Molecules, Vol. 25, Pages 642: Increasing Susceptibility of Drug-Resistant Candida albicans to Fluconazole and Terbinafine by 2(5H)-Furanone Derivative

In this study, we report the antifungal activity of the 2(5H)-furanone derivative F105, consisting of three pharmacophores, namely chlorinated 2(5H)-furanone, sulfonyl group, and l-menthol moiety. Although exhibiting moderate antifungal activity alone with the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values of 32–256 μg/mL, F105 potentiates the activity of fluconazole and terbinafine with fractional inhibitory concentration index (FICI) values of 0.27–0.50. Thus, 16 μg/mL of F105 reduced the MICs of these antifungals against fluconazole-resistant C. albicans isolates four-fold, achieving similar values as for the intermediately susceptible phenotype. Confocal laser scanning microscopy revealed that the fluorescent 2(5H)-furanone derivative F145 was also able to penetrate through biofilms formed by C. albicans. Indeed, in the presence of F105, even sub-MIC concentrations of both fluconazole and terbinafine led to significant reduction of C. albicans CFUs in the mature biofilm. Thus, F105 appears to be a promising candidate for the development of novel antifungal agents as well as enhancers of current antifungal agents, particularly for the treatment of drug-resistant C. albicans infections.
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 28 November 2019Source: Microbiological ResearchAuthor(s): Sohini Chatterjee, Ranjan Ghosh, Narayan Chandra MandalAbstractFungal resistance against frequently used antifungal medicines used for invasive candidiasis and other fungal infections is directing scientist for searching and developing novel antifungal drugs. An endophytic fungal strain Alternaria tenuissima OE7 has been isolated from leaves of Ocimum tenuiflorum L. which showed antifungal activity against numbers of human pathogenic fungi including Trichophyton rubrum, Microsporum gypseum, Aspergillus parasiticus, A. flavus, A. f...
Source: Microbiological Research - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Paediatric invasive fungal infections have significantly increased over the past few decades, in particular among the immunocompromised population. Candida and Aspergillus spp. are still the most commonly isolated organisms. Image-based assessment of fungal infections can indeed be challenging especially in oncological patients where the differential diagnosis relative to other infections and neoplastic lesions cannot be often obvious. Therefore, the knowledge of the main radiological features associated with fungal infections is crucial to achieve an early correct diagnosis and address the most appropriate therapeutic app...
Source: In Vivo - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Reviews Source Type: research
Abstract Humoral defenses are the major components of insect innate immune system that include the production of several soluble effector molecules from fat body and hemocytes, and released in to the hemolymph upon microbial infection. Hemolymph was collected from the fungal immunized fifth instar larvae of tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta, extracted with a mixture of solvent (methanol/glacial acetic acid/water) and fractionated through RP-HPLC. Several fractions were collected, lyophilized and their antifungal activity was tested against Candida albicans. Only the fraction showing strong antifungal activity was ...
Source: Biochemical and Biophysical Research communications - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Biochem Biophys Res Commun Source Type: research
Abstract Aims: Oral candidiasis is a major oral manifestation of uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, and a number of cofactors are associated with the pathogenesis of this infection. Here, we describe the prevalence of oral Candida in a Sri Lankan cohort of type 2 diabetes mellitus and risk factors that predispose them to this common fungal infection. Methods: A case-control study was conducted in 250 diabetics with type 2 diabetes and 81 nondiabetic controls. Clinical and demographic data were collected using an interviewer administered questionnaire, and patient records. Oral rinse samples were collected to determin...
Source: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica - Category: Dentistry Authors: Tags: Acta Odontol Scand Source Type: research
In conclusion, potential biological applications of PF-SeNPs were explored by antibacterial, antifungal, antioxidant and biocompatibility assays. Materials and Methods Chemicals and Reagents Sodium selenite (98%), 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) (MTT), Tween 80, methanol, acetate buffer, tetracycline, nystatin, rhodamine 123, caspase-3 kit, Dulbecco’s modified Eagle media (DMEM), Folin-Ciocalteu reagent, 2,2-azinobis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonate) (ABTS), Dulbecco’s phosphate buffered saline pH 7.4 (DPBS) and fetal bovine serum (FBS) w...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Abstract Clotrimazole is widely used for the management of cutaneous candidiasis infection. The low solubility of clotrimazole and excipient-related topical side effects (of currently available marketed products) cause the compromised efficacy of the therapy with poor patient compliance. In the present investigation, a clotrimazole nanocrystal-based nanogel was developed. Clotrimazole nanocrystals were optimized with studying the impact of individual process parameters of the media milling technique. The optimum level of individual process parameters was considered in the development of optimized batches. A promis...
Source: AAPS PharmSciTech - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: AAPS PharmSciTech Source Type: research
This study has revealed the intestinal and hepatopancreas mycobiota of L. vannamei and the effects of diseases and seasonal variation to the mycobiota. Our study provides important guidance for Pacific white shrimp farming and sheds further insight on the fungal microbiota. Introduction The digestive system hosts a large number of microorganisms dominated by bacteria, which constitute an enormous microbial ecosystem called the microbiota (O’Hara and Shanahan, 2006; Clemente et al., 2012). The microbiota has multiple functions, such as the maintenance of the functional stability and metabolic balance in the di...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
This study was financially supported by the Austrian Science Fund (FWF) with the projects FWF P25894-B20 and FWF I1644-B20 to FM and a MUI Start grant of the Medical University of Innsbruck to MAK. Conflict of Interest Statement The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. Acknowledgments We thank Doris Bratschun-Khan for technical support. Supplementary Material The Supplementary Material for this article can be found online at: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2019.00605/...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
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