Disconcerting levels of alcohol use among Venezuelan immigrant adolescents in the United States - Salas-Wright CP, Vaughn MG, Goings TC, Oh S, Marsiglia F, Cohen M, John R, Andrade P, Schwartz S.

BACKGROUND: It is estimated that more than 4 million Venezuelans have left their country as a direct result of their nation's widespread social and economic challenges. Although recent research identifies Venezuela as one of the nations with the highest ra...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Related Links:

Source: BMJ News - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 June 2020Source: Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 112Author(s): Francesca Rita Pomilla, Farnaz Fazlali, Elisa I. García-López, Giuseppe Marcì, Ali Reza Mahjoub, Igor Kritsov, Leonarda F. Liotta, Leonardo PalmisanoAbstractThe Keggin heteropolyacid (HPA), H3PW12O40 (PW12) has been supported on commercial boron nitride (BN) and two types of home prepared carbon nitride (C3N4). The supported PW12 was used in the gas-solid (photo)catalytic 2-propanol dehydration reaction to give propene at atmospheric pressure and temperatures in the range 70–120 °C a...
Source: Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Authors: Gray M, Adamson MM, Thompson RC, Kapphahn KI, Han S, Chung JS, Harris OA Abstract Primary Objective: Research focused on mild traumatic brain injury in active military and veteran populations details the psychological, neurological and functional outcomes of mTBI, in a primarily male (~95%) cohort. This may misrepresent female symptoms and outcomes. Here we assess for genuine sex differences in symptom presentation and functional outcomes.Research Design: We used matched pairs to preclude potential sex bias in outcome data.Methods and Procedures: We matched 49 female/male pairs on; 1) mechanism of injury, ...
Source: Brain Injury - Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2020Source: LWTAuthor(s): Xiao Chen, Siew Young Quek, Bruno Fedrizzi, Paul A. KilmartinAbstract:Two different hydrolysis strategies, namely acid hydrolysis (pH 0 and 3) and enzyme hydrolysis (Rapidase AR2000, β-glucosidase, 5.6 nkat/mg), and the effect of hydrolysis time on the liberation of glycosidically bound volatiles from tamarillo (Solanum beaceum Cav.), were evaluated. Free and bound volatile profiles in tamarillo were also compared. Enzymatic hydrolysis was favoured for the liberation of aldehydes, esters, and terpenes. Harsh acidic hydrolysis (pH 0) was particu...
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Authors: El Sherif O, Dhaliwal A, Newsome PN, Armstrong M Abstract Introduction: Sarcopenia is increasingly recognised in patients with non-alcoholic liver disease (NAFLD). Initially recognised as a consequence of advanced liver disease, there is now emerging evidence that sarcopenia may be a novel risk factor for the development of NAFLD, with a role in fibrosis and disease progression.Areas covered: This review examines the epidemiology, pathogenesis and complex interplay between NAFLD and sarcopenia. Furthermore, the authors discuss the challenges with diagnosis of sarcopenia in the clinic and the evidence-based...
Source: Expert Review of Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol Source Type: research
Sobriety checkpoints are a valuable component of a comprehensive enforcement strategy aimed at deterring alcohol-impaired driving. Research shows that the key to effective deterrence is the public's perception of the likelihood of being caught in violation...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
This study aims to identify and quantify the significant driver behavior factor...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: Based on these results, 8.1% of Mexican general population without a history of liver disease is at high risk of having advanced liver fibrosis and complications and death derived from cardiovascular disease and cirrhosis. Most of them showed normal ALT serum levels. PMID: 32063504 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Annals of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Ann Hepatol Source Type: research
Authors: Meunier L, Larrey D Abstract Some drugs may induce hepatotoxic lesions, such as steatosis or steatohepatitis found in Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD). Among these drugs there are some anti-tumoral molecules, such as methotrexate, 5-fluorouracil, irinotecan, tamoxifen and l-asparaginase. The hepatotoxic phenotype developed from treatment with such drugs is known as "CASH" for "Chemotherapy-induced Acute Steatohepatitis". The mechanism of toxicity is essentially based on mitochondrial toxicity. These lesions are chronic and often reversible when the treatment is stopped. Contrib...
Source: Annals of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Ann Hepatol Source Type: research
The objective of this research article was to assess the trend of hospitalization, epidemiological characteristics and economic burden in the young adult, aged 18–45 years, presenting with atrial fibrillation.MethodsHospitalization data from the National Inpatient Sample between 2005 and 2015 were used to analyze prevalence of risk factors and financial burden in young adults with atrial fibrillation.ResultsFrom 2005 to 2015, a total of 260,080 admissions were included in the study. From 2005 to 2015, there was a decreasing trend of total admissions with atrial fibrillation among the age group of 18–45 years co...
Source: Heart and Lung: The Journal of Acute and Critical Care - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
More News: Alcoholism | International Medicine & Public Health | USA Health | Venezuela Health