STAT3 signaling statuses determine the fate of resveratrol-treated anaplastic thyroid cancer cells.

STAT3 signaling statuses determine the fate of resveratrol-treated anaplastic thyroid cancer cells. Cancer Biomark. 2020 Jan 10;: Authors: Wu J, Li YT, Tian XT, Liu YS, Wu ML, Li PN, Liu J Abstract BACKGROUNDS: Anaplastic thyroid cancer/ATC is highly lethal malignancy without reliable chemotherapeutic drug. Resveratrol possesses anti-ATC activities but encounters resistance in some cases due to certain unknown reason(s). OBJECTIVE: Because signal transducer and activator of transcription/STAT3 signaling is critical for ATC cell survival and the main molecular target of resveratrol, its roles in determining the fates of resveratrol-treated ATC cells were investigated here. METHODS: Human THJ-11T, THJ-16 and THJ-21T ATC cell lines were treated by 100 μM resveratrol and their growth, statuses of STAT3 signaling and STAT3-related gene expression were examined. The relevance of STAT3 activation with resveratrol resistance was elucidated using STAT selective inhibitor AG490. Leukemia inhibitory factor/LIF expression and phosphorylated-STAT3/p-STAT3 nuclear translocation in ATC tissues were immunohistochemically analyzed. RESULTS: Resveratrol inhibited proliferation, p-STAT3 nuclear translocation as well as LIF and STAT3 expression of THJ-16T and THJ-21T but not THJ-21T cells which showed LIF upregulation and more frequent p-STAT3 nuclear translocation. AG490 significantly prevent p-STAT3 nuclear translocation, and reversed the resveratrol toleran...
Source: Cancer Biomarkers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Cancer Biomark Source Type: research

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Conclusion MTDH is pro-oncogenic factor playing multifaceted and diverse roles in cancer progression. Its association and central role in regulating signaling pathways such a MAPK, wnt/β-catenin, PI3K/AkT, NF-κβ pathways in various cancers shows that it plays a vital role in metastasis. MTDH contribution to chemo and radiotherapy resistance provides a new direction for the development of anticancer therapeutics. Multiple mechanisms converge to promote expression of MTDH in cancers. Further studies are therefore warranted to determine whether the elevated MTDH expression has prognostic value for development...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusions This review describes how leukocyte-heparanase can be a double-edged sword in tumor progression; it can enhance tumor immune surveillance and tumor cell clearance, but also promote tumor survival and growth. We also discuss the potential of using heparanase in leukocyte therapies against tumors, and the effects of heparanase inhibitors on tumor progression and immunity. We are just beginning to understand the influence of heparanase on a pro/anti-tumor immune response, and there are still many questions to answer. How do the pro/anti-tumorigenic effects of heparanase differ across different cancer types? Does...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Markus Hartl* and Rainer Schneider Center of Molecular Biosciences (CMBI), Institute of Biochemistry, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria The neuronal proteins GAP43 (neuromodulin), MARCKS, and BASP1 are highly expressed in the growth cones of nerve cells where they are involved in signal transmission and cytoskeleton organization. Although their primary structures are unrelated, these signaling proteins share several structural properties like fatty acid modification, and the presence of cationic effector domains. GAP43, MARCKS, and BASP1 bind to cell membrane phospholipids, a process reversibly regulate...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
This study was supported by the Shanghai Sailing Program [grant number 17YF1425200, 2017]; Chinese National Natural Science Funding [grant number 81702249, 2017]; Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai Municipality [grant number 17511103403, 2017]; The funder has no role in the study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. Conflict of Interest Statement The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. Acknowledgments We acknowledge the ex...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In conclusion, we have shown the safety and efficacy of Vemurafenib in a pediatric patient with DS affected by PXA. Ethics Statement This study was carried out in accordance with the recommendations of the Internal Review Board of the Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital with written informed consent from all subjects. All subjects gave written informed consent in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki. The protocol was approved by the Internal Review Board of the Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital. Informed Consent The authors declare that written informed consent was obtained from the pat...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In conclusion, osmotic burst of inflated complement-damaged cells may occur, but these bursts are most likely a consequence of metabolic collapse of the cell rather than the cause of cell death. The Complement Cell Death Mediator: A Concerted Action of Toxic Moieties Membrane pores caused by complement were first visualized by electron microscopy on red blood cell membranes as large ring structures (22). Similar lesions were viewed on E. coli cell walls (23). Over the years, ample information on the fine ultrastructure of the MAC that can activate cell death has been gathered (24) and has been recently further examined (...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Abstract While it is generally believed that fetuses are at high risk of developing cancers, including leukemia, after low doses of radiation, it has been reported that atomic bomb survivors exposed in utero did not show a dose response for translocations in blood T lymphocytes when they were examined at approximately 40 years of age. Subsequent mouse studies confirmed that animals irradiated during the fetal stage did not show evidence of radiation effects in lymphocytes and bone marrow cells when they were examined after reaching adulthood. However, in a study of rat mammary epithelial cells, radiation effects w...
Source: Radiation Research - Category: Physics Authors: Tags: Radiat Res Source Type: research
Murine plasmacytoma (mPCT) models human blood cancers that involve the deregulation of c-myc by a translocation that juxtaposes c-myc to one of the immunoglobin loci. The fast-developing mPCT does not depend on c-myc translocation; rather infection with v-abl/c-myc retrovirus produces elevated c-myc levels. Chromosome 11 subcytoband E2 is always (100%) found duplicated compared to slow-developing mPCT (7.1%). The gene, immature colon carcinoma transcript1 (ict1) is located within 11E2 and overexpressed as a result of 11E2 duplication. The effect of ict1 overexpression during c-myc deregulation may contribute to the aggress...
Source: Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Tumor Biology Source Type: research
Abstract Transducin (beta)-like 1X related protein 1 (TBL1XR1/TBLR1) is an integral subunit of the NCoR (nuclear receptor corepressor) and SMRT (silencing mediator of retinoic acid and thyroid hormone receptors) repressor complexes. It is an evolutionally conserved protein that shares high similarity across all species. TBL1XR1 is essential for transcriptional repression mediated by unliganded nuclear receptors (NRs) and othe regulated transcription factors (TFs). However, it can also act as a transcription activator through the recruitment of the ubiquitin-conjugating/19S proteasome complex that mediates the exch...
Source: The Urologic Clinics of North America - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Am J Clin Exp Urol Source Type: research
This study defines, firstly, oncocers in the literature and contains all oncocer-related findings found up to now. Therefore, it will help to increase our comprehension about oncocer-mediated mechanisms. Via this study, a novel perspective would be produced to make clear cancer mechanisms and suggest novel approaches to regulate ceRNA networks via miRNA competition for cancer therapeutics. Graphical Abstract Multiple RNA transcripts have common MREs for the similar miRNA in their 3′-untranslated regions (3′-UTRs). Upregulation of ceRNAs rise...
Source: Tumor Biology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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