Targeted molecular profiling of genetic alterations in colorectal cancer using next-generation sequencing.

Targeted molecular profiling of genetic alterations in colorectal cancer using next-generation sequencing. Oncol Lett. 2020 Feb;19(2):1137-1144 Authors: Luo J, Zhang S, Tan M, Li J, Xu H, Tan Y, Huang Y Abstract Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a major contributor to cancer-associated mortality in China and remains a vast challenge worldwide. Although the genetic basis of CRC has been investigated, the uncommonly mutated genes in CRC remain unknown, in particular in the Asian population. In the present study, targeted region sequencing on 22 CRC and 10 paired non-cancerous tissues was performed to determine the genetic pattern of CRC samples in the Chinese population. Driver genes were detected by three distinct softwares, including MutSigCV, oncodriveFM and iCAGES. A total of 1,335 reliable somatic mutations were identified in tumour samples compared with normal samples. Furthermore, mismatch repair (MMR) mutant patients presented significantly higher mutation density compared with MMR wild-type patients. The results from MutSigCV, oncodriveFM and iCAGES analyses simultaneously detected 29 unique driver genes. In addition, the genes APC regulator of WNT signaling pathway, SMAD family member 4, neurofibromin 1, AT-rich interaction domain 5B and nuclear receptor corepressor 1 were the top five most frequently mutated genes in CRC samples, with mutation rates of 68, 36, 36, 32 and 27%, respectively. The findings from the present study may therefore serve as a bas...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: Our data show that fluorouracil-based adjuvant chemotherapy does not work for dMMR cases, if not worse. Autophagy inhibition and/or immune checkpoint inhibition might be promising alternative strategies for gastric cancer treatment. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: The use of microsatellite instability (MSI) and mismatch repair (MMR) as predictive biomarkers for adjuvant chemotherapy in colorectal cancer has caused a paradigm shift in cancer therapy, although its implications in gastric cancer are still questionable. The data obtained in the current study indicate that MSI-MMR is an independent prognostic factor...
Source: The Oncologist - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Oncologist Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to evaluate B vitamins and methionine in relation to colorectal cancer risk in a Chinese population. A case-control study was conducted from July 2010 to April 2019. A total of 2502 patients with colorectal cancer were recruited along with 2538 age (5-year interval) and sex matched controls. Dietary data was collected by using a validated food frequency questionnaire. Multivariable logistic regression was used to assess odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence interval (CI). The intake of folate, vitamin B2, vitamin B6 and vitamin B12 was inversely associated with colorectal cancer risk. The mul...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research
This study aimed to demonstrate the impact of elective major abdominal surgery and subsequent postoperative delirium on quality of life (QOL; primary outcome), cognitive functioning and depressive symptoms (secondary outcomes) in older surgical patients.Method: A single-centre, longitudinal prospective cohort study was conducted between November 2015 and June 2018, including patients ≥70 years old who underwent surgery for colorectal cancer or an abdominal aortic aneurysm. They were followed-up at discharge and at 6 and 12 months postoperatively until June 2019. QOL was assessed with the World Health Organ...
Source: Aging and Mental Health - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Aging Ment Health Source Type: research
Muir-Torre syndrome is a rare subtype of Lynch syndrome characterized by coincidence of skin neoplasm and visceral malignancies. Here, we report a case of this rare disease, whose diagnosis of the syndrome was first suspected by the pathologist. This was a 60-yr-old woman who presented with an axillary skin nodule, which was diagnosed as basal cell carcinoma. Further inquiry revealed that she was hospitalized for evaluation of a recurrent vaginal stump endometrial carcinoma. Histologic workup and immunohistochemistry for mismatch repair proteins of both the skin and vaginal tumor suggested the possibility of Muir-Torre syn...
Source: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Pathology of the Corpus: Case Reports Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: A DNA repair gene score may predict patients likely to have poor response to chemoradiation. This score may be a relevant tool to be investigated in future studies focused on chemoradiation used in the context of organ preservation. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/B104. PREDICCIÓN DE RESPUESTA DEFICIENTE A LA RADIO-QUIMIOTERAPIA NEOADYUVANTE EN PACIENTES CON CÁNCER RECTAL UTILIZANDO UNA PUNTUACIÓN DE DESREGULACIÓN DE REPARACIÓN DE ADN: ESCOGER LOS PERDEDORES EN LUGAR DE LOS GANADORES ANTECEDENTES: Los pacientes con cáncer rectal pueden someterse a ...
Source: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Contributions: Colorectal Cancer Source Type: research
ConclusionThe patient presented represents the first reported case where both next generation sequencing (NGS) forBRCA LOH and MMR IHC testing of her breast cancer were performed and underscores the importance of using NGS including the reported mutational allelic frequency (MAF) and IHC use to predict the likely responsiveness to the recently approved PARP inhibitors and checkpoint inhibitor therapies (Robson et al in N Engl J Med 377:523 –533, 2017, Lemery et al in 377(15):1409–1412,https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMp1709968, 2017), key because the gatekeeper transforming event for tumors related to inherited cance...
Source: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In conclusion, the concept of an epigenetic clock is compelling, but caution should be taken in interpreting associations with age acceleration. Association tests of age acceleration should include age as a covariate. A Discussion of Recent Work on Allotopic Expression of Mitochondrial Genes at the SENS Research Foundation https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2020/02/a-discussion-of-recent-work-on-allotopic-expression-of-mitochondrial-genes-at-the-sens-research-foundation/ A paper published last month outlines recent progress on allotopic expression of mitochondrial genes carried out by the SENS Research ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
io PR Abstract It is paramount to identify patients whose cancer is associated with genetic susceptibility to the disease, since their long-term management depends on it. Anatomical and molecular pathologists play a key role in the process. Indeed, their diagnosis supports or even sometimes warrants germline genetic testing. For example, a colorectal cancer with mismatch repair protein expression loss suggests Lynch syndrome, while a rare type of renal cell carcinoma with fumarate hydrate expression loss is highly evocative of hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell carcinoma syndrome. Similarly, the presence of ...
Source: Annales de Pathologie - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Ann Pathol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 7 February 2020Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical AnalysisAuthor(s): M.A. Gondal, R.K. Aldakheel, M.A. Almessiere, M.M. Nasr, J.A. Almusairii, B. GondalAbstractCertain types of cancer deaths are widespread due to the diagnostic complexities at the early stages. Recent studies revealed that the bio-accumulated heavy metals (act as pro-carcinogens) in the human colon cause strong interactions with the nuclear proteins, leading to the DNA damages and repair processes inhibition, resulting in the cancers. Most of the conventional detection techniques suffer from the insensitiven...
Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Authors: Hou J, Cui H Abstract CSN6 has recently received increased attention as a multifunctional protein involved in protein stability. CSN6 plays an important role in controlling cellular proliferation, apoptosis and metastasis, modulating signal transduction, as well as regulating DNA damage and repair. Most studies have demonstrated that CSN6 is significantly upregulated in human malignant tumors such as cervical cancer, papillary thyroid cancer, colorectal cancer, breast cancer, lung adenocarcinoma, and glioblastoma, and its expression is usually correlated with poor prognosis. In this review, we summarize re...
Source: Histology and Histopathology - Category: Cytology Tags: Histol Histopathol Source Type: research
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