The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice 2019 Highlights

This article provides highlights of the clinically impactful original studies and reviews published in The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice in 2019 on the subjects of anaphylaxis, asthma, dermatitis, drug allergy, food allergy, immunodeficiency, immunotherapy, rhinitis/sinusitis, and urticaria/angioedema/mast cell disorders. Within each topic, practical aspects of diagnosis and management are emphasized. Treatments discussed include lifestyle modifications, allergen avoidance therapy, positive and negative effects of pharmacologic therapy, and various forms of immunologic and desensitization management. We designed this review to help readers consolidate and use this extensive and practical knowledge for the benefit of their patients.
Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research

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Conclusions: When examining OS using stratified meta-analysis, we did not demonstrate significant differences in IO efficacy according to patient age, PS or race, though data on race were sparse.
Source: American Journal of Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Original Articles: Experimental therapeutics Source Type: research
This article provides an overview of the current state of knowledge of the clinical experience using radiation therapy in combination with immune therapy and discusses the rationale for integrating these 2 modalities in the treatment of advanced non–small cell lung cancer. Available data supports the use of radiation therapy in combination with immunotherapy to achieve improved local and systemic tumor control. Evidence from the early clinical trials has shown that using radiation therapy and immune checkpoint blockade therapies together produces a greater clinical effect than using either modality alone. To maximize...
Source: American Journal of Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Review updated recommendations in ACIP's 2020 child and adolescent immunization schedule for persons aged 18 years or younger.Morbidity &Mortality Weekly Report
Source: Medscape Allergy Headlines - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Public Health & Prevention Journal Article Source Type: news
Abstract Chlorogenic acid is a widely distributed natural compound with many important pharmacological effects, which are found in a variety of plants. It is also an important secondary metabolite in plants. As a natural plant extract from a wide range of sources, in vitro and in vivo studies have found that the main pharmacological effects of chlorogenic acid are antioxidant, antiinflammatory, antibacterial, antiviral, hypoglycemic, lipid lowering, anticardiovascular, antimutagenic, anticancer, immunomodulatory, etc. Therefore it may play an important role in promoting human health. For example, it can provide ne...
Source: Advances in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Adv Pharmacol Source Type: research
Gefapixant shows promise in a phase 2b trial for a condition that affects 4% to 10% of adults worldwide and has had no safe, long-term treatments available.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Allergy Headlines - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Pulmonary Medicine News Source Type: news
“What diagnosis do you want to use for those ear drops you sent on Mr. Johnson,” Jenn texted me. “ICD-L21.8 for seborrheic dermatitis?” Sigh. Welcome to prior-authorization hell. These are generic ear drops I ordered for presumed fungal infection of the external ear. The cash price for the d rops is $15 for a 10-milliliter bottle […]Find jobs at  Careers by  Search thousands of physician, PA, NP, and CRNA jobs now.  Learn more.
Source: Kevin, M.D. - Medical Weblog - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Physician Primary Care Source Type: blogs
Toys are a reflection of the compounds used frequently in manufacturing. Allergic contact dermatitis to potties, metal toys and children's jewelry is well known, however, there is a broad range of skin risks in toys. With the objective to identify and publ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news
AbstractOral tumor microenvironment is characterized by chronic inflammation signified with infiltrating leukocytes and soluble mediators which cause immune suppression. However, how immunosuppressive cells like myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) maintain the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment and influence T cell function in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) patients remains poorly understood. In the present study, we found that percentages of MDSCs were higher in oral cancer patients compared to healthy individuals and correlated with cancer stage. Monocytic MDSCs (M-MDSCs) were prevalent in the periphery, ...
Source: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis is the first of its kind study predicting a relevant role of the immune checkpoint markers in both groups of primary and chemoreduced retinoblastoma with prognostic significance. Differential expression of these markers in both group of retinoblastoma is a novel finding and might be an interesting and beneficial target for chemoresistant tumors.
Source: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewIt is well known that combination of sensitization and exposure to inhaled environmental allergens is related to both the development and elicitation of symptoms of asthma and that avoidance of allergens would exert beneficial effects in the prevention and control of the disease. Other important factors include the relevance of other allergens, exposure to sensitizing agents also outside patient ’s home, exposure to irritants (like chemical air pollutants), and the involvement of the patient with a correct education. It is also likely that clinical phase of allergic airway disease and the deg...
Source: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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