Patriscabrin F from the roots of Patrinia scabra attenuates LPS-induced inflammation by downregulating NF-κB, AP-1, IRF3, and STAT1/3 activation in RAW 264.7 macrophages

Conclusion: Taken together, our findings suggest patriscabrin F may exhibit anti-inflammatory properties via the inhibition of NF-κB, AP-1, IRF3, and JAK-STAT activation in LPS-induced macrophages.Graphical abstract
Source: Phytomedicine - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

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ConclusionsDHQ posed remarkable preventive and therapeutic effects on UUO-induced renal fibrosis and suppressed fibroblast activation by reducing oxidative stress and Smad3 phosphorylation via Nrf2 signaling. This study provided a mechanistic basis for the clinical application of DHQ in renal fibrosis treatment.
Source: Phytomedicine - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Abstract This investigation was made to examine the role of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), gibberellin A3 (GA3), 6-Benzylaminopurine (6-BA), and 24-epibrassinolide (EBL) in improving stress tolerance and phytoremediation of the cadmium (Cd) and uranium (U) by mustard (Brassica juncea L.). The optimum concentrations of IAA, GA3, 6-BA, and EBL were determined based on plant biomass production, metal uptake, translocation, and removal efficiency. The biomass and total chlorophyll content decreased under Cd and U stress. Nevertheless, the application of IAA, GA3, and 6-BA significantly (p 
Source: Chemosphere - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Chemosphere Source Type: research
Abstract Many reports suggest that exogenous Si addition could reduce Cd translocation to aerial part and make grain safe for rice production. But it remains unclear whether its supplementation during different growth phases can differentially impact Cd uptake in rice. Here, Positive effects of Si applied at different growth phases on biomass and yield of rice were observed. Dry weight of shoot including stem, leaf and grain was enhanced significantly by 15% when Si added at transplanting stage. Grain-yields supplied with Si at transplanting, jointing and heading stages were increased obviously by 14%, 11% and 12%...
Source: Chemosphere - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Chemosphere Source Type: research
d S Abstract Human Aquaporin 2 (AQP2) is a membrane-bound water channel found in the kidney collecting duct whose regulation by trafficking plays a key role in regulating urine volume. AQP2 trafficking is tightly controlled by the pituitary hormone arginine vasopressin (AVP), which stimulates translocation of AQP2 residing in storage vesicles to the apical membrane. The AVP-dependent translocation of AQP2 to and from the apical membrane is controlled by multiple phosphorylation sites in the AQP2 C-terminus, the phosphorylation of which alters its affinity to proteins within the cellular membrane protein traffickin...
Source: Vitamins and Hormones - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Vitam Horm Source Type: research
Ten-eleven translocation (TET) family enzymes (TET1, TET2, and TET3) oxidize 5-methylcytosine (5mC) and generate 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) marks on the genome. Each TET protein also interacts with specific binding partners and partly plays their role independent of catalytic activity. Although the basic role of TET enzymes is well established now, the...
Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Biological Sciences Source Type: research
by Ana Sofia Brito, Benjamin Neuh äuser, René Wintjens, Anna Maria Marini, Mélanie Boeckstaens The dimorphic transition from the yeast to the filamentous form of growth allows cells to explore their environment for more suitable niches and is often crucial for the virulence of pathogenic fungi. In contrast to their Mep1/3 paralogues, fungal Mep2-type ammonium transport proteins of the conse rved Mep-Amt-Rh family have been assigned an additional receptor role required to trigger the filamentation signal in response to ammonium scarcity. Here, genetic, kinetic and structure-function analyses were used to...
Source: PLoS Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Source Type: research
trán Tiznado Ruiz The expression of HIGD2A is dependent on oxygen levels, glucose concentration, and cell cycle progression. This gene encodes for protein HIG2A, found in mitochondria and the nucleus, promoting cell survival in hypoxic conditions. The genomic location of HIGD2A is in chromosome 5q35.2, where several chromosomal abnormalities are related to numerous cancers. The analysis of high definition expression profiles of HIGD2A suggests a role for HIG2A in cancer biology. Accordingly, the research objective was to perform a molecular biosystem analysis of HIGD2A aiming to discover HIG2A implications...
Source: Genes - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Capnophilic lactic fermentation (CLF) is a novel anaplerotic pathway able to convert sugars to lactic acid (LA) and hydrogen using CO2 as carbon enhancer in the hyperthermophilic bacterium Thermotoga neapolitana. In order to give further insights into CLF metabolic networks, we investigated the transcriptional modification induced by CO2 using a RNA-seq approach. Transcriptomic analysis revealed 1601 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in an enriched CO2 atmosphere over a total of 1938 genes of the T. neapolitana genome. Transcription of PFOR and LDH genes belonging to the CLF pathway was up-regulated by CO2 together wit...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
The research community has long used progeroid syndromes such as Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome and Werner syndrome as tools in the investigation of aging. This category of conditions are colloquially thought of as accelerated aging, but are in fact only a little similar to aging. The various underling genetic causes of progeria result in accelerated accumulation of cellular damage of various sorts, different in each case, leading to tissue dysfunction and outcomes that resemble a range of normal age-related conditions. Aging is itself a process of damage accumulation, so it isn't surprising to find some degree of si...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Daily News Source Type: blogs
This study provides important insights on the immunomodulatory properties of cell surface components in lactobacilli.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Functional Foods - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
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