What can you do to reduce the risk of birth defects?

You’ve done it! You’ve taken that last birth control pill, removed your IUD, or stopped using your contraceptive method of choice. You’ve made the decision to try to conceive a pregnancy, and while this is an exciting time in your life, it can also feel overwhelming. There is so much advice around fertility and pregnancy, and sifting through it all just isn’t possible. For many mothers, their goals crystallize around ensuring that their baby is healthy. Evidence-based steps that may prevent birth defects January is Birth Defects Prevention Month, so we want to focus on things you can do to reduce the risk of birth defects. I always encourage my patients to think about the steps they can take to make sure their baby is healthy. Scheduling a preconception visit is a good place to start. At that visit, we can review any medical problems women have, which medications they are taking, and which medications they can continue during pregnancy. While many medications are safe during pregnancy, there are others that should be stopped prior to conception, as those are known to cause birth defects. It is particularly important that women with other medical problems, such as diabetes, attend a preconception counseling visit, as having better control of their diabetes can decrease their risk of birth defects. Get vaccinated It is also important that women are up to date with their vaccinations, including the ones for measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR), influenza, an...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Family Planning and Pregnancy Fertility Vaccines Women's Health Source Type: blogs

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Publication date: Available online 17 February 2020Source: Journal of Alloys and CompoundsAuthor(s): Pei Yang, Ziqi Zhu, Xinghui Li, Tao Zhang, Wei Zhang, Minzhi Chen, Xiaoyan ZhouAbstractSynthesizing carbon dots (CDs) with efficient long-wavelength emissions (i.e., yellow-to red light) generally suffer from sophisticated approaches, time-consuming process, harsh conditions, and requirement of organic solvent; also, a further limitation of the resulting CDs is relatively low quantum yield (QY) in aqueous solution. Herein, novel yellow emitting CDs (Y-CDs) with a considerable QY of 62.8% were synthesized from a precursor co...
Source: Journal of Alloys and Compounds - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
ConclusionThe practice of health promotion behaviour varies among patients, individually tailored interventions and motivation is needed.
Source: Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 February 2020Source: Clinical Epidemiology and Global HealthAuthor(s): Hombaiah Chandana, B. Madhu, M.R. Narayana MurthyAbstractIntroductionGlobally, cervical cancer is the 4th most common cancer and is one of the leading cancers causing death in India. Cervical cancer is one of those cancers which can be easily prevented by screening women who are aged above 30 years and by vaccinating young girls against HPV. Lack of awareness about cervical cancer makes early detection and timely screening difficult. Awareness about cervical cancer among people will help us to decide on an appropria...
Source: Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
INTRODUCTION: Modafinil is a wakefulness-promoting stimulant that has been approved by the Republic of Singapore Air Force (RSAF) as a fatigue countermeasure medication since 2011. Each RSAF aircrew member must undergo a ground test to exclude opera...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
In 2010, special rehabilitation measures for multiple traffic offenders were abolished. Instead a new rehabilitation measure, a voluntary "driving fitness seminar" was introduced; in comparison fewer multiple traffic offenders can benefit from rehabilitati...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
If the blood alcohol concentration has already dropped back to zero per mille after drunkenness, however, the mental and physical limitations can persist for up to 20 hours after usually high alcohol consumption. In such cases, it is called the hangover (c...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
In court, the degree of alcoholization of a defendant or witness is an important aspect in many cases. However, there is often a lack of time-related breath alcohol and blood alcohol concentration measurements. The absence of this important data leads to a...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
ConclusionThe association of antibiotic and surgical therapy seems to be more effective compared to each one alone. The lack of comparison studies and randomized controlled trials makes it difficult to give information about the efficacy of the different management therapies.
Source: The Surgeon - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
This article outlines the components of the interlinked endocrine, metabolic, immune and haemodynamic responses and discusses the ways in which the various components of the response can be modified in order to optimize postoperative recovery and to reduce complications. The role of vitamin supplementation and the controversial element of glucocorticoids is also discussed.
Source: Surgery (Oxford) - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Questions about alcohol use, particularly in young adults, who might not realize they are at risk for alcohol-related liver disease, are needed in clinical care, warn researchers.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Critical Care Headlines - Category: Intensive Care Tags: Gastroenterology News Source Type: news
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