Nasal Polyposis and Aspirin-Exacerbated Respiratory Disease

Aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) is characterized by eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps, asthma, and upper-/lower-respiratory tract reactions to nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs. Persistent, severe disease, anosmia, and alcohol sensitivity is typical. AERD is mediated by multiple pathways, including aberrant arachidonic acid metabolism leading to elevated leukotriene E4 and decreased prostaglandin E2. Mast cell mediators (prostaglandin D2) and unique properties of eosinophils and type 2 innate lymphoid cells, along with receptor-mediated signaling, also contribute to AERD pathogenesis. Pharmacologic therapies are a cornerstone of AERD treatment and include leukotriene modifiers, corticosteroids, biologics, and aspirin.
Source: Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research

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Abstract Aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) is a late onset condition characterized by the Samter triad (aspirin sensitivity [as well as sensitivity to any nonselective cyclooxygenase inhibitor], nasal polyps, asthma) and additional features, including eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis, hypereosinophilia, anosmia, frequent absence of atopy, and, intolerance to ingestion of red wine and other alcoholic beverages. The diagnosis is rare, and, because of this, it is also often missed by physicians. However, it is highly overexpressed in patients with severe asthma (and severe chronic rhinosinusitis with ...
Source: American Journal of Rhinology and Allergy - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Am J Rhinol Allergy Source Type: research
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