Beneficial actions of prothymosin alpha-mimetic hexapeptide on central post-stroke pain, reduced social activity, learning-deficit and depression following cerebral ischemia in mice

Publication date: Available online 23 January 2020Source: PeptidesAuthor(s): Keita Sasaki, Sebok Kumar Halder, Hayato Matsunaga, Hiroshi UedaAbstractProthymosin alpha (ProTα)-mimetic hexapeptide (amino acid: NEVDQE, P6Q) inhibits cerebral or retinal ischemia-induced behavioral, electrophysiological and histological damage. P6Q also abolishes cerebral hemorrhage induced by ischemia with tissue plasminogen activator (tPA). In the present study we examined the beneficial effects of P6Q on other post-stroke prognostic psychology-related symptoms, which obstruct the motivation toward physical therapy. Intravenous (i.v.) administration with tPA (10 mg/kg) at 6 h after photochemically induced thrombosis (PIT) in mice resulted in bilateral central post-stroke pain in thermal and mechanical nociception tests and loss of social activity in the nest building test, both of which were significantly blocked by P6Q (30 mg/kg, i.v.) given at 5 h after PIT. P6Q (30 mg/kg, i.v.) also improved the memory-learning deficit in the step-through test and depression-like behavior in the tail suspension test when it was given 1 day after bilateral common carotid arteries occlusion (BCCAO) in mice. Thus, these studies suggest that P6Q could be a promising candidate to prevent negative prognostic psychological symptoms following focal and global ischemia.
Source: Peptides - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research

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