Metformin and trimetazidine ameliorate diabetes-induced cognitive impediment in status epileptic rats

In conclusion, the current study shed light on the potential neuroprotective role of metformin and trimetazidine in the amelioration of cognitive function via hindering inflammatory processes in diabetic epileptic rats.Graphical abstractDiagram illustrating alterations in the hippocampus induced in diabetic epileptic rats. DAP, death-associated protein; ATP/ADP, ratio of adenosine triphosphate and adenosine diphosphate; mTOR, mammalian target of rapamycin; Casp-3, caspase-3; TNF-α, tumor necrosis factor-α; IL-1β, interleukin-1β; NF-κB, nuclear factor-κB; IGF-1, insulin growth factor 1.
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 18 February 2020Source: Food HydrocolloidsAuthor(s): Xiaqing Wu, Guowen Zhang, Mingming Hu, Junhui Pan, Ang Li, Ying ZhangAbstractAs one of the most reactive dicarbonyl compounds, methylglyoxal (MGO) can react with protein to form advanced glycation end products (AGEs), then promoting the development of diabetic complications. Hence, it is significant for preventing protein glycation mediated by MGO. Here, the anti-glycation potential and mechanism of gallocatechin gallate (GCG) as an active ingredient of green tea were investigated. It was found that GCG exhibit good scavenging activitie...
Source: Food Hydrocolloids - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Conclusion: Caregivers in the FamTechCare group reported benefit across all priority challenges including managing dementia behaviors, understanding disease expectations, and performing activity of daily living care.Clinical Implications: Innovative technology provides new opportunities to support family caregivers in dementia home care. Video-recording can be used to enhance support for family caregivers facing care challenges. PMID: 32072866 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Gerontologist - Category: Geriatrics Tags: Clin Gerontol Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe combination of rs-fMRI and EEG/iEEG can reveal more information about dynamic functional connectivity. However, simultaneous fMRI and EEG data acquisition present challenges. We have proposed system models for leveraging and processing independently acquired fMRI and EEG data.
Source: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine - Category: Bioinformatics Source Type: research
Authors: Warmbrunn MV, Herrema H, Aron-Wisnewsky J, Soeters MR, Van Raalte DH, Nieuwdorp M Abstract Introduction: Cardiometabolic diseases (CMD) are a group of interrelated disorders such as metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases (CVD). As the prevalence of these diseases increases globally, efficient new strategies are necessary to target CMD and modifiable risk factors. In the past decade, evidence has accumulated regarding the influence of gut microbiota (GM) on CMD, providing new targets for therapeutic interventions.Areas covered: This narrative review discusses the pathophysi...
Source: Expert Review of Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Expert Rev Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research
This study aims to investigate the gamma and neutron attenuation properties of several OAD (oral anti-diabetic drugs) samples. Our sample consists of seven different OAD films with different elemental compositions. The data were evaluated with Monte Carlo (MATLAB, WinX) techniques by SEM (Scanning electron microscopy) and EDS (Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy) analysis. By using WinXCOM in the energy range from 0.02 MeV to 20 MeV, the mass attenuation coefficients (μ/ρ) for OAD samples are calculated. Additionally, both effective removal cross-section and effective atomic numbers (Zeff) for the sample films ...
Source: Radiation Physics and Chemistry - Category: Physics Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 February 2020Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Atefeh Mirshafa, Hamidreza Mohammadi, Mohammad Shokrzadeh, Ebrahim Mohammadi, Fereshteh Talebpour Amiri, Fatemeh ShakiAbstractAimsThe aim of this study was to elucidate the signaling pathway involved in the anti-aging effect of tropisetron and to clarify whether it affects mitochondrial oxidative stress, apoptosis and inflammation in the aging mouse brain by upregulating Sirtuin 1 or silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1).Materials and methodsAging was induced by d-galactose (DG) at the dose of 200 mg/kg body weight/day subcutaneously inje...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
In conclusion, the current study shed light on the potential neuroprotective role of metformin and trimetazidine in the amelioration of cognitive function via hindering inflammatory processes in diabetic epileptic rats. PMID: 32000097 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Epilepsy and Behaviour - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Epilepsy Behav Source Type: research
Conclusions: Lifestyle factors, such as physical activity, sleep, and social activity appear to be associated with cognitive function among older people. Physical activity and appropriate durations of sleep and conversation are important for cognitive function. Introduction Dementia is a major public health issue worldwide, with a serious burden for patients, caregivers, and society, as well as substantial economic impacts (1). Although the prevalence of late-life cognitive impairment and dementia are expected to increase in future, effective disease-modifying treatments are currently unavailable. Therefore, unders...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
This study provides a possible reason why genes carrying health risks have persisted in human populations. The second found evidence for multiple variants in genes related to ageing that exhibited antagonistic pleiotropic effects. They found higher risk allele frequencies with large effect sizes for late-onset diseases (relative to early-onset diseases) and an excess of variants with antagonistic effects expressed through early and late life diseases. There also exists other recent tangible evidence of antagonistic pleiotropy in specific human genes. The SPATA31 gene has been found under strong positive genomic sele...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Conclusion: Despite the significant burden mental disorders impose on society, investment and pharmaceutical innovation in this disease area remains comparatively low. Policymakers should consider new strategies to stimulate public and private investment in the research and development of novel and effective therapies to treat schizophrenia and other mental disorders. Introduction Over the last two decades, there have been remarkable breakthroughs in healthcare. These breakthroughs include the development of novel pharmaceutical treatments that have significantly improved outcomes for patients suffering from various medica...
Source: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Bipolar Disorder Current Issue Drug Development Mental Disorders Mood Disorders Original Research Psychiatry Psychopharmacology disease burden expenditures major depressive disorder pharmaceutical innovation research and developmen Source Type: research
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