CT, MRI for lower back pain still prevalent in ED

The rate of CT and MRI scans for back pain remained steady from 2001 to 2016...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: IMV: MR providers work harder as procedure volume grows Are too many patients getting MRI scans for back pain? Less jargon makes MRI reports easier to read DeepSpine AI enhances grading of lumbar spinal stenosis Johns Hopkins tackles problem of unnecessary scans
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news

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This study included 390 patients with LHD or LSS referred for surgical evaluation after unsuccessful conservative treatment. Nonsuccess was defined as a Roland-Morris Disability score above 4 (0–23) or a Numeric Rating Scale back and leg pain score above 20 (0–60). Uni- and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to investigate potential predictive factors including sociodemographic characteristics, history findings, levels of pain and disability, and magnetic resonance imaging findings. Results. Rates of nonsuccess at 2 years were approximately 30% in surgically treated patients with LHD, approx...
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: SURGERY Source Type: research
Conclusions: Paraspinal muscles evaluated with MRI were more significantly associated with the pathology of ASD compared with appendicular skeletal muscle evaluations with dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. The present study indicates that multifidus and erector muscles significantly influenced the maintenance of the pelvic alignment. Level of Evidence: Level III.
Source: Journal of Spinal Disorders and Techniques - Category: Surgery Tags: Primary Research Source Type: research
Conclusion5R-STS performance differs according to the etiology of back and leg pain, even after adjustment for demographic covariates. In combination with machine learning algorithms, OFI can be used to infer the etiology of spinal back and leg pain with accuracy comparable to other diagnostic tests used in clinical examination.Graphic abstractThese slides can be retrieved under Electronic Supplementary Material.
Source: European Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeTo define and analyze the learning curve of percutaneous endoscopic transforaminal decompression (PETD) for lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS).MethodsFrom July 2015 to September 2016, 78 patients underwent PETD; one of whom was converted to open surgery, two were lost, and 75 were included in this study. Clinical results were assessed by using the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and visual analog scale (VAS). The learning curve was assessed by a logarithmic curve-fitting regression analysis. Of these 75 patients, 35 were defined as the “early” group, and 40 were defined as the “late” group ...
Source: International Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
AbstractObjectiveTo estimate the effect of the knee bolster use during an MRI on lumbar spinal stenosis parameters and low back pain-related disability.MethodsA repeated-measurement study of 27 males and 19 females with mean age 55.78  ± 14.36, referred for an MRI of the lumbar spine due to low back pain, performed with and without standard knee bolster. A radiologist evaluated the lumbar lordosis Cobb’s angle, the cross-sectional area of the right and left intervertebral foramina and spinal canal at L1-L2, L2-L3, L3-L4 sp inal levels. Spinal symptoms were evaluated by the Oswestry Disability Que...
Source: Skeletal Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
The aim of the study was to evaluate the clinical effect of the limited area decompression, intervertebral fusion, and pedicle screw fixation for treating degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis (DLSS) with instability. Hemilaminectomy decompression, intervertebral fusion, and pedicle screw fixation for treating DLSS with instability as the control group. Follow-up of 54 patients (26 males and 28 females; average age, 59.74 ± 10.38 years) with DLSS with instability treated by limited area decompression, intervertebral fusion, and pedicle screw fixation (LIFP group), and 52 patients as control group with hemilaminec...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
Conclusion: This case highlights the atypical MR features of lumbar Baastrup's disease in conjunction with stenosis. Atypical Baastrup's disease should be differentiated from classical Baastrup's disease or other infectious pathologies (e.g., Pott's disease of the spine) and appropriately treated with timely spinal decompression. PMID: 31768278 [PubMed]
Source: Surgical Neurology International - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the gender difference in pre- and postoperative health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients who have had decompression surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). Overview of Literature: Gender differences may contribute to variations in disease presentations and health outcomes. The influence of gender on pre- and postoperative HRQOL in spinal disorders remains unclear. Methods: We reviewed 125 patients (79 men and 46 women) who had lumbar spinous process splitting laminectomy (LSPSL) for LSS. We assessed the following clinical information: Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA)...
Source: Asian Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Asian Spine J Source Type: research
Low back pain, radicular leg pain, and lumbar spinal stenosis are the most common of all chronic pain disorders. Discogenic pain is related to distress of annular fibers and tears, whereas spinal stenosis is related to reduction of the spinal canal dimensions and compression of the neural elements; radicular pain is mainly related to disc herniation and is initially managed conservatively. The percutaneous minimally invasive approach in discogenic and radicular pain is designed to reduce the volume of the nucleus pulposus in patients with failure of medical and physical treatment prolonged for at least 6 weeks.
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research
J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1688559 Study Design Retrospective study of prospectively collected outcome data. Background No studies have evaluated the long-term outcomes following microendoscopic diskectomy for lumbar disk herniation (MEDH) and microendoscopic decompression for lumbar spinal stenosis (MEDS) using the Japanese Orthopaedic Association Back Pain Evaluation Questionnaire (JOABPEQ). Objective To assess the minimum 10-year outcomes following MEDH and MEDS. Patients and Methods Seventy-six patients were classified into three groups: disk herniation (DH) g...
Source: Journal of Neurological Surgery Part A: Central European Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
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