How Digital Health Technology Can Help Manage The Coronavirus Outbreak

“Chinese health authorities say an outbreak of a pneumonia-like illness has sickened 305 people and killed five”…  No, this is not an excerpt from a recent news report about the Wuhan virus, but it is actually one from a CNN piece from 2003 when the SARS outbreak was raging. There are many similarities between the current outbreak to the SARS one from its geolocation to its spread to the viruses themselves.  However, much has changed within the 17 year gap between those two pandemics. For one, technology in the healthcare sector has known an exponential boom. New technologies that were nonexistent or poorly developed in 2003 are now more affordable and widespread and can help manage and even prevent such cases. Let’s see how this can be the case. What is the Wuhan virus? First identified in the city of Wuhan, hence the name, the Wuhan virus is a member of the family of coronaviruses which can cause mild conditions like the common cold to potentially lethal ones like the severe acute respiratory syndrome or SARS. The novel 2019-nCoV strain found in Wuhan has been found to be closely linked to those found in bats, and could have initially spread in the Huanan seafood wholesale market where live animals are sold and slaughtered. However, China has confirmed human-to-human transmission, akin to the flu, and hence its rapid spread globally. This is more so given the fact that the outbreak happened during the Lunar New Year season, wh...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Artificial Intelligence Future of Medicine digital health digital technology epidemics global health coronavirus Source Type: blogs

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Authors: Noda A, Sakai T, Obara T, Miyazaki M, Tsuchiya M, Oyanagi G, Murai Y, Mano N Abstract BACKGROUND: There are no reports on investigations of the characteristics of adverse drug reaction (ADR) reports for pediatric patients in the Japanese Adverse Drug Event Report database (JADER) and the utility of database for drug safety surveillance in these patients. METHOD: We aimed to evaluate ADR reports for pediatric patients in the JADER. We used spontaneous ADR reports included in the JADER since April 1, 2004, to December 31, 2017, which was downloaded in April 2018. In a total of 504,407 ADR reports, the nu...
Source: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: BMC Pharmacol Toxicol Source Type: research
Authors: Ambrosino I, Barbagelata E, Ortona E, Ruggieri A, Massiah G, Giannico OV, Politi C, Moretti AM Abstract In December 2019 a novel coronavirus emerged in Wuhan, China causing many cases of severe pneumonia. World Health Organization (WHO) named this disease Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). The infection has rapidly spread across China to many other countries, and on March 12, 2020 the WHO declared pandemic outbreak of COVID-19. As of May 16, 2020, COVID-19 has been diagnosed in more than 4,490,000 patients, associated to 305,976 deaths worldwide; in Italy 224,760 COVID-19 cases have been reported with 31...
Source: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Monaldi Arch Chest Dis Source Type: research
Authors: Yadav SR, Kumar R, Gupta N, Ish P, Chakrabarti S, Kumar A Abstract To the Editor Novel Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) was first notified in December 2019 from Wuhan, China. Now, it has spread rapidly and has been declared a pandemic affecting over 200 countries with widespread morbidity and mortality. It has been postulated that the most vulnerable population are the elderly, people living in crowded areas, children and immune-compromised individuals, such as people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The correlation of tuberculosis (TB), HIV and malnutrition are well documented and hence, peop...
Source: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Monaldi Arch Chest Dis Source Type: research
Authors: Asfahan S, Deokar K, Dutt N, Niwas R, Jain P, Agarwal M Abstract We used a publicly available data of 44,672 patients reported by China's centre for disease control to study the role of age, sex, co-morbidities and health-care related occupation on COVID-19 mortality. The data is in the form of absolute numbers and proportions. Using the percentages, retrospective synthetic data of 100 survivors and 100 deaths were generated using random number libraries so that proportions of ages, genders, co-morbidities, and occupations were constant as in the original data. Logistic regression of the four predictor fac...
Source: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Monaldi Arch Chest Dis Source Type: research
The interplay of Hypertension, ACE-2 and SARS-CoV-2: Emerging data as the "Ariadne's thread" for the "labyrinth" of COVID-19. Hellenic J Cardiol. 2020 May 22;: Authors: Tsioufis C, Dimitriadis K, Tousoulis D PMID: 32450334 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Tags: Hellenic J Cardiol Source Type: research
Authors: Romero Trevejo JL PMID: 32448710 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Archivos de la Sociedad Espanola de Oftalmologia - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The manifestations of COVID-19 at presentation were similar to those seen in other reports. Our population was older, slightly overrepresented by women and had a high level of co-morbidity. COVID-19 admittance was associated with frequent need of intensive care and mechanical ventilation that was associated with a very high mortality. FUNDING: none. TRIAL REGISTRATION: not relevant. PMID: 32448405 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Source: Danish Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: Dan Med J Source Type: research
The American Institute of Biological Sciences (AIBS), Biodiversity Collections Network (BCoN), Natural Science Collections Alliance (NSC Alliance), and Society for the Preservation of Natural History Collections (SPNHC) surveyed individuals affiliated with US biodiversity science collections to better understand the effects of COVID-19 related disruptions and closures on biodiversity collections, and the people who use and care for these scientific resources. The survey was conducted in April 2020. Individuals working in biodiversity collections were invited to complete a 23-question survey. No identifying information ab...
Source: Public Policy Reports - Category: Biology Authors: Source Type: news
The American Institute of Biological Sciences (AIBS) joined 30 other scientific and medical associations to express deep concerns about the revocation of a National Institutes of Health (NIH) funded research grant to study coronavirus. Last month, NIH terminated a peer-reviewed research grant awarded in June 2019 that was investigating how coronaviruses move from their natural hosts to humans. The decision came after unverified reports from U.S. lawmakers and conservative media suggested that the SARS-CoV-2 virus responsible for the COVID-19 pandemic originated in a laboratory in Wuhan, China, which employs a Chinese vir...
Source: Public Policy Reports - Category: Biology Authors: Source Type: news
The U.S. House of Representatives passed a new coronavirus relief package, The Heroes Act, on May 15, 2020. If passed by the Senate and signed by the President, this will be the fifth measure adopted by Congress to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic. The $3 trillion stimulus bill includes $1 trillion in assistance for state, local, territorial, and tribal governments; $75 billion for coronavirus testing, contact tracing, and isolation measures; emergency supplemental appropriations to federal agencies; another round of direct payments; and $200 billion for a “Heroes’ fund” to provide hazard pay for essenti...
Source: Public Policy Reports - Category: Biology Authors: Source Type: news
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