MicroRNAs in Venous Thrombo-Embolism
Publication date: Available online 1 February 2020Source: Clinica Chimica ActaAuthor(s): Anju Angelina Hembrom, Swati Srivastava, Iti Garg, Bhuvnesh KumarAbstractBackgroundVenous Thrombo-embolism (VTE) is the major preventable cause of death and disability worldwide. It has the third highest incidence rate of hospital death after coronary artery disease (CAD) and stroke. With the establishment of Virchow’s triad stating the major factors responsible for VTE including stasis, hypercoagulability and endothelial dysfunction, the last decade reported number of studies regarding its diagnosis and prophylaxis. Till date the most commonly used clinical marker for its diagnosis is the D-dimer test, detecting endogenous fibrinolysis. This test often gives false positive results and has low specificity. Other markers of coagulation are being used in combination with D-dimer; however, a reliable and sensitive biomarker is still needed for early and accurate diagnosis of VTE.Non-coding regulatory RNAs such as MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small molecules that play a significant role in RNA silencing and post-transcriptional gene expression regulation. They can specifically bind to their target genes forming silencing complex, thereby inducing degradation and altered gene expression. A wide range of miRNAs have extensively been studied in a variety of cardiovascular diseases such as CAD, stroke, myocardial infarction (MI), atherosclerosis, obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and other complex d...
Publication date: Available online 4 April 2020Source: Radiation Physics and ChemistryAuthor(s): B. Juste, R. Miró, S. Morató, G. Verdú, S. Peris
Publication date: Available online 5 April 2020Source: Journal of Molecular StructureAuthor(s): T. Valarmathi, R. Premkumar, A. Milton Franklin Benial
Publication date: Available online 4 April 2020Source: Redox BiologyAuthor(s): Raúl González, María A. Rodríguez-Hernández, María Negrete, Kalina Ranguelova, Aurelie Rossin, Carmen Choya-Foces, Patricia de la Cruz-Ojeda, Antonio Miranda-Vizuete, Antonio Martínez-Ruiz, Sergio Rius-Pérez, Juan Sastre, José A. Bárcena, Anne-Odile Hueber, C. Alicia Padilla, Jordi Muntané
CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that MTC is a more immunologically active tumor that has been previously reported. Patients with advanced MTC should be screened for targetable antigens and immune checkpoints to determine their eligibility for current clinical trials. Additional studies are necessary to fully characterize the antigenic potential of MTC and may encourage the development of adoptive T cells therapies for this rare tumor. PMID: 32242507 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Publication date: Available online 4 April 2020Source: Journal of Environmental PsychologyAuthor(s): Kati Peditto, Mardelle Shepley, Naomi Sachs, Jane Mendle, Anthony Burrow
A HEART attack can happen to anyone, anywhere, at any time. How do you know if you're at risk of having one? What's the sign in your eyes that could signal the deadly condition?
Dr. Matija Snuderl, neuropathologist and molecular pathologist at New York University Langone Health, was featured ina recent article appearing inNature (March 26, 2020, Vol 579, p S14-S16). The article, which addresses the use of artificial intelligence (AI) in cancer diagnostics, opens with Dr. Snuderl experiencing a moment that many of us neuropathologists have had wherein we hesitate before signing out a case because of a feeling that something might be just a bit different about a particular specimen. That feeling prompts us to do something else (run more ancillary testing, get a consult, sleep on it and ta...
Across California, thousands of families are now forced to care for severely disabled loved ones at home, including some with serious autism.
Publication date: Available online 4 April 2020Source: American Journal of OtolaryngologyAuthor(s): Habib G. Zalzal, Kristin Davis, Michele M. Carr, Steven Coutras
This study delves into the mechanisms by which a short period of fasting can accelerate wound healing. Fasting triggers many of the same cellular stress responses, such as upregulated autophagy, as occur during the practice of calorie restriction. It isn't exactly the same, however, so it is always worth asking whether any specific biochemistry observed in either case does in fact occur in both situations. In particular, the period of refeeding following fasting appears to have beneficial effects that are distinct from those that occur while food is restricted. Multiple forms of therapeutic fasting have been repor...