Baicalin Reduces Early Brain Injury after Subarachnoid Hemorrhage in Rats

AbstractObjectiveTo evaluate the effect of baicalin on subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in rats and explore the potential mechanisms.MethodsSprague-Dawley rats underwent experimental SAH and received treatment with baicalin at 10 or 50 mg/kg after 2 and 12 h of SAH. Neurological scores, brain water content, Evans-blue extravasation, and levels of glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), superoxide dismutase (SOD), myeloperoxidase (MPO), and malondialdehyde (MDA) were measured 24 h after SAH. Expression of nuclear factor erythroid-related factor 2 (Nrf2), NAD(P)H: quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), aquaporin 4 (AQP4), occludin, and zonulaoccludens-1 (ZO-1) were detected in the brain by Western blot. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) was detected by quantitative polymerase chain reaction, and tumor necrosis factor- α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) were assessed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.ResultsBaicalin attenuated EBI 24 h after SAH in rats (P
Source: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research

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Authors: Hannon MJ, Thompson CJ Abstract Hyponatremia is a frequent occurrence in patients with neurosurgical disorders. Acute onset hyponatremia is particularly common in patients who have any type of cerebral insult, including traumatic brain injury, subarachnoid hemorrhage, and brain tumors. Furthermore, it is a common complication of intracranial procedures. Acute hyponatremia creates an osmotic gradient between the brain and the plasma, which promotes the movement of water from the plasma into brain cells, causing cerebral edema and neurological compromise. It is therefore far more likely to be symptomatic, an...
Source: Frontiers of Hormone Research - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Front Horm Res Source Type: research
This study shows that CA are released from periventricular and subpial regions to the cerebrospinal fluid and are present in the cervical lymph nodes, into which cerebrospinal fluid drains through the meningeal lymphatic system. We also show that CA can be phagocytosed by macrophages. We conclude that CA can act as containers that remove waste products from the brain and may be involved in a mechanism that cleans the brain. Moreover, we postulate that CA may contribute in some autoimmune brain diseases, exporting brain substances that interact with the immune system, and hypothesize that CA may contain brain markers that m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Discussion: Results of the trial could provide insight into influence of lidocaine on local and systemic inflammatory response in cerebrovascular surgery, and might improve future anesthesia practice and treatment outcome. Trial is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT03823482.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Study Protocol Clinical Trial Source Type: research
ConclusionWe highlighted how pituitary apoplexy may mimic the clinical findings of an infectious meningoencephalitis, learning points on how clinical assessment can aid earlier diagnosis and the importance of considering this differential diagnosis, particularly with the associated morbidity and mortality.
Source: Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
Conclusions This review describes how leukocyte-heparanase can be a double-edged sword in tumor progression; it can enhance tumor immune surveillance and tumor cell clearance, but also promote tumor survival and growth. We also discuss the potential of using heparanase in leukocyte therapies against tumors, and the effects of heparanase inhibitors on tumor progression and immunity. We are just beginning to understand the influence of heparanase on a pro/anti-tumor immune response, and there are still many questions to answer. How do the pro/anti-tumorigenic effects of heparanase differ across different cancer types? Does...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Magnesium sulfate is an important adjuvant drug in the practice of anesthesia, with several clinical effects and a low incidence of adverse events when used at recommended doses. Introduction Magnesium is the fourth most common ion in the body, and it participates in several cellular processes, including protein synthesis, neuromuscular function and stability of nucleic acid, as well as regulating other electrolytes such as calcium and sodium. Magnesium acts as a cofactor in protein synthesis, neuromuscular function and stability and the function of nucleic acids. It is a component of adenosine 5-triph...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Hongye Zhao1,2, Tiezheng Zheng1, Xiaohan Yang1, Ming Fan3, Lingling Zhu3, Shuhong Liu3, Liying Wu3 and Changkai Sun1,4* 1Department of Physiology and Key Laboratory of Brain Diseases of Liaoning Province, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Dalian Medical University, Dalian, China 2Department of Physiology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Qiqihar Medical University, Qiqihar, China 3Department of Brain Protection and Plasticity, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Academy of Military Medical Sciences, Beijing, China 4Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Electronic Information and Electrical Engineerin...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThese findings showed that DLA can alleviate BBB injury following SAH through its anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic effects via suppression of TLR4 and its downstream NF-κB and p38 MAPK pathways.
Source: Neuroscience Letters - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
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