Metabolic syndrome is the key determinant of impaired vaginal lubrication in women with chronic spinal cord injury
AbstractPurposeSpinal cord injury (SCI) affects sexual health of both male and female, but little attention has been given to sexuality of SCI women. Similar to penile erection, vaginal lubrication represents a neurovascular event and then both denervation and vascular damage might contribute to its impairment. Nevertheless, the relative weight of lesion location/degree and vascular risk factors in determining hypolubrication in women with SCI has not yet been investigated. The aim of this study was to recognize among putative determinants of poor sexual arousal in women with SCI, neurogenic and vascular/metabolic independent predictors of vaginal hypolubrication.MethodsTwenty-eight consecutive female patients admitted to a rehabilitation program because of chronic SCI ( ≥ 1 year) underwent clinical and biochemical evaluations, including assessment of vaginal lubrication by the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI). As, in people with SCI, waist circumference overestimates visceral fat mass due to abdominal muscle paralysis, metabolic syndrome (MetS) was defined according to specific criteria proposed for SCI population: BMI ≥ 22 kg/m2 and two or more of the following: triglycerides ≥ 150 mg/dL (or actual treatment), HDL
Authors: Coats AJS PMID: 32077860 [PubMed - in process]
Summary: The incidence and prevalence of diabetes continues to increase, and proper understanding of the adverse effects on bone metabolism is important. This review attempts to discuss the pathophysiology of the effects of diabetes and diabetic medications on bone metabolism and bone health. In addition, this review will address the mechanisms resulting in increased fracture risk and delayed bone healing to better treat and manage diabetic patients in the orthopedic clinical setting.
Objective: To determine effects of wearing soft toric silicone hydrogel, rigid gas-permeable (RGP), and mini-scleral lenses on corneal microstructure using confocal microscopy. Method: A prospective cohort study was conducted on 33 neophyte patients fitted with contact lenses (avg. age: 26±7 years) in the tertiary eye center. Patients were instructed to wear soft toric silicone hydrogel, RGP, or mini-scleral lenses based on clinical diagnoses. Inclusion criteria were age greater than 18 years and best-corrected visual acuity ≥3/10. Patients with a history of eye-involving systemic diseases were excluded. Bas...
Conclusion: Capillary nonperfusion area in the posterior retina increases with increasing DR severity as measured by swept-source OCTA. Quantitative analysis of retinal nonperfusion on wide-field OCTA may be useful for early detection and monitoring of disease in patients with diabetes and DR.
Conclusion: Changes in the choroid may occur before the development of diabetic retinopathy and seem to progress with increasing diabetes mellitus duration despite the absence of diabetic retinopathy and without associated retina thickening. Choroidal thickness could be valuable for screening in diabetic children.
Purpose: To compare intraocular pressure, anterior segment optical coherence tomography, and ultrasound biomicroscopy parameters over 3 months after panretinal photocoagulation (PRP) for proliferative diabetic retinopathy after 1 of 2 sittings by conventional laser (half PRP) and a single sitting of Pattern Scan Laser (PASCAL) PRP. Methods: This was a prospective, randomized, interventional study. All tests were performed at baseline, and at 1, 6, and 24 hours, and 1, 4, 8, and 12 weeks after PRP. Results: The intraocular pressure at 1 hour and 6 hours after PRP was significantly raised in both groups. Mean intraoc...
Introduction: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a constellation of metabolic risk factors, strongly associated with overweight and obesity that predispose to cardiovascular disease.
Introduction: Breast cancer (BC) is the most common cancer in women and the 5-year survival rate is 82% in Europe. Obesity, metabolic syndrome and diabetes are associated with an increased risk of BC and BC recurrence. Physical activity (PA), Mediterranean diet (MeD) and low glycemic index (GI) or high fiber diets, however, are protective.
Introduction: Sarcopenia is the loss of progressive and generalized muscle mass. It is affected by diabetes and aging.
Authors: Honeybul S Abstract Introduction: The role of decompressive craniectomy in the management of neurological emergencies remains controversial. There is evidence available that it can reduce intracranial pressure, but it will not reverse the effects of the pathology that precipitated the neurological crisis, so there has always been concern that any reduction in mortality will result in an increase in the number of survivors with severe disability.Areas covered: The results of recent randomised controlled trials investigating efficacy of the procedure are analysed in order to determine the degree to which the sh...