An overview on medicinal perspective of thiazolidine-2,4-dione: A remarkable scaffold in the treatment of type 2 diabetes

Publication date: Available online 22 January 2020Source: Journal of Advanced ResearchAuthor(s): Garima Bansal, Punniyakoti Veeraveedu Thanikachalam, Rahul K Maurya, Pooja Chawla, Srinivasan RamamurthyAbstractDiabetes or diabetes mellitus is a complex or polygenic disorder, which is characterized by increased levels of glucose (hyperglycemia) and deficiency in insulin secretion or resistance to insulin over an elongated period in the liver and peripheral tissues. Thiazolidine-2,4-dione (TZD) is a privileged scaffold and an outstanding heterocyclic moiety in the field of drug discovery, which provides various opportunities in exploring this moiety as an antidiabetic agent. In the past few years, various novel synthetic approaches had been undertaken to synthesize different derivatives to explore them as more potent antidiabetic agents with devoid of side effects (i.e., edema, weight gain, and bladder cancer) of clinically used TZD (pioglitazone and rosiglitazone). In this review, an effort has been made to summarize the up to date research work of various synthetic strategies for TZD derivatives as well as their biological significance and clinical studies of TZDs in combination with other category as antidiabetic agents. This review also highlights the structure-activity relationships and the molecular docking studies to convey the interaction of various synthesized novel derivatives with its receptor site.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Advanced Research - Category: Research Source Type: research

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AR, López-Hernández Y Abstract Chronic exposure to arsenic (As), whether directly through the consumption of contaminated drinking water or indirectly through the daily intake of As-contaminated food, is a health threat for more than 150 million people worldwide. Epidemiological studies found an association between chronic consumption of As and several pathologies, the most common being cancer-related disorders. However, As consumption has also been associated with metabolic disorders that could lead to diverse pathologies, such as type 2 diabetes mellitus, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, and obesi...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
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Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
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Source: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Authors: Wierzba W, Śliwczynski A, Karnafel W, Dziemidok P, Pinkas J Abstract Introduction: Many epidemiological studies show a correlation between the risk of cancer and type 2 diabetes mellitus in various populations. Material and methods: The material was obtained from the database of the National Health Fund. This publication presents a comparison of the incidence of new malignancies in rural and urban populations of diabetic patients in Poland based on the database of the National Health Fund for the period between 1.05.2008 and 30.09.2014. Results: Comparison of the mean incidence of selected maligna...
Source: Archives of Medical Science - Category: General Medicine Tags: Arch Med Sci Source Type: research
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Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
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Source: European Journal of Epidemiology - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
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Source: Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
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Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn line with previous meta-analyses, we observed a small but statistically significant association between ever (vs. never) use of pioglitazone and bladder cancer risk; however, causality is not established and alternative explanations cannot be ruled out.
Source: Diabetology International - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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