Conscience and convenience: American victim work in organizational context - Globokar J, Erez E.

Recent years have witnessed the proliferation of victim-focused positions inside and outside the criminal justice system, yet little is known about the occupational characteristics and organizational context of this field in the United States. In this arti...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

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This study aims to (1) identify underlying ACE classes including exposure to community violence, and (2) investigate the associations of ACE classes with mental disorders in adulthood: depression, anxiety, and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). We employed Latent Class Analysis (LCA) and logistic regression analyses using the data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent and Adult Health (Add Health; N = 10,784). The LCA identified four heterogeneous ACE classes: (1) child maltreatment (17.47%), (2) household dysfunction (14.39%), (3) community violence (5.36%), and (4) low adversity (62.79%). Three logis...
Source: Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Authors: Shiroma PR, Velasquez T, Usset TJ, Wilhelm JH, Thuras P, Baltutis E Abstract INTRODUCTION: Obesity is prevalent among users of Veteran's Health Administration services, where it is comorbid with depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, colon, and breast cancer. Among obese subjects, severe obesity represents a subpopulation with the highest risk of depression. We investigate the antidepressant effect of a local VA weight management program (Managing Overweight Veterans Everywhere - MOVE) among depressed veterans with severe obesity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a...
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Findings suggest few soldiers-in-training are likely to seek help when experiencing a problem. General efforts to encourage help-seeking when needed are warranted with particular focus on subsets of soldiers-in-training (eg, men, those with a history of some adverse childhood experiences). Strengths of this study include the examination of a large sample of soldiers-in-training to identify possible leverage points for early intervention or prevention prior to entering stressful military operating environments. Limitations of this study include the examination of only one military branch and exclusion of soldier...
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
This study examined treatment-related changes in depression, anger, and PTSD following cognitive processing therapy (CPT) as potential predictors of QOL change. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from two randomized controlled trials, one examining CPT among female civilians and veterans (women's study NCT02362477; n = 126) and the other on CPT delivered to male veterans (men's study NCT00879255; n = 125), were used to test study aims. Linear mixed modeling examined changes in depression, anger, and PTSD as predictors of post-treatment QOL while controlling for baseline QOL. The VA Pacific Island Health Ca...
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
AbstractIn recent years, there has been a growing recognition of a dissociative subtype of posttraumatic stress disorder (D ‐PTSD), characterized by experiences of depersonalization (DP) and derealization (DR), among individuals with PTSD. Little is known, however, about how experiences of DP and/or DR are associated with the experience of other PTSD symptoms. The central aim of the present paper was to explore the ass ociations among DP, DR, and other PTSD symptoms by means of a network analysis of cross‐sectional data for 557 participants whose overall self‐reported PTSD symptom severity warranted a probable PTSD d...
Source: Journal of Traumatic Stress - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
AbstractExisting literature indicates a theoretical and empirical relation between engagement in reckless behaviors and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Thus, theDSM ‐5 revision of the PTSD nosology added a new “reckless or self‐destructive behavior” (RSDB) symptom (Criterion E2). The current study applied a network analytic approach to examine the item‐level relations among a range of reckless behaviors and PTSD symptom clusters. Participants were recruited from Amazon's Mechanical Turk (N = 417), and network analysis was conducted with 20 variables: six PTSD symptom clusters, corresponding to the h...
Source: Journal of Traumatic Stress - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
Authors: Xi Y, Yu H, Yao Y, Peng K, Wang Y, Chen R Abstract This is the first study to investigate the mechanism of Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after the 2017 7.0 Ritcher scale Jiuzhaigou earthquake. In order to identify the mechanism underling interactions among different factors associated with PTSD symptoms. Three months after the earthquake, 607 participants from the heavy damaged areas were recruited in this survey. Demographic information and scale measurements on social support, resilience, anxiety, depression, and PTSD were collected using standardized questionnaire. The result showed that PTSD, a...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research
This study examines the 12-month prevalence of mental disorders stratified by duration of sleep. Data were drawn from face-to-face interviews conducted in the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions III, a nationally representative survey of US adults (N = 36,309). There were 1893 (5.26%) participants who reported
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
This study examines the association between trauma center designation levels in the U...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
INTRODUCTION: Major depression is a leading cause of morbidity in military personnel and an important impediment to operational readiness in military organizations. Although treatment options are available, a large proportion of individuals with depression...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
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