Cardiac and respiration-induced brain deformations in humans quantified with high-field MRI

Publication date: Available online 23 January 2020Source: NeuroImageAuthor(s): Jacob-Jan Sloots, Geert Jan Biessels, Jaco J.M. ZwanenburgAbstractMicrovascular blood volume pulsations due to the cardiac and respiratory cycles induce brain tissue deformation and, as such, are considered to drive the brain's waste clearance system. We have developed a high-field magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique to quantify both cardiac and respiration-induced tissue deformations, which could not be assessed noninvasively before. The technique acquires motion encoded snapshot images in which various forms of motion and confounders are entangled. First, we optimized the motion sensitivity for application in the human brain. Next, we isolated the heartbeat and respiration-related deformations, by introducing a linear model that fits the snapshot series to the recorded physiological information. As a result, we obtained maps of the physiological tissue deformation with 3 mm isotropic spatial resolution. Heartbeat- and respiration induced volumetric strain were significantly different from zero in the basal ganglia (median (25–75% interquartile range): 0.85·10−3 (0.39·10−3–1.05·10−3), p = 0.0008 and −0.28·10−3 (−0.41·10−3–0.06·10−3), p = 0.047, respectively). Smaller volumetric strains were observed in the white matter of the centrum semi ovale (0.28·10−3 (0&nda...
Source: NeuroImage - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

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Source: Infant Behavior and Development - Category: Child Development Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Biol Regul Homeost Agents Source Type: research
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Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
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