miR-221-3p Drives the Shift of M2-Macrophages to a Pro-Inflammatory Function by Suppressing JAK3/STAT3 Activation

Conclusions: miR-221-3p acts as a regulator of TLR4-induced inflammatory M2-macrophage function by directly targeting JAK3. Dysregulated miR-221-3p expression, as seen in synovium of RA patients, leads to a diminished anti-inflammatory response and drives M2-macrophages to exhibit a M1-cytokine profile.
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: AIM may serve as a novel sensitive biomarker to assist disease activity assessment and monitor therapeutic effects in active RA patients. PMID: 32194022 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Musculoskeletal disorders and symptoms occur frequently. The burden of complaints and diagnoses is comparable to previous population-based surveys. PMID: 32189044 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Most patients showed improved activity levels. Satisfaction levels were higher in young males with large femoral head size. Patients with a higher preoperative work level are expected to have a higher return to work rate. PMID: 32157914 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Hip International - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Hip Int Source Type: research
Several reports in the literature have identified an association between cortisol levels and the presence of chronic pain in conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, low back pain or whiplash. In contrast, few have examined the association of cortisol and pain in people with osteoarthritis (OA). The purpose of this systematic review was to verify the association between cortisol and pain in the OA population.
Source: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Source Type: research
Systematic review.
Source: Journal of Hand Therapy - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVES: The association between Interleukin (IL)-17A and IL-17F gene polymorphism with inflammatory arthritis were inconsistent among previous studies. This meta-analysis aimed to determine the association between IL-17A and IL-17F gene polymorphism with ankylosing spondylitis (AS), osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: We searched Medline up to August 2019. The summary Odds Ratio (OR) with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) was calculated to evaluate the relationship between IL-17A and IL-17F gene polymorphism with genetic susceptibility of AS, OA and RA. RES...
Source: Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Clin Immunol Source Type: research
Authors: Park D, Kwon Y Abstract Background: In drug therapy for patients with arthritis, a naproxen/esomeprazole combination drug may be a tolerable choice because it can minimize gastrointestinal and cardiovascular adverse effects. The aim of this study was to investigate the changes in quality of life (QOL), medication adherence, and satisfaction after switch from the existing drug to the combination drug. In addition, we analyzed the correlation between the above-mentioned variables and the stratified demographic and medical data of the patients. Methods: A prospective, noninterventional, observational stud...
Source: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Clin Orthop Surg Source Type: research
The study aims to evaluate the clinical outcomes and surgery survivorship for over 10 years following patellar resurfacing or nonresurfacing in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in a cohort of Chinese patients. From 1998 to 2003, 355 patients underwent primary TKA in our institute. The survivorship of TKA between the patellar resurfacing and nonresurfacing groups and the clinical outcome of Hospital for Special Surgery knee score, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities index score, patellar score, patellar related complications, and radiological results were studied at latest follow-up. There was no statistically signific...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThis is a comprehensive literature review of the available evidence and techniques of foot injections for chronic pain conditions. It briefly describes common foot chronic pain syndromes and then reviews available injection techniques for each of these syndromes, weighing the available evidence and comparing the available approaches.Recent FindingsFoot and ankle pain affects 20% of the population over 50 and significantly impairs mobility and ability to participate in activities of daily living (ADLs), as well as increases fall risk. It is commonly treated with costly surgery, at times with questio...
Source: Pain and Therapy - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Abstract According to the Chinese medicine, magnoflorine exerted significant anti-inflammatory effects and potentially promoted synthesis of proteoglycans in chondrocytes to reverse the progression of rheumatoid arthritis. However, the latent beneficial effect of magnoflorine for the treatment of traumatic osteoarthritis (OA) is still unknown. Therefore, we aim to demonstrate the efficacy of magnoflorine combined with HA-gel in attenuating cartilage degeneration in anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT) induced OA rat model. We found that the histological results showed the elevated cartilage matrix, chondr...
Source: Biomedicine and pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine and pharmacotherapie - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Biomed Pharmacother Source Type: research
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