Fight Aging! Newsletter, February 3rd 2020

In conclusion, this study suggests that epigenetic age acceleration is significantly associated with lung function in women older than 50 years. We hypothesised that this could be due to menopause. However, we have observed that menopause has minimal effect and therefore there is possibility of other unknown physiological factors at older age in females mediating the epigenetic age acceleration effect on lung function. While, it is still unknown what exactly epigenetic aging from DNA methylation measures, this study suggests it can be utilised as one of the important factors to assess women's lung health in old age. DNA methylation-based lifespan predictors, such as DNAm GrimAge and plasma protein levels are strongly associated with lung function. Therefore this study suggests that these can be utilised as important factors to assess lung health in adults. Astrocyte Senescence Causes Death of Neurons in Cell Culture https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2020/01/astrocyte-senescence-causes-death-of-neurons-in-cell-culture/ With the caveat that the behavior of cells in culture is not necessarily all that relevant to their behavior amidst the full complexities of living tissue, this study is an interesting initial exploration of the ways in which the cellular senescence of supporting cells in the brain might contribute to the progression of neurodegeneration. Senescent cells secrete a potent mix of inflammatory and other signaling; while they serve a useful purp...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs

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Publication date: Available online 5 April 2020Source: Aggression and Violent BehaviorAuthor(s): Alison Datoc, Kirsten Horne, Charles Golden
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Conclusion. Over the 2-year follow-up period, PTED did not show superior clinical outcomes and did not appear to be safer procedure for patients with LDH compared with MED. PTED had inferior results for median disc herniation, whereas MED did not appear to be the best option for far-lateral disc herniation. Level of Evidence: 2
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: RANDOMIZED TRIAL Source Type: research
Conclusion. In this consecutive case series we performed 231 ADRs in 147 patients in the outpatient setting, including multilevel and revision procedures, with 2 minor postoperative complications resulting in hospital unplanned admissions within 90 days. We believe that these procedures are safe to perform in an ASC. An efficient surgical team and careful patient selection criteria are critical in making this possible. Level of Evidence: 3
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: CLINICAL CASE SERIES Source Type: research
Conclusion. Spinal infection in the presence of liver cirrhosis is challenging. The rate epidural abscess formation is relatively high. Early diagnosis remains the main cornerstone in the management and the indication for surgery should be carefully considered. Minimally invasive techniques should be used when possible to minimize complication rate, and higher amounts of intraoperative blood loss should be expected. Level of Evidence: 4
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: CLINICAL CASE SERIES Source Type: research
Study Design. Cross-sectional. Objective. The aim of this study was to describe the self-experienced trunk appearance in individuals with and without idiopathic scoliosis. Summary of Background Data. Idiopathic scoliosis is the most common spinal deformity. A large scoliotic deformity increases the risk of back pain and pulmonary dysfunction. The deformity has also a psychological impact. Methods. The pictorial part of the spinal appearance questionnaire (pSAQ) was administered to 1416 individuals with idiopathic scoliosis (386 untreated, 529 brace treated, 501 surgically treated) and 272 individuals without sco...
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: DEFORMITY Source Type: research
Conclusion. This study shows that financial worries were significantly associated with chronic spinal pain. Financial worries may be important to be taken into consideration by clinicians managing patients with spinal pain. More future research is needed to explore the association between financial worries and spinal pain. Level of Evidence: 3
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: EPIDEMIOLOGY Source Type: research
Conclusions. Multiple factors were associated with a significantly increased risk of VFX compared with NVFX. Understanding the risk factors unique to fragility VFX is a critical component for targeting “at-risk” patients and preventing future osteoporosis-related fractures and their consequences. Level of Evidence: 4
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: EPIDEMIOLOGY Source Type: research
Conclusion. The results of this study yield further support for the importance of rapid functional improvements during a PT episode of care. In addition, patients demonstrated roughly two-thirds of their improvement in the first 40% of visits regardless of their symptom duration. This study may help clinicians identify a need to modify a plan of care if insufficient early improvement is observed. Level of Evidence: 3
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH Source Type: research
Study Design. Cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric evaluation. Objective. The aim of this study was to translate the Neck Disability Index (NDI) into the simplified-Chinese language and to evaluate the reliability, validity, and responsiveness of the new questionnaire. Summary of Background Data. Neck pain is a major health problem resulting in major disability. NDI is the most frequently used scale for self-rating of disability due to neck pain. At present, there is no simplified-Chinese version of the NDI. The aims of this study were to culturally adapt and translate the NDI into the simplified-Chinese lang...
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH Source Type: research
Study Design. A prospective cross-sectional study. Objective. To evaluate the prevalence of sacroiliac joint dysfunction in patients with lumbar disc hernia and examine the variations in clinical parameters cause by this combination. Summary of Background Data. Although one of the many agents leading to lumbar pain is sacroiliac dysfunction, little progress has still been made to evaluate mechanical pain from sacroiliac joint dysfunction within the context of differential diagnosis of lumbar pain. Methods. Two hundred thirty-four patients already diagnosed with lumbar disc hernia were included in the study. Duri...
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH Source Type: research
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