Complications, morbidity and mortality of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is an increasingly recognized public health problem, affecting up to a quarter of the world's adult population. The burden of NAFLD is influenced by the epidemics of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and the prevalence of these conditions is not expected to decrease in the forthcoming decades. Consequently, the burden of NAFLD-related liver complications (non-alcoholic steatohepatitis [NASH], cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma) and the need for life-saving liver transplantation are also expected to increase further in the near future.
AbstractTo evaluate the efficacy of selective retina therapy (SRT) in patients with diabetic macular edema (DME) based on pretreatment central foveal thickness (CFT). Seventy-two eyes of 63 patients with DME who had previously undergone SRT were included. Patients were divided into two groups based on the CFT at baseline. Group 1 was composed of 35 eyes with CFT
AbstractThe use of photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) in the prevention of oral mucositis (OM) in paediatric care has increased. In this article, we report data of paediatric oncology/haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) patients treated with PBMT to prevent chemotherapy-induced OM. A retrospective study was conducted at a Brazilian referral service. Prophylactic PBMT was used in children and adolescents ( ≤ 17 years) following the protocol: InGaAIP, 660 nm, 100 mW, 2 J, 3.33 W/cm2, and 20 s per point. Demographic data and OM severity scores were assessed. A regression model tested the association between OM w...
CONCLUSIONS: The transplanted donor's lungs were not influenced by indium in the recipient's organs. Bilateral LT is thus an effective treatment option in severe indium lung disease cases. PMID: 32951288 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Furaz Czerpak K, Gruss Vergara E, Barril Cuadrado G, Pérez Fernández E, Benavides N, de la Flor J, Mendez Á, Martín R Abstract INTRODUCTION: Hypertension is very common in haemodialysis (HD) patients, and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality rates. The goals of our research were to: 1. Measure blood pressure (BP) during HD sessions; 2. Study BP in between HD sessions with 44-hour Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring (ABPM); 3. Identify differences between the BP recorded during HD and with the ABPM; 4. Evaluate changes in treatment after the ABPM; 5. Perform bioi...
(Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University) The kidneys often become bulky and dysfunctional in diabetes, and now scientists have found that one path to this damage dramatically reduces the kidney's ability to clean up after itself.
(Pennington Biomedical Research Center) More than 18 percent of US adults do not know whether they will have enough to eat from day to day, and the numbers are worse for Hispanics, Blacks, people with obesity, and women, a new report shows.
Contributors : Jiyan Zhang ; Jian LiuSeries Type : Expression profiling by arrayOrganism : Homo sapiensSMMC-7721 single clones stably expressing control shRNA or ETFA shRNAs 1# and 2# were generated and subjected to microarray.
Abstract A 67-year-old male diabetic patient with systemic arterial hypertension was admitted to the emergency department with a necrotic ulcer in the left external malleolus and no palpable popliteal or pedal pulses. Arterial Duplex ultrasound identified femoropopliteal occlusion, with popliteal refilling below the knee and a patent peroneal artery. An endovascular procedure was performed, requiring retrograde access to the popliteal artery to re-establish blood flow and deploy a popliteal stent. Technical success was achieved and the patient underwent debridement of the wound. Two days later, about 48 hours after the ope...
As the epidemics of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus increase worldwide, the prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is increasing proportionately. The subtype of NAFLD which can be characterized as non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a potentially progressive liver disease that can lead to cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, liver transplantation, and death; it is associated with extrahepatic manifestations such as chronic kidney disease cardiovascular disease and sleep apnea.
As the epidemics of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus increase worldwide, the prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is increasing proportionately. The subtype of NAFLD which can be characterised as non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a potentially progressive liver disease that can lead to cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, liver transplantation, and death. NAFLD is also associated with extrahepatic manifestations such as chronic kidney disease, cardiovascular disease and sleep apnoea.
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