Parameters of reported childhood sexual abuse and assault in adolescents and adults with borderline personality disorder - Temes CM, Magni LR, Aguirre BA, Goodman M, Ridolfi ME, Zanarini MC.

OBJECTIVE: Prior research has demonstrated a link between childhood sexual abuse and borderline personality disorder (BPD) in adolescents and adults and has indicated that more severe abuse is related to poorer psychosocial functioning. The present study d...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

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This study used mediation analyses to examine the assumption that the presence of borderline personality features mediates the relationship between rejection sensitivity (RS), self-compassion, and aggressive behavior. Sixty adults consisting of 31 particip...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Violence and Weapons Issues Source Type: news
This study sought to explore these variables via moderated mediation, investigating the mediating influence of coping styles on the association between BPD symptoms and social role dysfunction and if these associations were further moderated by gender. Participants (N = 233) were outpatients attending a programme for personality dysfunction. Participants completed measures of BPD symptoms, coping styles and social role dysfunction. Moderated mediation indicated that for women, emotion‐oriented coping and social diversion‐oriented coping mediated the associ ation between BPD symptoms and social dysfunction. Wh...
Source: Personality and Mental Health - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
Nonsuicidal self-injury disorder (NSSID) is a condition in need of further study, especially in adolescent and clinical populations where it is particularly prevalent and studies are limited. Twenty-nine clinical self-injuring adolescents were included in the study. The Clinical Assessment of Nonsuicidal Self-Injury Disorder Index (CANDI) was used to assess prevalence of NSSID. The NSSID diagnosis criteria were met by 62.1% of adolescents. The impairment or distress criterion was least often met. Criteria B and C (assessing reasons for NSSI and cognitions/emotions prior to NSSI) were confirmed by 96–100% of all parti...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe study provides information on feasibility and methodological challenges such as intervention effects of the diary. NSSI-images may be common among individuals who engage in NSSI; they may capture ambivalent (positive and negative) appraisals of NSSI and thus play a role in NSSI and possibly a disorder such as NSSID. The preoccupation with NSSI (Criterion C of NSSID in DSM-5) may as well be imagery-based.RegistrationThe study was retrospectively registered with the DRKS under the number DRKS00011854.
Source: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
BACKGROUND: Self-injurious behaviours (SIB) occur frequently in individuals with borderline personality disorder (BPD). While multiple factors may explain the association between SIB and BPD, studies in adults have pointed to dissociation as factor worth c...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
DiscussionThis is the first randomized controlled trial to determine the effects of supplementation with synbiotics on reducing impulsive and compulsive behavior. This clinical trial can contribute to explaining the mechanisms involved in the crosstalk between the intestinal microbiome and the brain. If effects can be established by reducing impulsive and compulsive behavior, new cost-effective treatments might become available to these patients.Trial registrationClinicalTrials.gov,NCT03495375. Registered on 26 February 2018.
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
This study aimed to investigate whole-brain functional connectivity (FC), as measured by functional connectivity density (FCD), and its relationship with AVH in BPD. 65 pharmacotherapy treatment-naïve female BPD patients (30 with AVH and 35 without AVH), and 35 female healthy controls were investigated. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data were collected to assess whole-brain FC and functional connectivity density mapping (FCDM) was applied to the fMRI data to compute FCD features. Compared to the healthy controls, both BPD groups (BPD-AVH and BPD without AVH) exhibited significantly higher gFCD values in...
Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research
Genetic factors underlying different personality traits are not entirely understood, particularly how genes interact to modulate their effect. We studied 76 patients diagnosed with borderline personality disor...
Source: BMC Research Notes - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Research note Source Type: research
ConclusionHigher levels of dissociation were associated with more engagement with suicidal thoughts but did not necessarily contribute to SIB. Further research into differential patterns of association of self ‐injury in patients with BPD may investigate other models where dissociation may more strongly factor into outcomes. © 2020 John Wiley&Sons, Ltd.
Source: Personality and Mental Health - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
This article addresses these issues from the perspective of phenomenological psychopathology. The primary goal of the article is to suggest a new way of assessing and distinguishing the alterations of social attention in subjects with mental disorders. The first part of the article characterizes the essential properties of a capacity for social attention based on multidisciplinary evidence. This model is then used to examine anomalies in social attention in autism, schizophrenia, borderline personality disorder, and social anxiety disorder. The analysis of alterations in the way subjects with different types of pathologies...
Source: Consciousness and Cognition - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Conscious Cogn Source Type: research
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