Long-Term Efficacy of Medication-Assisted Treatment of Opioid Addiction: A Systematic Literature Review—Part 2

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Source: Topics in Pain Management - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: CONTINUING EDUCATION ACTIVITY Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: Given increasing rates of opioid addiction and death, viable solutions are universally needed. Successful intervention measures should be widely shared between military, veteran, and civilian healthcare and public health communities. Increased collaboration between these groups could inculcate successful programs to prevent and decrease opioid use. Results received from recent military and veterans' programs for prescription and electronic medical record (EMR) monitoring and data sharing may also prove useful for civilian healthcare providers and hospital systems. Future evaluations from ongoing federally fund...
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
In conclusion, Trx-1 may be very promising for clinical therapy of morphine addiction in the future.
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Abstract Pain is an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience in many diseases and is often caused by intense or damaging stimuli. Pain negatively affects the quality of life and increases high health expenditures. Drugs with analgesic properties are commonly used to relieve pain, but these Western medications could be overwhelmed by side effects including tolerance and addiction. Herbal medicines may provide alternative measures for pain management. In this review paper, after introduction of Chinese medicine theory and treatment modality, emphasis is placed on the application of Chinese herbs and herbal formul...
Source: The American Journal of Chinese Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Chin Med Source Type: research
New largescale study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine found overprescription of opioids by dentists common, particularly to patients at high risk for substance abuse, and that almost 1/3 of patients received more powerful drugs than neededElsevierIMAGE: In this cross-sectional analysis of 542,958 dental visits by adult patients, between 1 in 4 and 1 in 2 opioid prescriptions exceeded the recommended morphine equivalents and days'supply for...viewmore Credit: Michelle S. Woods Ann Arbor, February 4, 2020 - Dentists are among top prescribers of opioids in the US, however, whether their opioid prescrib...
Source: Dental Technology Blog - Category: Dentistry Source Type: news
The objective of this study was to review the current scientific evidence on the role of Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) implementations in reducing postoperative opioid consumption and their potential association with the risk reduction for long-term opioid use, physical opioid dependency, and opioid addiction. Methods: A literature search was conducted using the following medical subject heading keywords: “postoperative pain,” “postoperative pain management,” “multimodal analgesia,” “ERAS,” “Enhanced Recovery,” “opioid-free analgesia,” or &...
Source: The Clinical Journal of Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Our ability to feel pain and react to it is both a boon and a curse, simultaneously. The International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) defines pain as “an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage or described in terms of such damage.” This means that pain is highly subjective, and it is informed by a mix of past experiences, our current emotional state, and future expectations. Since pain is an emotional and sensory experience it affects our quality of life immensely, and treatment is complex. Chronic pain management with opioids is not ideal Opioids...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Complementary and alternative medicine Mind body medicine Pain Management Source Type: blogs
Authors: Conti Mica M, Ring D, Hsu JR, Mir H Abstract The opioid epidemic in the United States has changed how medicine is practiced. There are tools and resources available to help the surgeon understand pain and provide appropriate pain management. Understanding pain, setting expectations, and diagnosing underlying medical dispositions that can lead to opioid addiction should become standard practice. Understanding available tools for communication, setting appropriate expectations, and preoperative planning for postoperative pain will provide better pain control. Through physical, mental, and medicinal modalitie...
Source: Instructional Course Lectures - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Instr Course Lect Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewPain is multifactorial and complex, often with a genetic component. Pharmacogenomics is a relative new field, which allows for the development of a truly unique and personalized therapeutic approach in the treatment of pain.Recent FindingsUntil recently, drug mechanisms in humans were determined by testing that drug in a population and calculating response averages. However, some patients will inevitably fall outside of those averages, and it is nearly impossible to predict who those outliers might be. Pharmacogenetics considers a patient ’s unique genetic information and allows for anticipat...
Source: Current Oncology Reports - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
AbstractKratom, orMitragyna, is a tropical plant indigenous to Southeast Asia, with unique pharmacological properties. It is commonly consumed by preparing the leaves into decoction or tea, or by grinding them into a powder. Recent evidence has revealed that kratom has physiological effects similar to opioids, including pain relief and euphoria, as well as stimulant properties, which together raise potential concern for dependence and addiction. Moreover, growing evidence suggests that the prevalence of kratom use is increasing in many parts of the world, raising important considerations for healthcare providers. This manu...
Source: Pain and Therapy - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
The United States continues to face a public heatlh crisis of epic proportion, with over 500,000 deaths from opioid overdoses since 2000. Medications for opioid use disorder, like buprenorphine, offer patients an effective approach to cessation. Unfortunately many barriers to use of medications for opioid use disorder exist, including insufficient number of programs offering medications for opioid use disorder, inadequate number of addiction specialists to provide these medications, and stigma surrouding patients with opioid use disorders and the medications used to treat them.
Source: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management - Category: Palliative Care Authors: Source Type: research
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