Direct oral anticoagulants for thromboprophylaxis in ambulatory patients with cancer.

Direct oral anticoagulants for thromboprophylaxis in ambulatory patients with cancer. Hematology. 2020 Dec;25(1):63-70 Authors: Wang Y, Wang M, Ni Y, Liang Z Abstract Background: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a common complication in cancer patients. We aim to evaluate the effect and safety of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) as primary prophylaxis in ambulatory cancer patients.Methods: We conducted a literature search in PubMed, EMBASE and ClinicalTrials for studies that evaluated DOACs for thromboprophylaxis in cancer patients. RevMan 5.3 software was used for this meta-analysis.Results: Three randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with a total of 1465 patients were pooled in the meta-analysis. DOACs significantly reduced the symptomatic VTE incidence during intervention period (RR 0.23, CI 0.11-0.47, P
Source: Hematology - Category: Hematology Tags: Hematology Source Type: research

Related Links:

Abstract In this concise review, we discuss some common clinical challenges in the management of patients with cancer-associated venous thromboembolism (VTE), a frequent complication in patients with cancer that increases morbidity and mortality. While direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) have been established in clinical practice for anticoagulation in patients with VTE without cancer, their efficacy and safety in patients with cancer have not been assessed in randomized controlled trials until recently. The choice of the appropriate anticoagulant agent in the era of DOACs to treat patients with cancer-associated V...
Source: Hamostaseologie - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Hamostaseologie Source Type: research
This article reviews results from preclinical and healthy volunteer studies that illustrate the noteworthy properties of apixaban such as a proportional dose-response relationship, low daily fluctuation in plasma concentrations, and safety over a 10-fold dosing range. Additionally, the large phase III trials evaluating the safety and efficacy of apixaban compared to low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) overlapped with and followed by vitamin K antagonist (VKA) warfarin for the treatment and secondary prevention of VTE will be discussed. The key studies that have led to apixaban's current licensing and use will be highlighte...
Source: Expert Review of Hematology - Category: Hematology Tags: Expert Rev Hematol Source Type: research
Abstract Anticoagulation therapy is recommended for preventing, treating, and reducing the recurrence of venous thromboembolism, and preventing stroke in persons with atrial fibrillation. Direct oral anticoagulants are first-line agents for eligible patients for treating venous thromboembolism and preventing stroke in those with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation. Vitamin K antagonists are recommended for patients with mechanical valves and valvular atrial fibrillation. Vitamin K antagonists inhibit the production of vitamin K-related factors and require a minimum of five days overlap with parenteral anticoagulants, ...
Source: American Family Physician - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Am Fam Physician Source Type: research
Researchers have spent many years developing improved medical treatments for pulmonary embolism (PE), such as development of the direct oral anticoagulants, outpatient management of PE and optimization of treatments for cancer-associated PE. Much of this research has focused on reducing venous thrombotic recurrence and reducing bleeding complications, with success measured in terms of absolute risk reduction. Evidence-based medicine assumes that reduction in a measurable untoward outcome translates into improved patient-centered care.
Source: Thrombosis Research - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
Semin Thromb Hemost DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1693474Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a common complication of cancer occurring in up to one-fifth of cancer patients. The risk of VTE, which includes deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), is increased up to seven-fold in patients with cancer. While the indications and contraindications to treatment for VTE patients with cancer parallel to those patients without cancer, the treatment of VTE is challenging for cancer patients who are three-fold more likely to have VTE recurrence than patients without cancer and who are also at increased risk of bleeding. While ant...
Source: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Abstract Diagnosis of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) requires a multifaceted approach that includes clinical assessment, evaluation of pre-test probability, and objective diagnostic testing. Common symptoms and signs of DVT are pain, swelling, erythema and dilated veins in the affected limb. The pre-test probability of DVT can be assessed using a clinical decision rule that stratifies DVT into "unlikely" or "likely". If DVT is "unlikely", refer for D-dimer test. If the D-dimer level is normal, DVT can be excluded; if the D-dimer level is increased, refer for compression ultrasound. If DVT...
Source: Med J Aust - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Med J Aust Source Type: research
Abstract Virchow's triad has been known for a 100 years. The development of therapeutic possibilities during this time was enormous. Today anticoagulant therapy is much more differentiated. Four new oral substances have replaced the traditional treatment with vitamin K antagonists in angiology. A standardized dosage is available. The monitoring of the coagulation parameters is no longer necessary, but it is important to monitor renal function. Direct oral anticoagulants are approved for the treatment of venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, but not during pregnancy or in children. Severe bleedin...
Source: Hamostaseologie - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Internist (Berl) Source Type: research
Conclusions: There was no difference in the safety and efficacy profile of rivaroxaban compared with dalteparin. Therefore, rivaroxaban may be a valuable treatment option for lung cancer-associated VTE.Respiration
Source: Respiration - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Roser Calvo* Patient Safety, Safety Science, AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals, Gaithersburg, MD, United States Immune-related hematological adverse events are amongst the rare but potentially life-threatening complications of immune checkpoint inhibitors. The spectrum of these toxicities is broadening as the number of patients exposed to these agents is increasing. Yet, they are still relatively unknown to many clinicians, possibly due to a lack of specific diagnostic criteria, which poses a challenge for their recognition and proper reporting, and partly due to their low incidence, often too low to be noted in most c...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe anticoagulation strategies for various cardiac-specific pathologies including atrial fibrillation are changing. Applying these strategies in patients with concomitant active cancer requires additional considerations. Here, we review the most recent changes in the anticoagulation management of common cardiac diseases and their application in cancer patients.Recent FindingsThere are a range of indications for therapeutic anticoagulation in cancer patients including venous thromboembolism (VTE), atrial fibrillation/flutter (AF/AFL), prosthetic heart valves, and intracardiac thrombi. Certain cancer...
Source: Current Oncology Reports - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
More News: Bleeding | Cancer | Cancer & Oncology | Hematology | Oral Cancer | Pulmonary Thromboembolism | Study | Thrombosis