Predicting Upstaging of DCIS to Invasive Disease: Radiologists's Predictive Performance

ConclusionRadiologists were able to predict invasive disease better than chance, particularly for smaller DCIS lesions (
Source: Academic Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research

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Conclusion: We improved the prediction performance of DCIS upstaging by embedding two related pathology classes in different training phases. Significance: The three new strategies of embedding related class data all outperformed the baseline model, thus demonstrating not only feature similarities among these different classes, but also the potential for improving classification by using other related classes.
Source: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering - Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research
We present a rare case of Paget disease of the nipple without the typical characteristics, detected by simple nipple scraping technique. A 62-year-old woman presented with a small fissure on the left nipple with scant clear nippledischarge. There were no other changes to the nipple-areola complex. The mammography and ultrasound were unremarkable. However, nipplescraping provided the immediate cytological diagnosis of Paget disease. Breast MRI with core biopsy showed high grade ductal carcinoma in situwith suggestion of microinvasion, confirmed histologically after mastectomy. Nipple scraping is a simple and inexpensive tec...
Source: Dermatology Online Journal - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
A 45-year-old, previously healthy woman presented to our institution for left breast pain. A couple of years before presentation, she neglected a small, superficial breast mass. Recently, she reported a rapid increase in the size of the mass with severe pain. On physical examination, a huge, ulcerated, foul-smelling, oozing tumor occupied the entire left breast (Fig 1). Mammography was not an option owing to its size. Therefore, a chest radiograph was done, which revealed a large mass projecting over the left hemithorax, obscuring the left lung.
Source: Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
If you dread your annual mammogram, you’re not alone. For many women, this breast cancer screening examination can be painful, stressful, and just an overall hassle. You may wonder, are you old enough to give it up? If you’re over age 75, the answer is: maybe or maybe not. The fact is, breast cancer screening isn’t right for all older adults, but there’s no expert consensus on the right age to stop. This is mostly because scientific evidence in this area is lacking, says Dr. Kathryn Rexrode, associate professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School and chief of the Division of Women’s Health a...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Breast Cancer Healthy Aging Managing your health care Screening Women's Health Source Type: blogs
Getting the news that you have cancer is overwhelming and frightening. The COVID-19 crisis adds another layer of anxiety. But know this: you can protect yourself from COVID-19 without compromising your cancer treatment. Don’t panic. In the vast majority of cases, a diagnosis of cancer is not an emergency even though it feels like one. There is time to learn about your options and sort out what is right for you. For now, there will be changes to how we do things. Some of the changes will feel disruptive, but many will lead to better, more patient-centered care. Minimizing your chances of exposure to the virus doesn&rs...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 Source Type: news
AbstractPurposeBRCA2 mutation carriers are offered annual breast screening with MRI and mammography. The aim of this study was to investigate the supplemental value of mammographic screening over MRI screening alone.MethodsIn this multicenter study, proven BRCA2 mutation carriers, who developed breast cancer during screening using both digital mammography and state-of-art breast MRI, were identified. Clinical data were reviewed to classify cases in screen-detected and interval cancers. Imaging was reviewed to assess the diagnostic value of mammography and MRI, using the Breast Imaging and Data System (BI-RADS) classificati...
Source: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
AbstractIntroductionBreast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed female cancer. Diagnosis in younger women (under 35  years) is different to their older counterparts, and mammography is not considered as sensitive in this cohort. Consequentially, younger patients may present later with more advanced disease.MethodsThis is a retrospective analysis of a prospectively updated database containing consecutive patients who presented to the symptomatic breast unit of Galway University Hospital between 2009 and 2015. Patient clinicopathologic factors, clinical examination features, diagnostic radiological modalities and Bi-RA...
Source: Irish Journal of Medical Science - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionAfter a percutaneous biopsy diagnosis of ADH, malignancy can be ruled out in most of the cases, if no suspicious enhancement is present in the biopsy area at DCE-MRI. Breast DCE-MRI may be used to avoid surgery in more than half of the patients with final benign diagnosis.Key Points• Breast DCE-MRI can safely rule out malignancy if no suspicious enhancement is present in the biopsy area after a percutaneous biopsy diagnosis of ADH.• All cases of upgrade to high-grade DCIS and invasive cancers can be identified at breast DCE-MRI after a percutaneous biopsy diagnosis of ADH.• Breast DCE-MRI may be us...
Source: European Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Gaetano Magro Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) shows overlapping epidemiology with invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast, sharing similar risk factorssuch as age, mammographic density, family history, and hormonal therapy as well as genetic factors such as BRCA1/BRCA2, histotypes, and molecular subtypes such as luminal A and B, HER2 enriched, and basal-type, thus suggesting its potential precursor role. A small percentage of patients with a history of DCIS die without a documented intermediate diagnosis of invasive breast carcinoma (IBC). The increased risk of death is usually associated with ipsilateral recurrence...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Abstract We aimed to evaluate the surgical margin outcomes and re-excision rates in patients undergoing bracketed seed localization of biopsy-proven breast cancer detected on screening mammogram. After approval by our Institutional Review Board, we retrospectively identified patients who had undergone iodine-125 seed localized lumpectomy at our institution from January 2010 to June 2017 by one of two fellowship-trained breast surgeons. Of those patients, a subset of 25 patients were identified who had undergone bracketed seed localization, defined as two or more seeds used to delineate the radiographic borders of ...
Source: The American Surgeon - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Am Surg Source Type: research
More News: Academia | Breast Carcinoma | Cancer & Oncology | Carcinoma | Carcinoma in Situ | DCIS (Ductal Carcinoma in Situ) | Ductal Carcinoma | Mammography | Pathology | Radiology | Study