Target-Enriched Next-Generation Sequencing Reveals Differences between Primary and Secondary Ovarian Tumors in Formalin-Fixed, Paraffin-Embedded Tissue

Differentiating primary endometrioid or mucinous ovarian tumors from secondary ovarian tumors can be challenging. We compared somatic mutation profiles of primary and secondary ovarian cancers to investigate if these profiles can help diagnose ovarian tumors. Cancer-related genes (n = 115) were screened by target-enriched next-generation sequencing in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tumor tissue from 43 primary endometrioid and mucinous ovarian carcinomas and 28 proven colorectal cancer metastases to the ovary.
Source: Journal of Molecular Diagnostics - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 17 November 2019Source: European UrologyAuthor(s): Zhengzheng Xu, Guangzhe Ge, Bao Guan, Zhentao Lei, Xueyu Hao, Yuanyuan Zhou, Yue Shi, Huan Lu, Jilu Wang, Ding Peng, XiKang Wu, Huiying He, Bao Zhang, Xuesong Li, Liqun Zhou, Weimin Ci
Source: European Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2019Source: European UrologyAuthor(s): Pirus Ghadjar, Thomas Wiegel
Source: European Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2019Source: European UrologyAuthor(s): Elise De Bleser, Piet Ost
Source: European Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ConclusionsTattooing of axillary LNs is safe and easily performed. Tattooing was helpful in identifying the marked LN in the majority of cases. This technique helps to ensure that metastatic LNs are identified and removed at surgery after NAT.
Source: European Journal of Surgical Oncology (EJSO) - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Individuals who have multiple close relatives with pancreatic cancer should undergo surveillance for pancreatic cancer, according to updated recommendations from the International Cancer of the Pancreas Screening (CAPS) Consortium.Reuters Health Information
Source: Medscape General Surgery Headlines - Category: Surgery Tags: Hematology-Oncology News Source Type: news
In conclusion, this study demonstrates that WG-391D exhibits strong antitumor activity against ovarian cancer and indicates that the down-regulation of CDC25B by inhibitors could provide a rationale for ovarian cancer therapy. Introduction Ovarian cancer is one of the most common malignances in females. The American Cancer Society estimated that there were 22,240 cases of ovarian cancer, and 14,070 deaths, in the United States in 2018 (1). During its early stages, ovarian cancer can be asymptomatic; hence, ~70% of patients have advanced disease when diagnosed and ultimately develop chemotherapeutic drug resistance an...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that the assessment of mutations affecting TP53, KRAS, PIK3CA, ARID1A and POLE, and DNA MMR protein expression may be used to further aid the diagnosis and treatment decision-making of primary MOC. PMID: 29793804 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Gynecologic Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Gynecol Oncol Source Type: research
ConclusionUp to 30% of EOC patients had risk factors for hereditary ovarian cancer. Germline mutation was identified in 28.6% of patients (11.4% BRCA mutation, 5.7% other HR genes mutation, 8.6% MMR mutation, and 2.9% mutation in other gene). The high cost of genetic testing is an important barrier. Selected patients with high‐risk factors might be initially considered for genetic testing in a limited‐resource setting.
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Abstract Epithelial ovarian cancer comprises a heterogeneous group of tumors. The four most common subtypes are serous, endometrioid, clear cell, and mucinous carcinoma. Less common are transitional cell tumors, including transitional cell carcinoma and malignant Brenner tumor. While in the past these subtypes were grouped together and designated as epithelial ovarian tumors, these tumor types are now known to be separate entities with distinct clinical and biologic behaviors. From a therapeutic standpoint, current regimens employ standard chemotherapy based on stage and grade rather than histotype. However, this ...
Source: Oncology (Williston Park, N.Y.) - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Oncology (Williston Park) Source Type: research
Objective: A significant part of ovarian malignancies are metastatic tumors with a wide variety in site of origin. Differentiating between a primary and metastatic malignancy of the ovaries can be difficult, especially in case of mucinous carcinomas, and misdiagnosis might have considerable impact on both treatment and prognosis. To further examine the origin of metastatic tumors in the ovary, we performed a large scale, nationwide search for metastatic ovarian malignancies in the Dutch Pathology Registry (PALGA).Materials and methods: All pathology reports concerning metastatic ovarian carcinomas and associated primary tu...
Source: Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Epidemiology Source Type: research
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