Accelerated Resolution Therapy: Randomized Controlled Trial of a Complicated Grief Intervention.

We report on a randomized clinical trial (RCT) which examined whether accelerated resolution therapy (ART), a novel mind-body therapy, is effective in treating CG, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and depression among hospice informal caregivers. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Prospective 2 group, wait-listed RCT. All participants were scheduled to receive 4 ART sessions. INCLUSION: ≥60 years, inventory of CG>25, and PTSD checklist for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition>33 or Psychiatric Diagnostic Screen Questionnaire PTSD subscale>5. EXCLUSION: Major psychiatric disorder, other current psychotherapy treatment. Depression was measured by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression. RESULTS: Mean (standard deviation [SD]) age of 54 participants was 68.7 (7.2) years, 85% female, and 93% white. Participants assigned to ART reported significantly greater mean (SD) CG reduction (-22.8 [10.3]) versus Wait-list participants (-4.3 [6.0]). Within-participant effect sizes (ESs) for change from baseline to 8-week post-treatment were CG (ES = 1.96 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.45-2.47; P
Source: The American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care - Category: Palliative Care Authors: Tags: Am J Hosp Palliat Care Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS.: Based on four RCTs, with several study limitations and imprecision, it is uncertain whether EEG-NF reduces suicidal thoughts, PTSD symptoms, medication use, or improves function. Although all studies showed promising results, further studies are needed to increase the certainty of evidence. PMID: 32093790 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Psychiatry Source Type: research
Stress related to our mental well-being, including that associated with depression, anxiety, and PTSD, is difficult to measure in practice. Levels of cortisol, a steroid hormone, are closely linked to changes in one’s mental state and blood tes...
Source: Medgadget - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Diagnostics Materials Psychiatry Source Type: blogs
Da Costa originally described Soldier's Heart in the 19th Century as a syndrome that occurred on the battlefield in soldiers of the American Civil War. Soldier's Heart involved symptoms similar to modern day posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as well as exaggerated cardiovascular reactivity felt to be related to an abnormality of the heart. Interventions were appropriately focused on the cardiovascular system. With the advent of modern psychoanalysis, psychiatric symptoms became divorced from the body and were relegated to the unconscious. Later, the physiology of PTSD and other psychiatric disorders was conceived as sol...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research
BACKGROUNDS: Austerity has been shown to have an adverse influence on people's mental health and suicide rates. Most existing studies have focused on the governments' reactions to a single event, for example, the Great Recession of 2008. METHODS: T...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
The definition of alcoholism is physical dependence on alcohol to the extent that stopping alcohol use would bring on withdrawal symptoms. Alcoholism may also be used to refer to ingrained drinking habits that cause health or social problems. Alcohol dependence can have many serious effects on the brain, liver, and other organs of the body, some of which can lead to death. Individuals who suffer from alcoholism can differ from each other in many ways. However, there are recognizable symptoms of alcoholism, high-functioning alcoholism, and a means to diagnose alcoholism. Symptoms of Alcoholism Alcoholism symptoms differ fo...
Source: Cliffside Malibu - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Alcohol Alcohol Rehab Information Alcoholism Detox Resources for Alcohol and Drugs/Opiates alcohol abuse alcohol dependency alcohol detox alcohol treatment alcohol treatment center alcohol treatment facility alcohol use Source Type: blogs
Conditions:   Post Traumatic Stress Disorder;   Suicidal Ideation Intervention:   Behavioral: CLASP-PE arm Sponsor:   The University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
While there is robust evidence about the concurrent side effects of antimalarial drugs, few studies have examined health effects that persist months or years after the drug was stopped. A new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine finds there is currently insufficient evidence to determine whether there is an association between antimalarial use and neurologic and psychiatric outcomes, including anxiety, depression, and the development of symptoms that mimic post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Further research is warranted because existing studies are limited in their design. The repor...
Source: News from the National Academies - Category: Science Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: Being deployed without one's home unit (individual-augmentee) and low perceived deployment preparedness are risk factors for mental health symptoms and substance use in male service members. However, these relationships have not been examined s...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial stressors in the workplace can be detrimental to mental health. Conflicts at work, e.g. aggression, hostility or threats from coworkers, supervisors or customers, can be considered a psychosocial stressor, possibly increasing risk ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
This chapter describes how chronic conflict, warfare, and persecution, as lived experiences, have created significant mental distress in communities on the African continent. There is a growing body of research that highlights increasing mental distress in Africa e.g., about sexuality, health, disease, modernity, climate, politics, culture, religion, ethnicities, race, economies etc. Many of these stresses and uncertainties are driven by political persecution, war, and conflict. This has shaped many African people’s attitudes and government policies and an increasing scholarly interest in exploring these “uncer...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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