insomnia. In total, 59 individuals were included and ...
Source: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Cogn Behav Ther Source Type: research
DiscussionThis trial will demonstrate whether IPDT is non-inferior to ICBT in the treatment of adolescent depression. The study might therefore broaden the range of evidence-based treatment alternatives for young people struggling with depression. Further analyses of data from this trial may increase our knowledge about “what works for whom” and the pathways of change for two distinct types of interventions.Trial registrationISRCTN12552584, Registered on 13 August 2019.
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
CONCLUSIONS: This study presents a novel approach for depression sub-typing, defining fluid depressive states and exploring transitions between states in response to CBT. Understanding how different symptom profiles respond to therapy will inform the development and delivery of stratified treatment protocols, improving clinical outcomes and cost-effectiveness of psychological therapies for patients with depression. PMID: 32597747 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Psychological Medicine - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research
Prevalence and management of chronic insomnia in Swiss primary care: Cross-sectional data from the "Sentinella" practice-based research network. J Sleep Res. 2020 Jun 25;:e13121 Authors: Maire M, Linder S, Dvořák C, Merlo C, Essig S, Tal K, Del Giovane C, Syrogiannouli L, Duss SB, Heinzer R, Nissen C, Bassetti CLA, Auer R Abstract We investigated the prevalence and treatment of patients with chronic insomnia presenting to Swiss primary care physicians (PCPs) part of "Sentinella", a nationwide practice-based research network. Each PCP consecutively asked 40 patients if they ...
Source: Journal of Sleep Research - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: J Sleep Res Source Type: research
This article was originally published on The Conversation. Article in Context: Three ways to protect your mental health during –and after– COVID-19 New report: Empowering 8 Billion Minds via Ethical Development and Adoption of Neurotechnologies Infographic on the Digital Brain Health Market 2012–2020 Five reasons the future of brain enhancement is digital, pervasive and (hopefully) bright Ten neurotechnologies about to transform brain enhancement & health 10 highlights from the 2019 SharpBrains Virtual Summit
Source: SharpBrains - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Education & Lifelong Learning Health & Wellness anxiety clinical depression cognitive-behavioral-therapy crisis mental distress mental health mental health crisis mental health curve telehealth telehealth the Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSIONS: It is uncertain whether CBT reduces HSB in male adolescents compared to other treatments. All studies had insufficient detail in what they reported to allow for full assessment of risk of bias. 'Risk of bias' judgements were predominantly rated as unclear or high. Sample sizes were very small, and the imprecision of results was significant. There is very low-certainty evidence that group-based CBT may improve victim empathy when compared to no treatment, and may improve cognitive distortions when compared to sexual education, but not treatment as usual. Further research is likely to change the estimate. More r...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
We report that short-term exposure to a high-cholesterol diet led to decreased thigmotaxis and short-term spatial memory impairment without affecting long-term recognition memory. Furthermore, cognitive and behavioral phenotypes in these mice were associated with a reduction in interleukin-15 levels in the absence of changes in other inflammatory mediators. Our findings indicate that interleukin-15 may play a role in early stages of cognitive impairment secondary to hypercholesterolemia. Consequently, optimization of interleukin-15 signaling may be a viable effective cognitive therapy in the population susceptible to devel...
Source: Behavioural Brain Research - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Behav Brain Res Source Type: research
Conclusion. During the epidemic period, in addition to strengthening the protection work, we should also monitor the mental and psychological state of the population to prevent mental illness caused by coronavirus. PMID: 32550035 [PubMed]
Source: Case Reports in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Case Rep Psychiatry Source Type: research
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