Rationale and design of the randomised Treatment of sleep apnoea Early After Myocardial infarction with Adaptive Servo-Ventilation trial (TEAM-ASV I)

In acute myocardial infarction (AMI), impaired myocardial salvage and large infarct size result in residual heart failure, which is one of the most important predictors of morbidity and mortality after AMI. Sl...
Source: Trials - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Study protocol Source Type: research

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Abstract Sleep is essential to and an integral part of life and when lacking or disrupted, a multitude of mental and physical pathologies ensue, including cardiovascular (CV) disease, which increase health care costs. Several prospective studies and meta-analyses show that insomnia, short (9h) sleep and other sleep disorders are associated with an increased risk of hypertension, metabolic syndrome, myocardial infarction, heart failure, arrhythmias, CV disease risk and/or mortality. The mechanisms by which insomnia and other sleep disorders lead to increased CV risk may encompass inflammatory, immunological, neuro-...
Source: Current Vascular Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Vasc Pharmacol Source Type: research
We examined a subgroup of 1,369 patients from the Japan Morning Surge Home Blood Pressure study; these were patients who had cardiovascular risk factors and had undergone ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring. HR non-dipping status was defined as (awake HR - sleep HR)/awake HR
Source: American Journal of Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Am J Hypertens Source Type: research
ConclusionAmong patients with AF, OSA is an independent risk factor for MACNE and, more specifically, stroke/SE.Graphical Abstract
Source: American Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
This study is registered with Clinicaltrials.gov, NCT01335087 and is now closed.FindingsBetween April 25, 2011, and Feb 2, 2018, a total of 2834 patients with ACS had respiratory polygraphy, of whom 2551 (90·01%) were recruited. 1264 (49·55%) patients had OSA and were randomly assigned to the CPAP group (n=633) or the UC group (n=631). 1287 (50·45%) patients did not have OSA, of whom 603 (46·85%) were randomly assigned to the reference group. Patients were followed up for a median of 3·35 years (IQR 1·50–5·31). The prevalence of cardiovascular events was similar in the...
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeThe negative association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and adverse cardiovascular outcomes in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is well documented. However, little is known about the influence of OSA on fibrinolytic therapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of severe OSA on pharmacoinvasive treatment in ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients.MethodsWe enrolled consecutive STEMI patients without previous vascular disease, heart failure, or OSA diagnosis. All patients underwent either a pharmacoinvasive therapy or primary PCI. Syntax score (SS) wa...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Abstract PURPOSE: The negative association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and adverse cardiovascular outcomes in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is well documented. However, little is known about the influence of OSA on fibrinolytic therapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of severe OSA on pharmacoinvasive treatment in ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. METHODS: We enrolled consecutive STEMI patients without previous vascular disease, heart failure, or OSA diagnosis. All patients underwent either a pharmacoinvasive therapy or primary PCI. ...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research
Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
ConclusionsA history of MST is common among older women veterans and associated with a range of medical and mental health diagnoses. These findings call attention to the need for additional research in this understudied population, and the importance of trauma-informed care approaches for women across the lifespan.
Source: Journal of General Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn AF patients, there is underuse of GDT for non-AF comorbidities. The association between GDT use and outcomes was strongest in heart failure and obstructive sleep apnea patients where use of GDT was associated with lower mortality and less AF progression.
Source: American Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Conclusions: This study provides the first evidence that MI+CIH upregulates miR-214-3p, suppresses cardiac CTRP9 expression, and exacerbates cardiac remodeling, suggesting that CTRP9 may be a novel therapeutic target against pathologic remodeling in MI patients with OSA. PMID: 31694459 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Circulation Research - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Circ Res Source Type: research
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