Variation in the classification of hyperglycaemia in pregnancy and its implication

Publication date: Available online 28 January 2020Source: The Lancet Diabetes &EndocrinologyAuthor(s): Yashdeep Gupta, Alpesh Goyal, Sanjay Kalra, Nikhil Tandon
Source: The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

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When should parathyroidectomy be considered during pregnancy? Is it safe to perform during the first trimester?Journal of the Endocrine Society
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Diabetes & Endocrinology Journal Article Source Type: news
Conclusion: Severe acute pancreatitis during pregnancy leads to a high rate of fetal mortality.Gestational trimester, delayed diagnosis, HTG, MOF, gestational diabetes mellitus, and preeclampsia are predictors of fetal loss. Therefore, close monitoring is essential for pregnancies complicated with HTG, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension. PMID: 32249649 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Postgraduate Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Postgrad Med Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeTo explore the effect of nighttime sleep duration and midday napping in early pregnancy on gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) among Chinese women.MethodsInformation on midday napping and nighttime sleep duration was assessed by a questionnaire. Diagnostic information of GDM was derived from the routine oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) during the second trimester of pregnancy.ResultsA total of 500 pregnant women, including 196 patients with GDM and 304 controls, were included in the present study. In the case group, 47% of women took a midday nap>  1 h/day, and the proportion was 22% in the ...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
AbstractLois Jovanovi č (1947–2018) was a trailblazing and relentless clinical endocrinologist and researcher whose innovative approaches to diabetes and pregnancy changed the lives of thousands of women and their babies. Of her many accomplishments, she is best known for devising the diabetes and pregnancy protocols of intensive insulin delivery and glucose control that have made it possible for thousands of women with diabetes to deliver healthy babies and for pioneering the use of insulin analogues in pregnancy. Her research also paved the way for the development of the artificial pancreas. This biographical port...
Source: Acta Diabetologica - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
In effort to reduce sugar consumption to prevent diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases, “sugar-free” or “no added sugar” products that substitute sugar with non-nutritive sweeteners (NNS e.g. Splenda, Sweet N’ Low, Stevia, etc.) have become increasingly popular. The use of these products during pregnancy has also increased with ∼30% of pregnant women reporting intentional c onsumption of NNS. In clinical studies with non-pregnant participants and animal models, NNS were shown to alter gut hormonal secretion, glucose absorption, appetite, kidney function, in vitro insulin secretion,...
Source: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Original Research: Obstetrics Source Type: research
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a common complication of pregnancy associated with significant maternal and neonatal morbidities, including increased risk of pre-eclampsia, macrosomia, and subsequent type 2 diabetes.[1] In most developed countries, universal glucose testing is performed at 24-28 weeks ’ gestation to identify women with overt glucose intolerance.[2] Ideally, women at high risk of developing GDM would be identified earlier in pregnancy to facilitate preventive intervention, enhance antenatal care, and improve clinical outcomes through reduced maternal and fetal exposure to metabo lic alterations...
Source: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The fetal lungs associated with GDM/PE and gestational age could be distinguished by ultrasound-based radiomics technology. This supports further research to explore the use of this technology to predict neonatal respiratory complications in women with PE, GDM or their combination. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 32250510 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Ultrasound Review of Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
AbstractMany crucial cardiovascular adaptations occur in the body during pregnancy to ensure successful gestation. Maladaptation of the cardiovascular system during pregnancy can lead to complications that promote cardiac dysfunction and may lead to heart failure (HF). About 12% of pregnancy-related deaths in the USA have been attributed to HF and the detrimental effects of cardiovascular complications on the heart can be long-lasting, pre-disposing the mother to HF later in life. Indeed, cardiovascular complications such as gestational diabetes mellitus, preeclampsia, gestational hypertension, and peripartum cardiomyopath...
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Abstract OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Migraine is associated with ischemic stroke. Women are 3-fold as likely as men to have migraine, and high estrogen states increase the risk of migraine with aura (MWA), venous thromboembolism (VTE), and of stroke. We review the epidemiological and mechanistic evidence of the migraine-stroke relationship and its risk factors, with a focus on women and conditions that exclusively or predominantly affect them.  METHODS: We performed a search of MEDLINE/PubMed database, then a narrative review of the epidemiological evidence of the migraine-stroke relationship as...
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This study aimed to evaluate the association between both LBW and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) with IGT in adolescents. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Total of 536 subjects from Tanjungsari Cohort Study were included in this study. Subjects were in their early adolescence age (12-14 years). Anthropometric data were collected and IGT was determined by using 2- hour postprandial plasma glucose level, then it was assessed based on their birth weight and intrauterine nutritional status. RESULTS: Subjects with LBW history were shorter, had lower body weight and body mass index (p
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research
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