Impact of atrial fibrillation burden on cognitive function after left atrial ablation – Results of the MACPAF study

Publication date: Available online 25 January 2020Source: Journal of Clinical NeuroscienceAuthor(s): Juliane Herm, Alexander Schirdewan, Lydia Koch, Alexander Wutzler, Jochen B. Fiebach, Matthias Endres, Ute A. Kopp, Karl Georg HaeuslerAbstractAtrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with cognitive decline and dementia irrespective of AF-related ischemic stroke. We investigated whether AF burden after ablation in patients with symptomatic paroxysmal AF has an impact on cognitive function. After enrolment to the prospective MACPAF study, study patients received an insertable loop recorder (ILR) and underwent serial neurological/cognitive assessment. To compare cognitive function, the delta of baseline and six months test results (Δpre/post) and a score to assess overall cognitive performance were computed. Thirty patients (median age 65 years (IQR 57–69), 40% female) were divided into groups according to median AF burden (
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

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Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
ConclusionControls need to be brought in to ensure that PM2.5 does not exceed a 50μg/m3 level due to the increase in disease incidence associated with same. The urban burning of solid fuels should be severely restricted.
Source: Age and Ageing - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
We sought to understand the risks of stroke, transient ischemic attack(TIA), and dementia in patients with and without atrial fibrillation (AF) and carotid arterial disease (CD), or a combination of both, and determine if therapies for each disease may influence risks. 11,572 patients were included and matched into 4 groups of 2,893 by the presence of AF and CD. CD and AF augment risk of stroke/TIA and dementia in the general population and the coexistence of both diseases is additive in risk. Ablation of AF was associated with lower risk, the magnitude of which was greater in those with CD.
Source: Heart Rhythm - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
This study sought to investigate what could be learned from how these men have fared. The men were born in 1925-1928 and similar health-related data from questionnaires, physical examination, and blood samples are available for all surveys. Survival curves over various variable strata were applied to evaluate the impact of individual risk factors and combinations of risk factors on all-cause deaths. At the end of 2018, 118 (16.0%) of the men had reached 90 years of age. Smoking in 1974 was the strongest single risk factor associated with survival, with observed percentages of men reaching 90 years being 26.3, 25.7, ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Conclusion: Intracranial artery calcification is common in patients with ischemic cerebrovascular disease and the intracranial carotid artery is most frequently affected. Intracranial arterial calcifications might be associated with imaging markers of SVD and are highly correlated with WMHs, lacunes, and CMBs. Quantification of calcification on CT provides additional information on the pathophysiology of SVD. Intracranial arterial calcification could act as a potential marker of SVD. Introduction Atherosclerosis is a systemic vascular process that is considered a major cause of cerebrovascular and cardiovascular di...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
In conclusion, our data support that plasma DAO levels were increased in PSD patients and correlated with brain WMH, independent of age, gender, hypertension, and renal function. Plasma DAO levels may therefore aid in PSD diagnosis. Introduction Stroke is a risk factor for both vascular dementia and Alzheimer's disease (1, 2). Functional recovery develops over the course of 26 weeks after a stroke (3), but the survivors are often left with disabilities. In addition to the sequelae of acute neuronal damage, the 1-year post-stroke dementia (PSD) rates after first-ever and recurrent stroke are ~10 and 30%, respe...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion In this study, reduced CBF and FA and increased MD in the inner NAWM layers for both PVWMH and DWMH suggested extensive WM alterations beyond the visible WM lesions commonly observed on clinical MRI of svMCI subjects. CBF penumbras cover more extensive WM at risk than DTI penumbras, suggesting the likelihood that compromised CBF precedes white matter integrity changes, and CBF penumbras may be a potential target for the prevention of further microstructural white matter damage. The imaging parameters investigated, however, did not correlate to cognition. Author Contributions YZ, QX, and XG conceived and desig...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeThe aim of this study was to investigate the factors associated with low health-related quality of life (HRQoL) compared between younger and older Thai patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF).MethodsThis is a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from a prospective NVAF registry from 24 hospitals located across Thailand. Patient demographic, clinical, lifestyle, and medication data were collected at baseline. EuroQOL/EQ-5D-3L was used to assess HRQoL. Health utility was calculated for the entire study population, and low HRQoL was defined as the lowest quartile. Multivariate logistic regres...
Source: Quality of Life Research - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
AbstractPost-stroke dementia is common but has heterogenous mechanisms that are not fully understood, particularly in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF)-related ischaemic stroke or TIA. We investigated the relationship between MRI small-vessel disease markers (including a composite cerebral amyloid angiopathy, CAA, score) and cognitive trajectory over 12  months. We included patients from the CROMIS-2 AF study without pre-existing cognitive impairment and with Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) data. Cognitive impairment was defined as MoCA
Source: Journal of Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: September 2018Source: IJC Heart &Vasculature, Volume 20Author(s): Ting-Yung Chang, Jo-Nan Liao, Tze-Fan Chao, Jennifer Jeanne Vicera, Chin-Yu Lin, Ta-Chuan Tuan, Yenn-Jiang Lin, Shih-Lin Chang, Li-Wei Lo, Yu-Feng Hu, Fa-Po Chung, Shih-Ann ChenAbstractAtrial fibrillation (AF) has become the most prevalent arrhythmia and it will increase the risk of ischemic stroke, heart failure, mortality, sudden cardiac death, myocardial infarction, and dementia. Stroke prevention with oral anticoagulant is crucial for management of AF patients. Vitamin K antagonist, which inhibits the clotting factors II, VII, IX an...
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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