Rare acute idiopathic subdural hematoma: A case report and literature review.

Conclusion: This case report and literature review focused on the rarity of acute idiopathic/spontaneous subdural hematomas. PMID: 31966928 [PubMed]
Source: Surgical Neurology International - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

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AbstractBackgroundAtrial myxoma remains a rare clinical entity with an incidence of surgically resected cases of 0.5 –0.7 per million population and prevalence of
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
A 26-year-old female patient referred to our emergency service with complaint of increase headache and swelling of the left upper eye led. External examination of the head revealed left frontal scalp and left eye led swelling, which was soft and pulsatile. Brain computed tomography (CT) scan and magnetic resonance imaging showed left frontal soft tissue and left periorbital swelling with crowded left intraorbital contents. Brain CT angiography showed vascular mass lesion in the left frontal subcutaneous lesion. Six-vessel cerebral angiography showed left frontal scalp arteriovenous malformation (AVM) supplied from the righ...
Source: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: Technical Strategies Source Type: research
We report a case of moyamoya disease with epileptic nystagmus. A 23-year-old woman presented with a headache and transient hemiparesis on her left side. Magnetic resonance imaging showed no ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke lesions. Digital subtraction angiography confirmed stenosis of the terminal portion of the right internal carotid artery and the formation of moyamoya vessels on the right side. 123I-N-isopropyl-iodoamphetamine (123I-IMP) single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) showed decreased uptake in the right basal ganglia, frontal, and parietal regions. After electroencephalography (EEG) and a hyperventila...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
We report a case of a 58-year-old gentleman who presented with a 5-month history of headache and gradual progressive loss of vision in his left eye; ophthalmological assessment showed only light perception in his left eye with a relative afferent pupillary defect. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) revealed left parasellar region compressing and displacing the optic nerve medially. The lesion was hyperintense on Fat-saturated T1-weighted image (WI), T2-WI and time-of-flight MR angiography sequence raising the possibility of aneurysm. Computed tomography (CT) showed single, thin-walled expansible lesion at anterior clinoid pr...
Source: Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
Conclusions: Up to date, no data about PCIS and IVT are available from RTCs. Based on limited results from retrospective clinical studies and case series, IVT is safer for use in PCIS than in ACIS. Patients with brainstem ischemia, vertebral artery occlusion, and absence of basilar or posterior cerebral artery occlusion could be considered for treatment with IVT even in borderline cases. Time to IVT in PCIS seems to be a less crucial factor than in ACIS. IVT for PCIS may be beneficial even after 4.5 h from symptom onset. Introduction History of Intravenous Thrombolysis—The Most Relevant Studies Intravenous t...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Shanshan Zhang1, Dongli Yuan2 and Ge Tan1* 1Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China 2The Institute of Medical Information, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China Primary systemic vasculitis can affect every structure in both the central and peripheral nervous system, causing varied neurological manifestations of neurological dysfunction. Early recognition of the underlying causes of the neurological symptoms can facilitate timely treatment and improve the prognosis. This review highlights the clinical manifestations of primary systemic vasc...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
In this study, we aimed to elucidate the clinical features, neuroimaging characteristics and pathogenesis of IJVS, and explore their possible correlations, in attempt to provide useful clues for clinical diagnosis and treatment. Forty-three eligible patients with unilateral or bilateral IJVS confirmed by contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance venography of the brain and neck were enrolled in this study. Magnetic resonance imaging along with magnetic resonance angiography or computed tomography angiography was applied to identify the radiological pattern of parenchymal or arterial lesions. Cerebral perfusion and metabolism we...
Source: Thrombosis and Haemostasis - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Thromb Haemost Source Type: research
Rationale: Cerebral aneurysm is a common cause of intracranial hemorrhage, stroke, and death. It is treated with vascular surgeries, such as coil embolism and artery clipping. However, surgery itself is a risk factor that may cause rupture of aneurysm, and leads to irreversible brain damage, and even death. Rapid ventricular pacing (RVP) is a procedure that temporarily lowers blood pressure by increasing heart rate and reducing ventricular filling time. RVP has been widely used to reduce blood vessel tension in many cardiovascular surgeries. Patient concerns: A 46-year-old man came to our hospital with intermittent ri...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
Conclusion The retrosigmoid craniotomy is the best surgical approach for lateral tentorial DAVFs, as it provides a direct way to the fistula origin and permits a successful clipping of the draining vein.The link to the video can be found at: https://youtu.be/Fj3uqrTPX5c. [...] Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New YorkArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  open access Full text
Source: Journal of Neurological Surgery Part B: Skull Base - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Skull Base: Operative Videos Source Type: research
J Neurol Surg B DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1669974The case described in this video involved a 38-year-old man, who presented with a 4-week history of worsening acute-onset headache, nausea, double vision, and vertigo. On examination, he had impaired tandem gait and diplopia on right horizontal gaze. A computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a hyperdense lesion of the right cerebellopontine angle. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a nonenhancing middle cerebellar peduncle lesion that was isointense on T2-weighed imaging and hypointense on FLAIR imaging (Fig. 1A–B). The differential diagnoses for this lesion included c...
Source: Journal of Neurological Surgery Part B: Skull Base - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: Skull Base: Operative Videos Source Type: research
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