Prevalence and determinants of hypertension among students of the University of Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo: a cross-sectional study

Background: The 2017 ACC/AHA Guideline categorized blood pressure into 4 levels:normal (SBP
Source: African Health Sciences - Category: African Health Source Type: research

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Authors: Abstract Stillbirth is one of the most common adverse pregnancy outcomes, occurring in 1 in 160 deliveries in the United States. In developed countries, the most prevalent risk factors associated with stillbirth are non-Hispanic black race, nulliparity, advanced maternal age, obesity, preexisting diabetes, chronic hypertension, smoking, alcohol use, having a pregnancy using assisted reproductive technology, multiple gestation, male fetal sex, unmarried status, and past obstetric history. Although some of these factors may be modifiable (such as smoking), many are not. The study of specific causes of stil...
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
Authors: Abstract Stillbirth is one of the most common adverse pregnancy outcomes, occurring in 1 in 160 deliveries in the United States. In developed countries, the most prevalent risk factors associated with stillbirth are non-Hispanic black race, nulliparity, advanced maternal age, obesity, preexisting diabetes, chronic hypertension, smoking, alcohol use, having a pregnancy using assisted reproductive technology, multiple gestation, male fetal sex, unmarried status, and past obstetric history. Although some of these factors may be modifiable (such as smoking), many are not. The study of specific causes of stil...
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
The objective of this research article was to assess the trend of hospitalization, epidemiological characteristics and economic burden in the young adult, aged 18–45 years, presenting with atrial fibrillation.MethodsHospitalization data from the National Inpatient Sample between 2005 and 2015 were used to analyze prevalence of risk factors and financial burden in young adults with atrial fibrillation.ResultsFrom 2005 to 2015, a total of 260,080 admissions were included in the study. From 2005 to 2015, there was a decreasing trend of total admissions with atrial fibrillation among the age group of 18–45 years co...
Source: Heart and Lung: The Journal of Acute and Critical Care - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
This study aimed to assess the association between childhood socioeconomic status and adult health in Botswana.Subjects and methodsThis article uses data from the ‘Chronic Non-communicable Diseases in Botswana: Chronic disease prevalence, Health care Utilization, Health Expenditure and the Life course’ survey (the NCD study) conducted in Botswana in 2016. The NCD study adopted a cross-sectional design. A total sample of 1178 adult men and women aged 15 y ears and above from three cities and towns, 15 urban villages and 15 rural areas across Botswana was derived using a multistage probability-sampling techn...
Source: Journal of Public Health - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are worldwide public health problems, affecting up to 25 –30% (NAFLD), and up to 10–15% (CKD) of the general population. Recently, it has also been established that there is a strong association between NAFLD and CKD, regardless of the presence of potential confounding diseases such as obesity, hypertension and type 2 diabetes. Since NAFLD and CKD are both common diseases that often occur alongside other metabolic conditions, such as type 2 diabetes or metabolic syndrome, elucidating the relative impact of NAFLD on the risk of incident C...
Source: Journal of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 8 February 2020Source: Canadian Journal of CardiologyAuthor(s): Ernesto L. SchiffrinAbstractLarge conduit arteries and the microcirculation participate in the mechanisms of elevation of blood pressure (BP). Large vessels play roles predominantly in older subjects, with stiffening progressing after middle age leading to increases in systolic BP found in most humans with aging. Systolic BP elevation and increased pulsatility penetrate deeper into the distal vasculature, leading to microcirculatory injury and remodeling, and associated endothelial dysfunction. The result is target organ dama...
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
If you were to sum up the overall health of a nation in one single number, what would that be? At the top of the list, you would likely find average life expectancy — the total number of years, on average, that a person in a country can expect to live. Wars, famine, and economic crises are expected to lower life expectancy. Breakthroughs in science, strong economies, and behaviors like eating a healthy diet, exercising, and avoiding tobacco typically raise average life expectancy. An amazing rise, a surprising fall Between 1959 and 2014, the United States experienced an unprecedented increase in life expectancy, whic...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Addiction Health Health care disparities Men's Health Women's Health Source Type: blogs
Abstract Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a combination of cardiovascular risk factors including obesity, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, insulin resistance, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and diastolic heart failure. This syndrome has been identified as one of the greatest global health challenges of the 21st century. Herein, we examine in a porcine model of diet-induced MetS whether cardiovascular, metabolic, gut microbiota and functional metataxonomic changes mimic those observed in human studies. Landrace pigs with mineralocorticoid-induced hypertension fed a high-fat, salt and sugar diet (HFD) over 12 weeks were...
Source: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology - Category: Physiology Authors: Tags: Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol Source Type: research
Authors: Serradilla Martín M, Oliver Guillén JR, Palomares Cano A, Ramia Ángel JM Abstract The term "metabolic syndrome" refers to a group of alterations comprising central obesity reduced high-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations, elevated triglyceride concentrations, arterial hypertension, and hyperglycemia. This syndrome has established itself as one of the epidemics of the 21st century. Among its causative agents are insulin resistance, leptin and adiponectin, changes in microbiota, and epigenetics. Its incidence in the European population is estimated to be around 25%. ...
Source: Revista Espanola de Enfermedades Digestivas - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Rev Esp Enferm Dig Source Type: research
By ALYA AHMAD, MD Call it what you want, white privilege and health disparity appear to be two sides of the same coin. We used to consider ethnic or genetic variants as risk factors, prognostic to health conditions. However, the social determinants of health (SDOH) have increasingly become more relevant as causes of disease prevalence and complexity in health care. As a pediatric hospitalist in the San Joaquin Valley region, I encounter these social determinants daily. They were particularly evident as I treated a 12-year old Hispanic boy who was admitted with a ruptured appendix and developed a complicated abscess,...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health disparities Medical Practice Patients Alya Ahmad California health disparity health equity San Joaquin Valley SDoH Social Determinants of Health Source Type: blogs
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