Antibiofilm and anticancer potential of β-glucan-binding protein-encrusted zinc oxide nanoparticles
Publication date: Available online 24 January 2020Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Mani Divya, Marimuthu Govindarajan, Sivashanmugam Karthikeyan, Elumalai Preetham, Naiyf S. Alharbi, Shine Kadaikunnan, Jamal M. Khaled, Taghreed N. Almanaa, Baskaralingam VaseeharanAbstractβ-Glucan-binding protein (βGBP) is important for the rational expansion of molecular biology. Here, zinc oxide nanoparticle (ZnONP) was synthesized using βGBP from the crab Scylla serrata (Ss-βGBP-ZnONP). Ss-βGBP-ZnONP was observed as a 100 kDa band on sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel and characterized with UV–vis spectroscopy at 350 nm. X-ray diffraction analysis displayed values consistent with those for zincite. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy revealed the presence of functional groups, including amide, alcohol, alkane, alkyl halide, and alkene groups. The zeta potential (−5.36 mV) of these particles indicated their stability, and transmission electron microscopy revealed the presence of 50 nm nanocones. Ss-βGBP-ZnONPs were tested at 100 μg/mL against the gram-positive Enterococcus faecalis and gram-negative Pseudomanas aeruginosa using confocal laser scanning microscopy and the bacterial viability assay was also performed. The growth of MCF7 breast cancer cells was inhibited following treatment with 75 μg/mL Ss-βGBP-ZnONPs. Thus, Ss-βGBP-ZnONPs have the ability to control the growth of pathogenic bacteria and in...
Publication date: Available online 26 February 2020Source: Meta GeneAuthor(s): Salma Begum Bhyan, YongKiat Wee, Mingyu Luo, Yining Liu, Min Zhao
ConclusionsThe microdeletion emphasizes the importance of adequate chromosomal testing in examining the etiology of complex alcohol ‐induced developmental disorders. Furthermore, the genotype‐specific decreased DNA methylation at theIGF2/H19 locus cannot be considered as a biological mark for PAE in adult WBCs.
ConclusionNEAT1 upregulateIGF2 expression through absorbing miR ‐185‐5p to enhances the migration and invasion of colon cancer cells.
ConclusionOur results suggest that the combination of altered expression of genes involved in signaling pathways of immune response and apoptosis control may contribute directly to the main characteristics observed in BS, such as recurrent infections, growth failure, and high risk of cancer. Transcriptome studies of other instability syndromes could allow a more accurate analysis of the relevant gene interactions associated with the destabilization of the genome. This is a first description of the profile of differential gene expression related to immunological aspects detected in patients with BS by RNA ‐seq.
Helicobacter pylori is one of the most prevalent infection worldwide. It affects individuals of different age groups. Aging ‐associated risk factors should be considered. Future studies, related to aging andH. pylori infection with extragastric disease can help to provide vivid evidences. AbstractHelicobacter pylori is one of the most prevalent infection worldwide. It affects individuals of different age groups. Elderly people tend to resist eradication treatment and worsening of infection can lead to several gastric and non ‐gastric pathologies. Aging‐associated cellular and molecular alteration can increase the ris...
ConclusionIn summary, the above results indicate thatXIST promotes colorectal cancer tumorigenesis by regulating miR ‐93‐5p/HIF ‐1A/AXL signaling pathway, which will supply a novel perspective to diagnose and treat colorectal cancer disease.
Publication date: Available online 26 February 2020Source: Urology Case ReportsAuthor(s): Tomoko Yonamine, Tadashi Kaname, Yasutsugu Chinen, Kouichi Tamashiro, Noritake Kosuge, Seiichi Saito
ConclusionChronic inflammation in the dorsolateral prostate of rats dosed with EB, T and E resulted in deregulated expression in a set of microRNAs whose target genes were related to tumor growth or abnormal proliferation. Our findings suggest the identified microRNAs and their target genes the potential use as biomarkers to predict prostate cancer development. Validation using human samples is warranted.
Discussion and conclusionsA schema showing the time from initiation of therapy at which specific antineoplastic agents can cause significant levels of genetic damage in conceptuses and live offspring was developed. The estimates and methods for computing the level of such risk from an individual patient's treatment regimen will enable patients and counselors to make informed decisions on the use of spermatozoa or continuation of a pregnancy.
Publication date: Available online 26 February 2020Source: European UrologyAuthor(s): Wei Liu, Xiaoping Liu, Sheng Li