Late-stage cancers dropped after Mass. health expansion

The number of late-stage colon cancer diagnoses dropped in Massachusetts after...Read more on
Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news

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Authors: Liang H Abstract The aim of the present study was to determine the mechanism by which advanced glycation end products (AGEs) induce proliferation, invasion and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of human colon cancer SW480 cells. SW480 cells were divided into groups as follows: i) Control; ii) cells treated with AGEs alone; and iii) cells treated with AGEs combined with LY294002. Proliferation, cell cycle progression, apoptosis, invasion and migration of SW480 cells were assessed using an MTT assay, flow cytometry, Transwell assays and a wound healing assay, respectively. The protein expression levels...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Authors: Kim MY Abstract Induction of apoptosis in human cancer cells by Sasa quelpaertensis Nakai has been considered to be a potential therapeutic target for cancer treatment; however, the underlying mechanisms of action are not well understood. The present study investigated the role of nitric oxide (NO•) and inhibitors of apoptosis (IAPs) during apoptosis induced by Sasa quelpaertensis Nakai extracts (SQE) in p53-wild type (WT) and p53-null HCT116 colon carcinoma cells. Trypan blue exclusion and Annexin V/propidium iodide assays were used to test for antiproliferation, and apoptosis and cell cycle. Griess ...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our method of measuring concordance was feasible on a population-based level, but future studies to validate it and to develop more sophisticated methods to measure concordance in larger cohorts and various disease sites are necessary. Measurement of clinical pathway concordance on a population-based level has the potential to be a useful tool for assessing system performance. PMID: 32218665 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Curr Oncol Source Type: research
In conclusion, we show that in colon cancer, hypoxia drives macrophages into a pro-inflammatory phenotype, concomitant with increased infiltration of anti-tumor immune cells, favoring better disease outcome.
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
This study aimed to characterize the ATP-synthesis by oxidative phosphorylation in colorectal cancer (CRC) and premalignant colon polyps in relation to molecular biomarkers KRAS and BRAF. This prospective study included 48 patients. Resected colorectal polyps and postoperative CRC tissue with adjacent normal tissue (control) were collected. Patients with polyps and CRC were divided into three molecular groups: KRAS mutated, BRAF mutated and KRAS/BRAF wild-type. Mitochondrial respiration in permeabilized tissue samples was observed using high resolution respirometry. ADP-activated respiration rate (Vmax) and an apparent aff...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Objectives: Patients with high-risk stage II colon cancer (CC) are recommended to undergo adjuvant chemotherapy (ACT). However, whether such patients can benefit from ACT remains unclear. This meta-analysis aimed to investigate the clinicopathologic parameters that are important for selecting patients for ACT in high-risk stage II CC. Methods: We systematically retrieved articles from PubMed, the Cochrane Library, and Embase that were published up to September 13, 2018. We analyzed overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) based on hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Results: A total...
Source: American Journal of Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Original Articles: Gastrointestinal Source Type: research
Contributors : Shin Takahashi ; Kota Ouchi ; Akira Okita ; Keigo KomineSeries Type : Expression profiling by arrayOrganism : Homo sapiensThe purpose of this study is to explore biomarkers related to clinical outcomes of OX and IRI as TR in the TRICOLORE trial, and a mutational analysis of colon-cancer-related genes, immunohistochemical staining, DNA methylation status, and a comprehensive gene expression analysis were performed as translational research (TR)
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by array Homo sapiens Source Type: research
o Gangemi The human microbiota is made up of the fungi, bacteria, protozoa and viruses cohabiting within the human body. An altered microbiota can provoke diseases such as cancer. The mechanisms by which a modified microbiota can intervene in the onset and progression of neoplastic diseases are manifold. For instance, these include the effects on the immune system and the onset of obesity. A different mechanism seems to be constituted by the continuous and bidirectional relationships existing between microbiota and miRNAs. MiRNAs emerged as a novel group of small endogenous non-coding RNAs from that control gene expres...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Liver cancer is the third most common cause of cancer related death in the World. From an epidemiological point of view the risk factors associated to primary liver cancer are mainly viral hepatitis infection and alcohol consumption. Even though there is a clear correlation between liver inflammation, cirrhosis and cancer, other emerging liver diseases (like fatty liver) could also lead to liver cancer. Moreover, the liver is the major site of metastasis from colon, breast, ovarian and other cancers. In this review we will address the peculiar status of the liver as organ that has to balance between tolerance and immune ac...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
This study was designed to assess the possible relationships between CV abnormalities and cancer among RA/PsA/AS patients. Between March 2014 and March 2015, 414 patients (214 RA, 125 PsA, and 75 SA) in sinus rhythm without known cardiac disease underwent clinical and color Doppler echocardiographic evaluation and were prospectively followed up. Patients had a mean age of 58  ± 12 years, 64% women. Forty-two patients (10.1%) had a diagnosis of cancer (made before enrollment in 24 cases and in 18 cases during the 36 months of follow-up). Skin cancer was the most frequent malignancy found, foll...
Source: Internal and Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
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