Anatomical Variations of Vertebrobasilar Artery are Closely Related to the Occurrence of Vertebral Artery Dissection —An MR Angiography Study

This study enrolled 43 patients with VA dissection, and 63 age- and sex-matched healthy subjects were used as the controls. MRA was employed to evaluate the presence of dominant VA and the lateral shift of vertebrobasilar junction in both groups.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research

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Written by Meyers, edits by SmithA 50-ish year old man was working construction when he suddenly collapsed. Coworkers started CPR within 1 minute of collapse. EMS arrived within 10 minutes and continued CPR and ACLS, noting alternating asystole and sinus bradycardia during rhythm checks. He received various ACLS medications and arrived at the ED with a perfusing rhythm.Initial vitals included heart rate around 100 bpm and BP 174/96. Here is his initial ECG, very soon after ROSC:What do you think?Sinus tachycardia.  There is incomplete RBBB (QRS duration less than 120 ms).  There is diffuse STD, maximal in V4-V5 a...
Source: Dr. Smith's ECG Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
ConclusionPICAD with ischemic stroke is likely under-diagnosed due to the following reasons; 1) patients present with neurological deficits that are non-specific and mild, 2) DSA, which is a gold standard of diagnosing PICAD is not regularly performed in these patients, 3) lack of predisposing factors associated with PICAD in some patients. The mild and non-specific clinical presentation in young adults with PICAD with ischemia probably due to their ability to compensate better given low incidences of other comorbidities. Further investigation regarding the underlying etiology of isolated PICAD, association of proximal PIC...
Source: Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur results demonstrate that treatment of intracranial aneurysms with the Neuroform Atlas stent is associated with low morbidity and a high aneurysm occlusion rate at mid-term follow-up. Further studies will be necessary to confirm our results.
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: LDS is characterized by genetic and clinical variability. Our report suggests that this genetically-determined connective tissue disorder is probably underestimated, as it might firstly show up with cerebrovascular events, although mild systemic manifestations. These findings could lead to identify people at risk of severe vascular complications (i.e., through genetic consult on asymptomatic relatives), in order to perform adequate vascular assessments and follow-up to prevent complications such as stroke. PMID: 31326520 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: European Journal of Medical Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Eur J Med Genet Source Type: research
ConclusionPICAD with ischemic stroke is likely under-diagnosed due to the following reasons; 1) patients present with neurological deficits that are non-specific and mild, 2) DSA, which is a gold standard of diagnosing PICAD is not regularly performed in these patients, 3) lack of predisposing factors associated with PICAD in some patients. The mild and non-specific clinical presentation in young adults with PICAD with ischemia probably due to their ability to compensate better given low incidences of other comorbidities. Further investigation regarding the underlying etiology of isolated PICAD, association of proximal PIC...
Source: Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe current study describes rare cases of SAH accompanied by ischemic stroke secondary to ET along with a review of the current literature, implying specific mechanisms for cerebral artery disorders associated withJAK2 V617F mutation.
Source: Journal of Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Shanshan Zhang1, Dongli Yuan2 and Ge Tan1* 1Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China 2The Institute of Medical Information, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China Primary systemic vasculitis can affect every structure in both the central and peripheral nervous system, causing varied neurological manifestations of neurological dysfunction. Early recognition of the underlying causes of the neurological symptoms can facilitate timely treatment and improve the prognosis. This review highlights the clinical manifestations of primary systemic vasc...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundAlkaline phosphatase (ALP) has been implicated to be associated with poor outcome in ischemic stroke patients, yet its role in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) patients is unknown. The current study aimed to investigate the on-admission and short-term variation trend of ALP levels in aSAH patients as well as its associations with vasospasm, delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI), and outcome after aSAH.MethodsBetween January 2014 and May 2018, all consecutive aSAH patients were prospectively enrolled. Blood samples from patients and 78 healthy individuals were obtained. Baseline information, clinical da...
Source: Neurocritical Care - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Embolism associated with asymptomatic carotid stenosis shows circadian variation with highest rates 4–6 h before midday. This corresponds with peak circadian incidence of stroke and other vascular complications. These and ASED Study results show that monitoring frequency, duration, and time of day are important in ES detection. Introduction Transcranial Doppler (TCD) detected microembolism in the ipsilateral middle cerebral artery (MCA) may help stratify the risk of stroke and other arterial disease complications in persons with advanced (≥60%) asymptomatic carotid stenosis. If so, this techniqu...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionsWe proposed the embolism or hemodynamic changes of the border zone arterioles as a unifying pathogenetic hypothesis of coexisting c-SAH and AIS.
Source: Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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