IVC Ultrasonography Versus Plethysmographic Variability Index for Prediction of General Anesthesia Induction Hypotension

Condition:   Hypotension on Induction Interventions:   Device: IVC Ultrasonography;   Device: Plethysmographic variability index (PVI) and perfusion index readings (PI) Sponsor:   Cairo University Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials

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Conclusions Intraoperative oxidative damage was associated with increased postoperative delirium and neuronal injury, and the association between oxidative damage and neuronal injury was stronger among patients with increased blood –brain barrier disruption.Editor ’s PerspectiveWhat We Already Know about This TopicPostoperative delirium occurs in approximately 25% of cardiac surgery patients.Hyperoxic cerebral perfusion during cardiac surgery has been associated with increased postoperative delirium, and oxidative damage may mediate this association.What This Article Tells Us That Is NewIn a cohort of 400 cardi...
Source: Anesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsWeight loss and therapies targeting HC, TNF- α and CCL2, whether separately or in combination, may be beneficial to modulate rates of CSF secretion and/or resistance to CSF drainage pathways, both factors likely contributing to the raised intracranial pressure (ICP) observed in female IIH patients with obesity.
Source: Fluids and Barriers of the CNS - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
We report a case wherein preoperative MPI was negative for CAD but patient presented with acute coronary event in the postoperative period. We identify and evaluate the reasons for the failure of MPI in detection of CAD in our patient.
Source: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Source Type: research
We describe the case of a female patient proposed for laparoscopic bariatric surgery, conducted under an opioid-free anaesthesia protocol, the haemodynamic, ventilatory and analgesic control, and intra- and post-operative monitoring and complications.
Source: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 January 2020Source: Anaesthesia &Intensive Care MedicineAuthor(s): Geoff FrawleyAbstractAdvances in neonatal medicine have progressively increased the survival of premature infants. Increased survival has, however, come at the cost of increased number of infants with prematurity related complications. This is represented by high rates of respiratory distress syndrome, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, necrotising enterocolitis, sepsis, periventricular leukomalacia, intraventricular haemorrhage, cerebral palsy, hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy and visual and hearing problems in survivors....
Source: Anaesthesia and intensive care medicine - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
ute;lint AR, Krizbai IA, Bari F, Farkas E Abstract Spontaneous, recurrent spreading depolarizations (SD) are increasingly more appreciated as a pathomechanism behind ischemic brain injuries. Although the prostaglandin F2α - FP receptor signaling pathway has been proposed to contribute to neurodegeneration, it has remained unexplored whether FP receptors are implicated in SD or the coupled cerebral blood flow (CBF) response. We set out here to test the hypothesis that FP receptor blockade may achieve neuroprotection by the inhibition of SD. Global forebrain ischemia/reperfusion was induced in anesthetized rat...
Source: Neurobiology of Disease - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Neurobiol Dis Source Type: research
Condition:   Hypotension on Induction Interventions:   Device: IVC Ultrasonography;   Device: Plethysmographic variability index (PVI) and perfusion index readings (PI) Sponsor:   Cairo University Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
We report a patient with pituitary macroadenoma who was subjected to stress-MPI study for pre-anesthetic clearance. The post-stress raw image showed the liver radiotracer activity in close approximation to the anteroseptal wall of the left ventricular myocardium, secondary to right hemi-diaphragmatic eventration.
Source: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
PMID: 31957552 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Perfusion - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: Perfusion Source Type: research
Editor ’s PerspectiveWhat We Already Know about This TopicArterial pressure is a complex signal that is characterized by three primary components — systolic, diastolic, and mean pressure, along with a derived component, pulse pressure (systolic minus diastolic pressure)Each blood pressure component reflects distinct hemodynamic variables, and therefore presumably differently influences perfusion of various organsPrevious work identifies associations between intraoperative systolic and mean hypotension with myocardial and kidney injuryWhat This Article Tells Us That Is NewFor each blood pressure component, the a...
Source: Anesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
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