Factors influencing the uptake of influenza vaccination in African American patients with heart failure: Findings from a large urban public hospital

Publication date: Available online 23 January 2020Source: Heart &LungAuthor(s): Titilope Olanipekun, Valery S. Effoe, Olalekan Olanipekun, Efehi Igbinomwanhia, Onaopepo Kola-Kehinde, Claudia Fotzeu, Nicolas Bakinde, Rachael HarrisAbstractBackgroundEvidence suggests that annual influenza vaccination may prevent acute heart failure exacerbation episodes and improve survival.ObjectiveDetermine the influenza vaccination rate among African American patients with heart failure and identify predictors of uptake.MethodsAfrican American patients with heart failure were recruited at Grady Memorial Hospital, Atlanta GA between October 1, 2017 and April 28, 2018 (N = 281). All participants completed a questionnaire.ResultsMean age of the sample was 50.5 ± 11.5 years (58% male). The influenza vaccination rate among the patients was 46% (n = 129/281). Patients who received vaccination information and recommendation from their physician, especially cardiologists, were significantly more likely to be vaccinated than those who did not (P
Source: Heart and Lung: The Journal of Acute and Critical Care - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 12 December 2019Source: American Heart JournalAuthor(s): Mark Loeb, Hisham Dokainish, Antonio Dans, Lia M Palileo-Villanueva, Ambuj Roy, Kamilu Karaye, Jun Zhu, Yan Liang, Fastone Goma, Albertino Damasceno, Khalid F AlHabib, Gerald Yonga, Charles Mondo, Wael Almahmeed, Arif Al Mulla, Salim Yusuf, IVVE investigators
Source: American Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 6 December 2019Source: American Journal of Kidney DiseasesAuthor(s): Junichi Ishigami, Yingying Sang, Morgan E. Grams, Josef Coresh, Alex Chang, Kunihiro MatsushitaRationale &ObjectiveInfluenza vaccination is recommended for all adults but particularly for older adults and those with high-risk conditions. Reduced kidney function is an important high-risk condition, but the effectiveness of influenza vaccination across kidney function is uncharacterized. We assessed the effectiveness of influenza vaccination among older adults with and without reduced kidney function.Study DesignObserv...
Source: American Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Conclusions: The findings indicate that hospitalizations are associated with a significant increase in mortality in patients recently diagnosed with HF. It is important to reinforce the need for the prevention of acute decompensated HF and for strategies to improve post-discharge outcomes. PMID: 31702737 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Archivos de Cardiologia de Mexico - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Arch Cardiol Mex Source Type: research
What can we expect from the flu season this year? Unfortunately, many experts are predicting an active, and possibly severe, flu season. This projection is based on data from Australia, where the flu season is just wrapping up. Australia was hit early and hard by flu this year: over 300,000 patients had laboratory-confirmed influenza, a record number of cases. Flu outbreaks in the Southern Hemisphere happen during our summers, and they often give us a clue as to what we should expect when the flu lands on our shores in the fall. Who should get the flu vaccine? Basically, everybody over the age of 6 months, except for those...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Cold and Flu Health Prevention Vaccines Source Type: blogs
In this study, we hypothesized that moderately and chronically reducing ACh could attenuate the deleterious effects of aging on NMJs and skeletal muscles. To test this hypothesis, we analyzed NMJs and muscle fibers from heterozygous transgenic mice with reduced expression of the vesicular ACh transporter (VAChT), VKDHet mice, which present with approximately 30% less synaptic ACh compared to control mice. Because ACh is constitutively decreased in VKDHet, we first analyzed developing NMJs and muscle fibers. We found no obvious morphological or molecular differences between NMJs and muscle fibers of VKDHet and contro...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
In this study, researchers studied 438,952 participants in the UK Biobank, who had a total of 24,980 major coronary events - defined as the first occurrence of non-fatal heart attack, ischaemic stroke, or death due to coronary heart disease. They used an approach called Mendelian randomisation, which uses naturally occurring genetic differences to randomly divide the participants into groups, mimicking the effects of running a clinical trial. People with genes associated with lower blood pressure, lower LDL cholesterol, and a combination of both were put into different groups, and compared against those without thes...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Conclusions: The findings indicate that hospitalizations are associated with a significant increase in mortality in patients recently diagnosed with HF. It is important to reinforce the need for the prevention of acute decompensated HF and for strategies to improve post-discharge outcomes. PMID: 31314009 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Archivos de Cardiologia de Mexico - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Arch Cardiol Mex Source Type: research
Background: Vaccination is a cheap and effective intervention that may prevent infection, which is a recognized trigger for cardiovascular events, and contributes to all-cause mortality. The annual influenza, and five-yearly pneumococcal and herpes zoster vaccinations, are provided free of cost to high-risk patients i.e. those with chronic conditions, indigenous people and those aged over 65. Western Sydney has a high prevalence of at-risk patients.
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: 146 Source Type: research
ConclusionsCompared with the unvaccinated ICU survivors, the influenza vaccinated ICU survivors had a lower 1-year risk of stroke and a lower 1-year risk of death, whereas no substantial association was observed for the risk of hospitalization for myocardial infarction, heart failure, or pneumonia. Our findings support influenza vaccination of individuals aged  ≥ 65 years.
Source: Intensive Care Medicine - Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research
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