Advanced Ovarian Cancer: Weighing the Risks and Benefits of Surgery

Treatment for patients with advanced ovarian cancer includes a combination of platinum-based chemotherapy and maximally cytoreductive surgery. The 2 options for initial treatment include upfront surgery followed by adjuvant chemotherapy or neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by interval surgery. Deciding between which approach is a on the basis of several factors: (1) resectability of disease; (2) patient factors such as age, albumin, and body mass index; (3) patient wishes; and (4) overall functional status. Research is needed to further refine these approaches and create a patient-focused treatment plan which includes novel factors such as molecular subtype of disease and frailty and sarcopenia.
Source: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: New and Novel Treatments for Gynecologic Cancer Source Type: research

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Condition:   Advanced Cancer Interventions:   Procedure: 1ry cyto-reductive surgery;   Combination Product: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by surgery Sponsor:   Assiut University Recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
RARITAN, N.J., February 3, 2020 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson &Johnson announced today multiple data presentations from a robust solid tumor portfolio that will be featured at the American Society of Clinical Oncology Genitourinary (ASCO GU) Cancers Symposium, taking place February 13-15 in San Francisco. Company-sponsored data presentations will include clinical results for ERLEADA® (apalutamide) and niraparib in prostate cancer; and BALVERSA™ (erdafitinib) in bladder cancer. “We are committed to improving outcomes in patients with prostate and bladder cancer where high unmet ...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
The objective was to assess whether an early response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with advanced ovarian cancer may predict short ‐ and long‐term clinical outcome.Material and methodsThis is a retrospective study of all patients with stage III ‐IV tubo‐ovarian cancer treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy at a single center in Montreal between 2003 and 2014. Logistic regression models were used to evaluate the association between cancer antigen 125 (CA‐125) levels during neoadjuvant chemotherapy and debulking success. Cox proportiona l hazard models were used to estimate hazard ratios and their respecti...
Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
This study was undertaken to determine if the CRS in the omentum, adnexa or when combined correlates with (1) progression-free survival (PFS) or overall survival (OS), (2) laparoscopic score of abdominal disease, (3) Cancer antigen 125 levels, (4) BRCA status, and (5) platinum-resistant disease. A total of 158 cases were retrospectively collected that received NACT between April 2013 and February 2018 at a single institution. The 3-tier Böhm CRS system was applied to the omentum and adnexa. Survival outcomes between scored subgroups were analyzed using Cox proportional hazards regression. Spearman rank correlation ana...
Source: The American Journal of Surgical Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: IP after NACT and optimal interval TRS was associated with in improved PFS compared to IV chemotherapy without significant differences in toxicity. PMID: 31937450 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Gynecologic Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Gynecol Oncol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Even if a disseminated site>1 cm in diameter before NACT is invisible during IDS, microscopic disease remains present within it. The appropriate surgical margins for IDS with a favorable prognosis could be secured by resecting a lesion of>1 cm before NACT even if it is invisible during IDS. PMID: 31912684 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Gynecol Oncol Source Type: research
Authors: Kim YN, Lee YJ, Lee JY, Nam EJ, Kim SW, Kim S, Kim YT Abstract OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and toxicity of dose-dense weekly paclitaxel and 3-weekly carboplatin (ddPC) as neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) with the standard 3-weekly regimen. METHODS: A retrospective study of patients diagnosed with stage IIIc and IV ovarian cancer who received at least one cycle of NAC followed by interval debulking surgery between August 2015 and January 2018 was conducted. Patient characteristics, clinical and pathological response to NAC, surgical and survival outcome, and adverse event were compared. RESULTS...
Source: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Gynecol Oncol Source Type: research
More News: Cancer | Cancer & Oncology | Chemotherapy | Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy Therapy | Neoadjuvant Therapy | OBGYN | Ovarian Cancer | Ovaries