Leprosy Re-emerges as a Global Health Challenge
Sattamma, a daily labourer in the Rangareddy district of southern India’s Telangana state, says that even though she no longer has Hansen’s Disease, she remains discriminated against because of it. Credit: Stella Paul/IPSBy Stella PaulHYDERABAD, India , Jan 23 2020 (IPS) Fifteen years ago, Sattamma – a daily labourer in the Rangareddy district of southern India’s Telangana state – was abandoned by her husband after she was diagnosed with Hansen’s Disease. Last October, while her neighbours were celebrating Diwali, Sattamma was homeless again as her landlord threw her out of the house after he discovered her past disease. “My husband said I was a danger to him. But it was so many years ago (I had leprosy). I have been cured and living without any scar or pain. Why would anyone still treat me like this?” asks a visibly-perplexed Sattamma who says finding work has become harder since her eviction. Discrimination against leprosy, however, isn’t experienced by a scattered few: the world over, men and women affected by leprosy are increasingly being subjected to stigma and bias regardless of their current health status. In Nigeria, Lilibeth Nwakaego runs a non-profit organisation called Leprosy Disability Initiative, which provides legal and emotional support to the leprosy-affected people who have been stigmatised by society. According to her, the roots of stigma are so deep, it often frustrates even the most determined. &ldquo...
Publication date: April 2020Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities, Volume 99Author(s):
Publication date: May 2020Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities, Volume 100Author(s): Marc Woodbury-Smith
Authors: Gavrila IL, Badea RI, Jude C, Socaciu MA, Comsa M, Badea AF Abstract Abdominal ultrasound (US) performed as a "primary imaging procedure" is an important diagnostic tool in gastroenterol-ogy. Expanding the routine investigation to the lower thoracic region might sometimes accelerate the diagnosis in inconclusive manifestations such as pulmonary pathology.US is a valuable tool in evaluating patients with breathing difficulties, chest pain, hypoxia, or chest trauma. This paper presents the particular situation of a patient hospitalized in the gastroenterology depart-ment, where the US identified si...
Authors: Roman A, Palego F, Achimas-Cadariu P, Vlad C, Andries A, Tomuleasa CI, Gata VA, Pintican R, Rada MP, Feier D Abstract AimsThe present study aims to investigate the pain, anxiety and other factors that are associated with percutaneous computed tomography (CT)- and ultrasound (US)-guided biopsies of tumors.Material and MethodsThe study prospectively included 60 consecutive patients, of which 24 underwent CT-guided biopsies and 36 US-guided biopsies. The location of targeted tumors was within the thorax, abdomen, pelvis, and limbs. A questionnaire containing numerical rate scales (0-10) regarding procedural a...
CONCLUSION: All these results indicate that SQC is an effective preventive and protective drug on skeletal muscle of diabetic macrovasculopathy, and could alleviate skeletal muscle tissue damage through affecting biological functions related to cell death and cell adhesion. PMID: 32096754 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Publication date: Available online 25 February 2020Source: Neuroscience LettersAuthor(s): Jie Li, Binke Yuan, Guoxiong Li, Xingqi Lu, Yun Guo, Ying Yang, Minjie Liang, Jianping Ding, Quan Zhou
Conclusions: Certain groups were more likely to underestimate risks of mixing opioid pain-relievers with alcohol or benzodiazepines. Results underscore the importance of targeted public awareness campaigns, prevention programing, and communication between physicians and patients about the risks of mixing substances, particularly among high-risk groups. PMID: 32091310 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Publication date: Available online 26 February 2020Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): Giovanna Ciaravino, Josep Espluga, Jordi Casal, Alberto Pacios, Irene Mercader, Alberto Allepuz
In conclusion, chronic supplementation with 1% glycine did not have any significant detrimental side effects in our model. However, more studies are still necessary to evaluate the effect of 1% glycine supplementation in humans. PMID: 32091321 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Osei-Owusu J, Yang J, Del Carmen Vitery M, Tian M, Qiu Z Abstract Severe local acidosis causes tissue damage and pain, and is associated with many diseases, including cerebral and cardiac ischemia, cancer, infection, and inflammation. However, the molecular mechanisms of the cellular response to extracellular acidic environment are not fully understood. We recently identified a novel and evolutionarily conserved membrane protein, PAC (also known as PACC1 or TMEM206), encoding the proton-activated chloride (Cl-) channel, whose activity is widely observed in human cell lines. We demonstrated that genetic del...
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