Predicting and resolving non-completion in higher (online) education – A literature review
Publication date: Available online 28 January 2020Source: Educational Research ReviewAuthor(s): Laurie, E.C. Delnoij, Kim, J.H. Dirkx, José, P.W. Janssen, Rob, L. MartensAbstractNon-completion in higher education is a persistent problem and even worse of a problem in higher online education. Although there is a lot of research on predictors of non-completion, less is known about what interventions resolve the non-completion problem and to what extent these interventions focus on relevant predictors of non-completion. To close that gap, the literature was systematically reviewed with a twofold aim: 1. Identify modifiable predictors of non-completion in higher (online) education 2. Investigate characteristics of effective interventions to reduce non-completion in higher (online) education. Results showed that study- or learning strategies, academic self-efficacy, (academic) goals and intentions, institutional or college adjustment, employment, supportive network, and faculty-student interaction are modifiable consistent predictors of non-completion. Coaching, remedial teaching, and peer mentoring are promising interventions to resolve the problem of non-completion in higher education. Interventions aimed at increasing completion rates are limited in targeting relevant modifiable predictors of non-completion.
CONCLUSION: Prevalence of antibiotic use was high not only versus other hospitals in the region but globally including Africa, coupled with significant evidence of sub-optimal prescribing. Swift action is needed to improve future prescribing to reduce AMR. One or two areas should initially be targeted for quality improvement including development of local guidelines, documentation of antibiotic indications and/or stop/review dates. PMID: 33034234 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Rombauts A, Abelenda-Alonso G, Cuervo G, Gudiol C, Carratalà J Abstract INTRODUCTION: Despite adequate antibiotic coverage, community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) remains a leading cause of hospitalization and mortality worldwide. It induces both a local pulmonary and a systemic inflammatory response, particularly significant in severe cases. The intensity of the dysregulated host response varies from patient to patient and has a negative impact on survival and other outcomes. AREAS COVERED: This comprehensive review summarizes the pathophysiological aspects of the inflammatory response in CAP, brie...
Authors: Hammerschlag MR, Sharma R Abstract INTRODUCTION: Azithromycin was recommended as the first-line therapeutic regimen for treatment of genital infections in men and women by the Centers for Disease Control in 1998. A series of studies of azithromycin for treatment of rectal chlamydial infection in men who have sex with men (MSM) found that azithromycin was significantly less effective than doxycycline. AREAS COVERED: Literature on treatment of rectal C. trachomatis from 2000 through May 2020 was searched using PubMed. Retrospective and observational studies were identified documenting the frequency and t...
Authors: Reissier S, Cattoir V Abstract INTRODUCTION: Streptogramins (pristinamycin and quinupristin-dalfopristin) can be interesting options for the treatment of infections due to Gram-positive cocci, especially multidrug-resistant isolates. AREAS COVERED: This review provides an updated overview on structural and activity characteristics, mechanisms of action and resistance, pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic and clinical use of streptogramins. EXPERT OPINION: The streptogramin antibiotics act by inhibition of the bacterial protein synthesis. They are composed of two chemically distinct compounds, namely typ...
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