Renal risk profiling in newly diagnosed hypertensives in an urban population in Nigeria
Introduction: Hypertension is a cause and consequence of chronic kidney disease globally. The other factors that work in concert with hypertension to cause CKD are yet to be clearly elucidated. Studies have identified proteinuria, dyslipidemia, obesity, smoking and family history of CKD as renal risk factors. Due to the high morbidity and mortality associated with occurrence of CKD including the enormous financial burden involved in its management, the knowledge of prevention and understanding of the risk factors for development of CKD is highly essential. Therefore, Identifying well defined risk factors that display strong graded association with the occurrence and progression of CKD can help in elucidating potential targets for disease modification.Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of renal risk factors and their impact on kidney function in newly diagnosed hypertensive Nigerians.Methods: This was a case control study of two hundred and fifty newly diagnosed hypertensive Nigerians recruited from two contiguous hospitals in an urban setting in south western Nigeria. Another group of two hundred and fifty apparently healthy age and sex matched normotensive Nigerians in the same community were recruited as controls.Results: Seventy (28%) of the newly diagnosed hypertensives had estimated glomerular filtration rate of less than 60ml/min, while 42.4% and 18.8% of the subjects and the controls had microalbuminuria respectively. The newly diagnosed h...
CONCLUSIONS: In the present systematic review and meta-analyses, varenicline was shown to reduce alcohol craving but not improve drinking-related outcomes in subjects with AUDs. PMID: 32097546 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Lee YM, Park SH, Lee DH Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to propose a new hypothesis for the role of lipophilic chemical mixtures stored in adipose tissue in the development of dementia. Specifically, we present how the dynamics of these chemicals can explain the unexpected findings from the Action for Health in Diabetes (Look AHEAD) study, which failed to show long-term benefits of intentional weight loss on cognition, despite substantial improvements in many known risk factors for dementia. Moreover, we discuss how the role of obesity in the risk of dementia can change depending on the dynami...
Publication date: Available online 25 February 2020Source: Evaluation and Program PlanningAuthor(s): Tanis J. Walch, Richard R. Rosenkranz, Michaela A. Schenkelberg, Bronwyn S. Fees, David A. Dzewaltowski
Conclusions Interprofessional SUD educational interventions improved health professions students’ knowledge, skills, and attitudes toward SUDs and interprofessional collaboration. Future SUD curriculum design should emphasize assessment and measure changes in students’ behaviors and patient or health care outcomes. Interprofessional SUD education can be instrumental in preparing the future workforce to manage this pressing and complex public health threat.
Conclusion: The prevalence of HDV-Ag among asymptomatic treatment naïve chronic hepatitis B patients in Abeokuta was 11% and there was no significant difference in the levels of HBV DNA and HBsAg among those with or without hepatitis D. PMID: 32096684 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
In this study, we investigated the genetic contribution to renal disease in Tiwi Islanders by conducting a GWAS, in which associations were tested between SNP genetic variants and single measure ACR levels. A number of nominally significantly associated SNPs were identified. These SNPs did not reach genome wide significance, probably due to the small sample size. The top eight SNPs were re-tested for association in a separately collected cohort from the same population. Four of these SNPs were significantly associated with ACR in the replication sample (p
Conclusion Overall lifestyle changes, even within a year, were found to influence the incidence of proteinuria. PMID: 28626171 [PubMed - in process]
Hypertension is a risk factor for renal diseases, which, in turn, are precursors of hypertension. The authors assessed the prevalence and determinants of chronic kidney disease (CKD) among 336 hypertensive adult Cameroonians (mean age, 60.9±11.3 years; 63.4% women) at Yaoundé. Any participant with an estimated glomerular filtration rate