Diagnosis and treatment of heart failure with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction.

Diagnosis and treatment of heart failure with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction. World J Cardiol. 2020 Jan 26;12(1):7-25 Authors: Henning RJ Abstract Nearly six million people in United States have heart failure. Fifty percent of these people have normal left ventricular (LV) systolic heart function but abnormal diastolic function due to increased LV myocardial stiffness. Most commonly, these patients are elderly women with hypertension, ischemic heart disease, atrial fibrillation, obesity, diabetes mellitus, renal disease, or obstructive lung disease. The annual mortality rate of these patients is 8%-12% per year. The diagnosis is based on the history, physical examination, laboratory data, echocardiography, and, when necessary, by cardiac catheterization. Patients with obesity, hypertension, atrial fibrillation, and volume overload require weight reduction, an exercise program, aggressive control of blood pressure and heart rate, and diuretics. Miniature devices inserted into patients for pulmonary artery pressure monitoring provide early warning of increased pulmonary pressure and congestion. If significant coronary heart disease is present, coronary revascularization should be considered. PMID: 31984124 [PubMed]
Source: World Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: World J Cardiol Source Type: research

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