Female answer specificity to male drumming calls in three closely related species of the stonefly genus Zwicknia (Plecoptera: Capniidae)

This study examines the rate of female answers to conspecific versus heterospecific male vibratory calls in three, closely related stonefly species:Zwicknia bifrons,Z. acuta andZ. rupprechti. In a previous study those three species were recognised on the basis of their distinct male drumming calls along with differences in genital morphology and genetic divergence. During this study no ‐choice playback experiments using original male call samples from each species were performed, and the answer rate of females to conspecific and heterospecific signal variants was measured. Mixed effect logistic regression models were used to test if male call species identity had a statistically significant effect on female answer probability. Females answered conspecific male calls with significantly higher probability than heterospecific calls in all the three examined species, suggesting that the divergence of vibrational communication can be an important component of the prezygotic iso lation between them. Low, but well detectable responsiveness to heterospecific calls was observable betweenZ. bifrons andZ. acuta, the two species closest to each other regarding mitochondrial genetic divergence and male call pattern similarity. Thus, our results are most congruent with a tight, gradual coevolution of male calls and female preferences.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved
Source: Insect Science - Category: Biology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

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