Effort While Walking is Higher Among Obese and Older Women Effort While Walking is Higher Among Obese and Older Women

A new study found that women who were obese or older walked with greater relative effort compared with healthy-weight and younger women. What may account for these differences?Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Orthopaedics Journal Article Source Type: news

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ABSTRACT: Introduction: In high-income countries, persons of high socioeconomic status (SES) have a lower cardiovascular risk. However, in middle and low-income countries, the results are controversial. Objective: To evaluate the association between family income and cardiovascular risk factors in young adults. Methods: A total of 2,063 individuals of a birth cohort initiated in 1978/79 in the city of Ribeir ão Preto, Brazil, were evaluated at age of 23/25 years. Cardiovascular risk factors (hypertension, sedentary lifestyle, smoking, low high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol, high low-density lipoprotein (LDL)...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Age group, sex, household per capita income, and body mass index status were associated with SSB intake.RESUMO: Introdu ção: A ingestão de bebidas açucaradas varia de acordo com as características da população. Objetivos: Investigar o consumo de bebidas açucaradas e os fatores demográficos, socioeconômicos e de estilo de vida associados ao seu consumo em adolescentes, adultos e idosos residentes em São Paulo. Métodos: Foram utilizados dados do Inquérito de Saúde de São Paulo, estudo transversal de base popula...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: The question of whether there is daytime time variation in diet-induced thermogenesis (DIT) has not been clearly answered. Moreover, it is unclear whether a potential diurnal variation in DIT is preserved during hypocaloric nutrition. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that DIT varies depending on the time of day and explored whether this physiological regulation is preserved after low-calorie compared with high-calorie intake. DESIGN: Under blinded conditions, 16 normal-weight men twice underwent a 3-day in-laboratory, randomized, crossover study. Volunteers consumed a predetermined low-cal...
Source: The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: J Clin Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research
We report outcomes of our initial experience with LP in 38 children from 2 months of age. Materials and Methods From June 2015 to December 2017 38 children aged 2-60 months (mean age 1.7 years) underwent LP for correction of PUJ obstruction. The mean pre operative anteroposterior diameter of the renal pelvis (APD) was 43,5mm and all patients had hydronephrosis (APD 21.4-76 mm) and obstructed curve on diuretic renogram. Anderson-Hynes pyeloplasty was the performed technique. Results are reported. Results Mean operative time was 107 minutes (70-180) with no conversion to open procedure. Pain control was needed mainly in the ...
Source: International Braz J Urol - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Conclusions: In the search for more effective and less invasive therapies to help reverse the global acceleration of obesity and obesity-related disease OEA is a promising candidate; however, our data indicate that it is not an underlying mechanism of the effectiveness of VSG.
Source: Annals of Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research
AJ Gunn, M.D. graduated magna cum laude from Brigham Young University in Provo, UT, earning a BS in exercise physiology with a minor in sociology. He then returned home to South Dakota to attend medical school at the University of South Dakota. During medical school, he participated in the competitive Howard Hughes Medical Institute – National Institutes of Health Research Scholars Program and was awarded the Donald L. Alcott, M.D. Award for Clinical Promise. He graduated summa cum laude in 2009. He completed his diagnostic radiology residency at the Massachusetts General Hospital of Harvard Medical School in Boston,...
Source: radRounds - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSION: MS is beneficial where the main aim is to attain a significant and long-lasting weight loss results. The RCTs have depicted the superiority which surgical mechanisms hold over medically based therapy, for enhancing glycaemic control, and achieving remission of diabetes. This type of surgery improves life quality, reduces incidences of other obesity and diabetes relating diseases like microvascular illness, sleep apnea, fatal disorder, and fatty liver disease. PMID: 32077829 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 February 2020Source: Social Science &MedicineAuthor(s): Lucio Esposito, Adrián Villaseñor, Enrique Cuevas Rodríguez, Christopher MillettAbstractDespite the vast literature on the economic gradient of obesity, no study investigates the independent predictive roles of absolute and relative standards of living using a large nationally representative adult sample. This gap limits our ability to discern ‘material’ and ‘psychosocial’ pathways to obesity as well as our understanding of the role played by economic inequality in the growing obesi...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Adults living in rural areas are at greater risk of becoming overweight and obese due to health care disparities. A pre-/postmatched cohort design was used to evaluate a brief weight-loss counseling intervention, Ten Top Tips (10TT), in a rural primary care setting. The rank sum scores for total weight-loss behaviors and the subscales for dietary changes, self-monitoring, physical activity, and psychological coping taken before and 12 weeks after the intervention differed significantly (P = .0001). Ten Top Tips offers rural community clinics an effective weight-loss intervention.
Source: Family and Community Health - Category: Primary Care Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
An obesity preventive intervention program for preschool families, Healthy Balance, was tested in 2 sequential pilot trials. The first pilot tested the original and translated group intervention in a heterogeneous population (65 families), and the second tested the feasibility of a culturally adapted version for Latinx immigrant families (27 families). No significant study 1 intervention effects were found. However, in study 2, there were significant improvements in parent body mass index, neck circumference, and blood pressure. These studies suggest that targeting family system change and tailoring the intervention for La...
Source: Family and Community Health - Category: Primary Care Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
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