KIR Genotype and KIR Ligand Phenotypes That Improve the in Vitro Cord Blood or Autologous NK Cell Mediated Cytotoxicity Against Myeloma Marrow Plasma Cells

Killer Immunoglobulin-like Receptor (KIR) inhibition is known to influence the cytotoxic effects of natural killer (NK) cells against cancer cells. KIRs can be protective against relapse in myeloma (MM) (Gabriel et al Blood 2010, Kr öger et al leukemia 2011) by NK cell licencing or through blocking of the inhibitory KIR receptors such as NKG2A (Mahaweni et al, 2018).
Source: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 483 Source Type: research

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RARITAN, NJ, February 10, 2020 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson &Johnson announced today the submission of a supplemental Biologics License Application (sBLA) to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) seeking approval of DARZALEX® (daratumumab) in combination with Kyprolis® (carfilzomib) and dexamethasone (DKd) for relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma. The sBLA is supported by results from the Phase 3 CANDOR study, which compared treatment with DKd to carfilzomib and dexamethasone (Kd) in patients with multiple myeloma who relapsed after one to three prior lines of therapy. “Wh...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news
AbstractTransfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI), defined as the onset of acute respiratory distress after blood transfusion, is a rare complication which is a leading cause of transfusion related-mortality. In this retrospective study, we report the French nationwide experience of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG)-related TRALI, with a literature review and analysis of management and outcome of this rare condition. With the pharmacovigilance services, we conducted a retrospective multicenter study in the French network of intensive care units with TRALI concomitant to IVIG use and pooled with data from a literature r...
Source: Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell immunotherapy has been a major advancement in cancer therapeutics. Reprogramming of T cells is achieved by using gammaretroviral or lentiviral vectors, which may interfere with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) nucleic acid amplification testing (NAAT). Here, we describe three clinical scenarios in which CAR T cell immunotherapy interfered with HIV-1 testing, including (i) routine infectious disease screening prior to stem cell transplantation in a 16-year-old female with B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia, post CAR T cell treatment; (ii) routine infectious disease screenin...
Source: Journal of Clinical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Virology Source Type: research
Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-T cell therapy is a new and powerful class of cancer immunotherapy [1,2]. Clinical trials of CAR-T cell therapy targeting the B cell marker CD19 have shown promising results for the treatment of hematologic malignancies, including acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) [3-7], chronic lymphocytic leukemia [8,9], and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) [10,11]. CAR-T cell therapy targeting B cell maturation antigen (BCMA) has also been demonstrated to be effective for treating multiple myeloma (MM) [12-15].
Source: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation - Category: Hematology Authors: Source Type: research
Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-T cell therapy is a new and powerful class of cancer immunotherapy [1,2]. Clinical trials of CAR-T cell therapy targeting the B-cell marker CD19 have shown promising results for the treatment of hematologic malignancies, including acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) [3 –7], chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) [8,9], and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) [10,11]. CAR-T cell therapy targeting B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA) has also been demonstrated to be effective for treating multiple myeloma (MM) [12–15].
Source: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation - Category: Hematology Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 November 2019Source: Journal of Geriatric OncologyAuthor(s): Reena Jayani, Ashley Rosko, Rebecca Olin, Andrew ArtzAbstractHematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) is an important aspect of treatment for many hematologic malignancies. As cancer is a disease associated with aging, and hematologic malignancies are no exception, rates of autologous and allogeneic HCT utilization in older adults are on the rise. The most common indications for autologous HCT are multiple myeloma and lymphoma, and for allogenic HCT are acute myeloid leukemia and myelodysplastic syndrome. Older adults into their e...
Source: Journal of Geriatric Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionsPCPs report several barriers in providing care to hematologic malignancy/HCT survivors. Clinical experience with this patient population is associated with greater confidence in providing survivorship care. Several barriers identified by PCPs in providing survivorship care to hematologic malignancy/HCT survivors are potentially addressable by education, clinical decision support tools and guidelines, enhancing clinical experience, and care coordination with hematologist-oncologists.
Source: Clinical Lymphoma Myeloma and Leukemia - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 October 2019Source: Clinical Lymphoma Myeloma and LeukemiaAuthor(s): Giulia Gabrielli, Alessandro Broccoli, Cinzia Pellegrini, Lisa Argnani, Michele Cavo, Pier Luigi Zinzani
Source: Clinical Lymphoma Myeloma and Leukemia - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
We describe three clinical scenarios in which CAR T- cell immunotherapy interfered with HIV-1 testing including: (1) routine infectious disease screening prior to stem cell transplantation in a 16-year-old female with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia, status post CAR T- cell treatment (2) routine infectious disease screening prior to 2nd CAR T- cell collection in a 65-year-old male with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma who failed initial CAR T- cell treatment and (3) routine infectious risk assessment following an occupational health exposure from a 58 -year-old male with multiple myeloma, status post CAR T- cell treatment...
Source: Clinical Lymphoma and Myeloma - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: J Clin Microbiol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: All tested biosimilars demonstrated similar effectiveness and safety profiles in patients with hematological tumors undergoing PBSC mobilization; therefore, they can be used interchangeably. PMID: 31663634 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Lymphoma and Myeloma - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: J Clin Apher Source Type: research
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