An increased bone mineral density is an adverse prognostic factor in patients with systemic mastocytosis

AbstractPurposeSystemic mastocytosis (SM) is characterized by the expansion of clonal mast cells that infiltrate various organ systems. The extent of organ infiltration and subsequent organ damage distinguishes between indolent SM (ISM) defined by a nearly normal life expectancy and advanced SM (AdvSM) defined by poor prognosis. In ISM, measurement of the bone mineral density (BMD) frequently reveals osteoporosis. In contrast, the clinical implication of an increased BMD and osteosclerosis remains unclear.MethodsBMD was evaluated in 61 patients with mastocytosis (ISM,n = 29, 48%; AdvSM,n = 32, 52%). We correlated the prevalence of osteoporosis, increased BMD and osteosclerosis with clinical parameters, disease variant and prognosis.ResultsOsteoporosis was detected in 11/29 (38%) patients with ISM but only in 2/32 (6%) patients with AdvSM (p = 0.004). An increased BMD was detected in 1/29 (3%) patients with ISM and 24/32 (75%) patients with AdvSM (p 
Source: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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Often we don’t really consider gender dynamics in treatment or medication. A lot of medications are only tested on men because of the risk of pregnancy, etc. This means there are whole drugs that have made it to market that may not have ever been tested with women. Schizophrenia affects women in many different ways than men. In this episode schizophrenic Rachel Star Withers and cohost Gabe Howard discuss differences in age, symptoms, treatments, lifestyle, parenthood in the genders as they experience schizophrenia. Dr. Hayden Finch joins to explain the medical side.  Highlights in “Schizophrenia in Women...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Inside Schizophrenia Mental Health and Wellness Women's Issues Gender Differences Mental Disorder Mental Illness Psychiatry Psychology Psychotherapy Women's Health women's mental health Source Type: blogs
ConclusionThe proposed deep learning-based system demonstrated the potential to automatically perform opportunistic osteoporosis screening using LDCT scans obtained for lung cancer screening.Key Points• Osteoporosis is a prevalent but underdiagnosed condition that can increase the risk of fracture.• A deep learning-based system was developed to fully automate bone mineral density measurement in low-dose chest computed tomography scans.• The developed system achieved high accuracy for automatic opportunistic osteoporosis screening using low-dose chest computed tomography scans obtained for lung cancer screening.
Source: European Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Healthcare providers now have information to advise clients with health conditions on the effectiveness of Tai Chi for overall health promotion.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONTai Chi is a form of safe, enjoyable, light-to-moderate aerobic physical activity for adults that is inexpensive to implement in diverse community settings.Adults with health conditions require physical activity for prevention of secondary impairments and over-all health promotion.This scoping review of meta-analyses elucidates "high" and "moderate" quality evidence of the effectiveness of Tai Chi in improving importan...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
AbstractVertebral fractures are important indicators of osteoporosis. Fractures with partial collapse of vertebral bodies are referred to as vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) that are usually non-traumatic in nature. Some common causes of VCFs are trauma, bone failure related to osteoporosis (benign) and metastatic cancer (malignant). This paper aims at developing a system for computer-aided diagnosis to help in the detection, labeling and segmentation of lumbar vertebral body (VB) and to further classify each VB into normal, malignant and benign VCFs. After the initial preprocessing, morphological, shape and angular ...
Source: La Radiologia Medica - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
bry L Abstract Over the last three decades, the scaffold proteins prohibitins-1 and -2 (PHB1/2) have emerged as key signaling proteins regulating a myriad of signaling pathways in health and diseases. Small molecules targeting PHBs display promising effects against cancers, osteoporosis, inflammatory, cardiac and neurodegenerative diseases. This review provides an updated overview of the various classes of PHB ligands, with an emphasis on their mechanism of action and therapeutic potential. We also describe how these ligands have been used to explore PHB signaling in different physiological and pathological settin...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences : CMLS - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Cell Mol Life Sci Source Type: research
(Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News) A new study has shown that gene therapy to treat one of the most common hereditary disorders, aldehyde dehydrogenase type 2 (ALDH2) deficiency, may prevent increased risk for esophageal cancer and osteoporosis associated with chronic alcohol exposure.
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Worldwide, it is estimated about 1.3 million new gynecological cancer cases are diagnosed each year. For 2018 the predicted annual totals were cervix uteri 569,847, corpus uteri 382,069, ovary 295,414, vulva 44,235 and va ​gina 17,600 [1].
Source: Maturitas - Category: Primary Care Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract Physicians often overlook exercise as a treatment or prophylactic measure for many common diseases and ailments. It can be used to treat comorbidities including obesity, cardiovascular disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes mellitus, osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, cancer, and low back pain. Education on the general physical activity guidelines as well as easy exercise prescription methods can improve the ability of physicians to prescribe exercise as a therapeutic option. In addition, identifying barriers to compliance with exercise and ways to overcome these barriers is also necessary in...
Source: The Medical Clinics of North America - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Med Clin North Am Source Type: research
ConclusionOral bisphosphonate use did not appear to be associated with elevated or reduced risk for GI cancers.
Source: Osteoporosis International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
ABSTRACTWe investigated mechanisms resulting in low bone mineral density (BMD) and susceptibility to fracture by comparing non ‐coding RNAs (ncRNAs) in biopsies of non‐weight‐bearing (NWB) iliac (n = 84) and weight bearing (WB) femoral (n = 18) postmenopausal bone across BMDs varying from normal (T‐score >  −1.0) to osteoporotic (T‐score ≤ −2.5). Global bone ncRNA concentrations were determined by PCR and microchip analyses. Association with BMD or fracture, adjusted by age and body mass index, were calculated using linear and logistic regression a...
Source: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
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