Engineered DNA nanodrugs alleviate inflammation in inflammatory arthritis

This study demonstrates that an engineered DNA nanodrug (TD-P-dODN) enhances the efficacy of nucleic acid drugs and represents a promising strategy for RA treatment.Graphical abstractThe intracellular NF-κB pathway is activated in the inflamed synovium. The degradation of IκB results in the release of the P50/P65 complex that can translocate into the nucleus and initiate the transcription of inflammatory protein. TD-P-dODNs insert across the P50/P65 complex in cytoplasm and inhibit its downstream activities, which ultimately reduces inflammation in vitro and in vivo.
Source: International Journal of Pharmaceutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

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Iguratimod (IGU) is a novel synthetic small molecule disease modified anti-rheumatic drug approved only in Japan and China up to date. IGU plays an important immunomodulatory role in the synovial tissue of rheumatoid arthritis by inhibiting the production of immunoglobulins and cytokines and regulating T lymphocyte subsets. IGU also regulates bone metabolism by stimulating bone formation while inhibiting osteoclast differentiation, migration, and bone resorption. In clinical trials, IGU was shown to be superior to placebo and not inferior to salazosulfapyridine. Combined therapy of IGU with other disease-modifying anti-rhe...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
(Natural News) Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that causes inflammation and pain by attacking the synovial tissues within the joints. This often affects the joints of the hands, wrists, feet, knees, elbows and ankles. The American College of Rheumatology estimates that rheumatoid arthritis affects about 1.3 million Americans, with 75 percent of these patients...
Source: NaturalNews.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
(Walter and Eliza Hall Institute) researchers have revealed new details about how joint inflammation evolves in rheumatoid arthritis, and the cells that prolong the inflammatory attack.The team pinpointed an unexpected source of the inflammatory protein GM-CSF in rheumatoid arthritis, and explained how GM-CSF signals to prolong joint inflammation.These discoveries could indicate potential new therapeutic targets for reducing joint inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis, and could potentially reduce inflammation in other autoimmune disease such as multiple sclerosis.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: Testing for autoantibodies against both Ro peptides may aim diagnosis, classify clinical manifestations in disease entities and define prognosis in certain autoimmune disorders. A distinct weight could be given to the isolated anti-Ro specificities in the SS classification criteria. PMID: 32083547 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research
This article is categorized under: Biological Mechanisms> Metabolism Translational, Genomic, and Systems Medicine> Translational Medicine Physiology> Mammalian Physiology in Health and Disease
Source: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Systems Biology and Medicine - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Tags: ADVANCED REVIEW Source Type: research
Authors: Ingawale DK, Mandlik SK Abstract Inflammation is a physiological intrinsic host response to injury meant for removal of noxious stimuli and maintenance of homeostasis. It is a defensive body mechanism that involves immune cells, blood vessels and molecular mediators of inflammation. Glucocorticoids (GCs) are steroidal hormones responsible for regulation of homeostatic and metabolic functions of body. Synthetic GCs are the most useful anti-inflammatory drugs used for the treatment of chronic inflammatory diseases such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), allergies, multiple sclerosis, te...
Source: Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol Source Type: research
Multiple observations implicate T-cell dysregulation as a central event in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis. Here, we investigated mechanisms for suppressing T-cell activation via the inhibitory receptor leukocyte-associated immunoglobulin-like receptor 1 (LAIR-1). To determine how LAIR-1 affects T-cell receptor (TCR) signaling, we compared 1) T cells from LAIR-1–sufficient and –deficient mice, 2) Jurkat cells expressing either LAIR-1 mutants or C-terminal Src kinase (CSK) mutants, and 3) T cells from mice that contain a CSK transgene susceptible to chemical inhibition. Our results indicated that LAIR-1...
Source: Journal of Biological Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Molecular Bases of Disease Source Type: research
N-linked glycans play an important role in immunity. Although the role of N-linked glycans in the Fragment crystallizable (Fc) region of immunoglobulins has been thoroughly described, the function of N-linked glycans present in Ig-variable domains is only just being appreciated. Most of the N-linked glycans harbored by immunoglobulin variable domain are of the complex biantennary type and are found as a result of the presence of N-linked glycosylation that most often have been introduced by somatic hypermutation. Furthermore, these glycans are ubiquitously present on autoantibodies observed in some autoimmune diseases as w...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Authors: Pagani S, Bellan M, Mauro D, Castello LM, Avanzi GC, Lewis MJ, Sainaghi PP, Pitzalis C, Nerviani A Abstract Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is the most common chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease involving joints. Among several pathogenic mechanisms, the impairment of homeostatic regulators of inflammation seems to be critically important to sustain persistent infiltration and activation of immune and stromal cells within the diseased synovium. Tyrosine kinase receptors Tyro3, Axl, and Mer are members of the TAM family. Upon binding their ligands Growth Arrest-Specific gene 6 (Gas6) and Protein S (ProS1), TAM...
Source: Disease Markers - Category: Laboratory Medicine Tags: Dis Markers Source Type: research
e;zquiz Aguirre S, Sánchez Landa E Abstract INTRODUCTION: whether hypovitaminosis D is an overarching cause of increased mortality or a prognostic marker of poor health has not been well elucidated. OBJECTIVES: we sought to determine the association of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25-(OH)-D3] levels with the clinical biochemical parameters and mortality risk in chronic diseases. METHODS: we reviewed the clinical charts and collected the clinical biochemical parameters of patients diagnosed with chronic conditions who had at least one 25-(OH)-D3 determination, with or without calcium and vitamin D su...
Source: Nutricion Hospitalaria - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Nutr Hosp Source Type: research
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